This timeline shows the effects of the Cold War on Iran
The effects of the Cold War, specifically on the Political Climate
This coup, caused by US and British intervention, was set forth to weaken the Liberation movement and destroy the Tudeh Party of Iran. The US, who originally did not want to interfere with Iranian issues, was involved to prevent the spread of Soviet controll.
After the Coup, there were many arrests of the large Tudeh Party of Iran. The Tudeh Party was a communist party, so these arrests show the United States influence and their desire to prevent communism.
Khosrow Roozbeh was a national hero of the Tudeh Party of Iran. He was betrayed and turned over to the police. Even in custody, he remained dedicated to his party up until he was Killed by a firing squad.
The effects of the Cold War, specifically on the Economic State
The AIOC (and the British by extension) made 170 million pounds from oil profits, 30% of the profits in taxes, while Iran only earned 10% of those profits. The Iranians resented this, and Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh attempted to make it so the Iranians would be the main beneficiaries of the oil trade.
The British halt oil production in response to the idea of the "nationalization" of Iranian oil in order to show Iran that they "need them". They do not stat oil production again until the overthrow of the current government, the "Coup d' etat".
America made money from dealing arms in Iran, and used that money to fund the support of the Contras in Nicaragua, who were fighting against the Sandinistas (potential communists in the eyes of current American President Ronald Reagan).
The effects of the Cold War, specifically on the Culture
The Soviets Refused to give up the land it aquired during WWII in fear of losing their world power. During the crisis, the United states tried to force the Soviets out of Iran.
The people of Iran overthrew Shah Mohammed Rezi, the leader the US put in power and had good relations with, in order to put Ayatollah Khomeini into power. He enforced the Muslim religion much more strictly and the rights of women in Iran decreased significantly
Around the end of the revolution, a group of Muslim students invaded the American Embassy building, and took most of the people inside as hostages.