The New Imperialism: Asia

Britain obtains Hong Kong and trading rights from Chinese government


In 1842, the British had obtained through war the island of Hong Kong and trading rights in a number of Chinese cities. This is partly due to the decline of the Chinese empire in the 19th century.

Australian colonies receive self-governement


The availability of land for grazing sheep and the discovery of golf in Australia lef t an influx of settlers who slaughtered many of the indigenous inhabitants. In 1850, the British government granted various Australian colonies complete self-government. And fifty years later, in 1901, all the colonies were unified into the Commonwealth of Australia.

Mission of Commodore Perry to Japan

1853 - 1854

American naval forces under Commodore Perry forced the Japanese to grant the United States trading and diplomatic privileges.

Rebellion of sepoys in India

1857 - 1858

French occupy Saigon


French played an active in subjugating Indochina. The city of Saigon was occupied in 1858, and four years late, Cochin China was taken.

Overthrow of the Shogun in Japan


After the shogun's concessions to the Western nations, anti-foreign sentiment led to a samurai revolt in 1867 and the restoration of the emperor as the rightful head of the government.

Emperor Mutsuhito and the Meiji Restoration

1867 - 1912

The new emperor, Mutsuhito, referred to his reign as the Meiji Restoration. During his reign, the military was modernized according to Western tactics. A German-style army and British-style navy were created. A highly centralized administrative system copied from the French replaced the old system.

Queen Victoria is made Empress of India


Russians in Central Asia (trans-Caspian area)