World history Timeline



1200 - 1206

Around 1200, a Mongol clan leader named Temujin unified the Mongols under his leadership.

Temujin accepted the title Genghis Khan

1206 - 1211

In 1206, Temujin accepted the title Genghis Khan, or “universal ruler” of the Mongol clans.

Northern Jin was invaded

1211 - 1225

After invading the northern Jin Empire in 1211, however, his attention turned to the Islamic region west of Mongolia.

Centra Asia was under Mongol gontrol

1225 - 1227

By 1225, Central Asia was under Mongol control.

Genghis Khan died

1227 - 1260

Genghis Khan died in 1227—not from violence, but from illness. His successors continued to expand his empire.

Mongolian empire divides

1260 - 1275

By 1260, the Mongols had divided their huge empire into four regions, or khanates.

Marco Polo travels on Silk Road

1275 - 1281

He traveled by caravan on the Silk Roads with his father and uncle, arriving at Kublai Khan’s court around 1275

The Great Khan sent huge fleets against Japan

1281 - 1294

The Great Khan sent huge fleets against Japan in 1274 and 128.

Kublai Khan died in 1294

1294 - 1295

Kublai Khan died in 1294. After his death, the Yuan Dynasty began to fade.



321 BC - 303 BC

Chandragupta gathered an army, killed the unpopular Nanda king, and in about 321 B.C. claimed the throne. This began the Mauryan Empire.

Mauryan Empire

303 BC - 301 BC

By 303 B.C., the Mauryan Empire stretched more than 2,000

Chandragupta's son took throne

301 BC - 269 BC

In 301 B.C., Chandragupta’s son assumed the throne

Asoka became king of Mauran empire.

269 BC - 232 BC

Asoka dies

232 BC

Noble as his policies of toleration and nonviolence were, they failed to hold the empire together after Asoka died in 232 B.C.

Persians invaded

185 BC - 320 AD

For 500 years, beginning about
185 B.C., wave after wave of Greeks,
Persians, and Central Asians poured into
northern India. These invaders disrupted
Indian society.

Gupta takes the title

320 AD - 335 AD

After his marriage, Chandra Gupta I took the title “Great King of Kings” in A.D. 320. His empire included Magadha and the area north of it, with his power base along the

Samudra becomes king

335 AD - 375 AD

Chandra Gupta's ruling

375 AD - 415 AD

Chandra Gupta II also strengthened his empire through peaceful means by negotiating diplomatic and marriage alliances. He ruled from A.D. 375 to 415.

Empire fades

415 AD - 535 AD

Over the next 100 years, the Gupta Empire broke into small king- doms. Many were overrun by the Hunas or other Central Asian nomads. The Empire ended about 535.

Timur destroys Delhi

1398 - 1494

Babur becomes king

1494 - 1526

Babur leads 12000 troops to victory

1526 - 1556

Babur was a brilliant general. In 1526, for example, he led 12,000 troops to victory

Akbars ruling

1556 - 1605

Babur’s grandson was called Akbar, which means “Great.” Akbar cer- tainly lived up to his name, ruling India with wisdom and tolerance from 1556 to 1605.

Mumtaz dies

1631 - 1657

In 1631, Mumtaz Mahal died at age 39 while giving birth to her 14th child. To enshrine his wife’s memory, he ordered that a tomb be built “as beautiful as she was beautiful.”

Shah becoms ill

1657 - 1658

All was not well in the royal court either. When Shah Jahan became ill in 1657, his four sons scrambled for the throne.

Aurngeb rules

1658 - 1707

Renaissance Period

Laura dies


Italian, he wrote sonnets—14-line poems. They were about a mysterious woman named Laura, who was his ideal. (Little is known of Laura except that she died of the plague in 1348.

In 1434, Medici won control of Florence’s government.


He did not seek political office for himself, but influenced members of the ruling council by giving them loans. For 30 years, he was dictator of Florence.

A french king takes the throne

1449 - 1550

1494, a French king claimed the throne of Naples in southern Italy and launched an invasion through northern Italy.

Leonardo Da Vinci

1452 - 1519

Leonardo da Vinci’s notebooks—and life—are mysterious. Some 3,500 pages closely covered with writings and drawings survive.

Hundred Years’ War


When the destructive Hundred Years’ War between France and England ended in 1453, many cities grew rapidly

Turks conquer


Christian scholars in Constantinople fled to Rome with Greek manu- scripts when the Turks conquered Constantinople in 1453

Donatello’s statue was created


Donatello’s statue was created in the late 1460s. It was the first European sculpture of a large, free-standing nude since ancient times

Lorenzo de Medici, came to power


Known as Lorenzo the Magnificent, he ruled as a dictator yet kept up the appearance of having an elected government.

Michelangelo Buonarroti

1475 - 1564

Like Leonardo, Michelangelo was a Renaissance man.
He excelled as a painter, sculptor, architect, and poet.

Vittoria Colonna

1492 - 1547

Yet, some of them had great influence. Vittoria Colonna (1492–1547) was born of a noble family. In 1509, she married the Marquis of Pescara.


1501 - 1504

Michelangelo Influenced by classical statues, Michelangelo sculpted David from 1501 to 1504.

The mona lisa

1504 - 1506

The Mona Lisa (c. 1504–1506) is thought to be a portrait of Lisa Gherardini, who, at 16, married Francesco del Giocondo

The Praise of the Folly


In 1509, Erasmus wrote his most famous work, The Praise of Folly.

Niccolò Machiavelli


The Prince (1513) by Niccolò Machiavelli examins the conduct of humans。

Baldassare Castiglione wrote a book


Baldassare Castiglione

Flemish paintings


Flemish paintings reachedts peak after1550withthe peak ofPieter Bruegel