Cold War's effects on Iran

This timeline shows the effects of the Cold War on Iran

Political Climate

The effects of the Cold War, specifically on the Political Climate

US/British Coup d' etat

August 15 1953 - august 19 1953

This coup, caused by US and British intervention, was set forth to weaken the Liberation movement and destroy the Tudeh Party of Iran. The US, who originally did not want to interfere with Iranian issues, was involved to prevent the spread of Soviet controll.

Tudeh Party Arrests

1954 - 1958

After the Coup, there were many arrests of the large Tudeh Party of Iran. The Tudeh Party was a communist party, so these arrests show the United States influence and their desire to prevent communism.

Khosrow Roozbeh Execution

11 May 1958

Khosrow Roozbeh was a national hero of the Tudeh Party of Iran. He was betrayed and turned over to the police. Even in custody, he remained dedicated to his party up until he was Killed by a firing squad.

Economic State

The effects of the Cold War, specifically on the Economic State

The Anglo Iranian Oil Company made 170 million pounds

1950 - 1951

The AIOC (and the British by extension) made 170 million pounds from oil profits, 30% of the profits in taxes, while Iran only earned 10% of those profits. The Iranians resented this, and Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh attempted to make it so the Iranians would be the main beneficiaries of the oil trade.

The British Halt Oil Production

1951 - August 15 1953

The British halt oil production in response to the idea of the "nationalization" of Iranian oil in order to show Iran that they "need them". They do not stat oil production again until the overthrow of the current government, the "Coup d' etat".

Iran Contra Affair

1983 - 1988

America made money from dealing arms in Iran, and used that money to fund the support of the Contras in Nicaragua, who were fighting against the Sandinistas (potential communists in the eyes of current American President Ronald Reagan).


The effects of the Cold War, specifically on the Culture

Iran Crisis

29 April 1946 - 18 June 1947

The Soviets Refused to give up the land it aquired during WWII in fear of losing their world power. During the crisis, the United states tried to force the Soviets out of Iran.

Iran Revolution

January 1978 - february 1979

The people of Iran overthrew Shah Mohammed Rezi, the leader the US put in power and had good relations with, in order to put Ayatollah Khomeini into power. He enforced the Muslim religion much more strictly and the rights of women in Iran decreased significantly

Iran Hostage Crisis

November 4, 1979 - January 20, 1981

Around the end of the revolution, a group of Muslim students invaded the American Embassy building, and took most of the people inside as hostages.