Mongols

Mongols

Temujin defeats rivals

1200

Around 1200, a Mongol clan leader named Temujin sought to unify the Mongols under his leadership. He fought and defeated his rivals one by one.

Temujin(Genghis) accepts his title

1206

In 1206, Temujin accepted the title Genghis Khan, or "universal ruler" of all Mongol clans.

Invasion of Northern Jin Empire

1211

After invading the northern Jin Empire in 1211, his attention turned to the Islamic region west of Mongolia.

Central Asia under Mongolian control

1225

Genghis launched a campaign of terror across Central Asia. The Mongols destroyed one city after another—Utrar, Samarkand, Bukhara—and slaughtered many inhabitants. By 1225, Central Asia was under Mongol control.

Genghis Khan dies

1227

Genghis Khan dies in 1227 from illness. His successors continued to expand his empire. In a timeframe of less than 50 years, the Mongols conquered territory from China to Poland.

Mongols divide into 4 Khanates

1260

The Mongols divide the huge empire into four regions, or khanates. These were the Khanate of the Great Khan (Mongolia&China), the Khanate of Chagatai (Central Asia), the Ilkhanate (Persia), and the Khanate of the Golden Horde (Russia). A descendant of Genghis ruled each Khanate.

Kublai Khan sents fleets against Japan

1275

Kublai Khan sends huge fleets against Japan in 1275. The Mongols forced Koreans to build, sail, and provide provisions for the boats, a costly task that almost ruined Korea. However, the Japanese turned back the Mongol fleets.

Mongols attack Japan again

1281

The second fleet to Japan carried 150,000 Mongol, Chinese, and Korean warriors; it the largest seaborne invasion force in history until World War II. After 53 days, Japanese warriors had fought the invaders to a standstill. On the next day, a typhoon swept across the Sea of Japan.

Kublai Khan dies

1294

Kublai Khan dies in 1294, and after his death, the Yuan Dynasty began to fade while his family members continually argued over who would rule. In one eight-year period, four different khans took the throne.

India

Geeks Persians and Central Asians migrate to N. India

185

In 185 BC, many of Greeks, Persians, and Central Asians poured into Northern India

Asoka dies

232

Asoka dies in 232 BC, only to leave the empire where regional kings challenged the imperial government.

Asoka takes throne

269

Chandragupta's grandson takes the throne

301

In 301 B.C., Chandragupta’s son assumed the throne, and ruled a reign of 32 years. Then, his grandson, Asoka, to

Empire expands

303

The Maurya empire expands by over 2,000 miles, which united northern India for the first time.

Chandra Gupta takes new title

320

Chandra Gupta takes the title "King of all kings" in 320 AD.

Chandragupta Mauryan defeats king of E. India

321

Chandragupta Maurya defeats the king of East India with his army, takes the throne then names a dynasty after himself in 321BC.

Samudra Gupta takes the throne

335

The son of Chandra Gupta,

Chandra Gupta II takes throne

375

Chandra Gupta II takes leadership to the throne in 375 AD, strengthening his empire by peaceful means and negotiating diplomatic along with marriage alliances.

Chandra Gupta II dies

415

Chandra Gupta II died in 415.

Gupta empire split into three kingdoms

535

Invaders threatened northern India after Chandra Gupta II dies. These fierce fighters, called the Hunas, were related to the Huns who invaded the Roman Empire. Over the next 100 years the eire broke into 3 kingdoms, starting at 535 AD.

Delhi destroyed

1398

Timer the Lame destroys the city of Delhi

Babur inherits kingdom

1494

Babur at age 11 inherits a kingdom which is now present day Uzbekistan and Tajikstan until his grandparents take it away from him shortly.

Babur wins against Delhi

1526

Babur led 12,000 troops to victory against 100,000 troops from Delhi.

Akbar begins reign

1556

Akbar begins his reign in 1556, and he leads the kingdom to more success.

Akbar dies

1605

Akbar dies, and his son Jahangir takes his place.

Mumtaz Muhal dies

1631

Mumtaz Muhal dies, and she was honored by having a memorial built for her, known as the Taj Mahal, built from white marble and fine jewels.

Shah Jahal falls ill

1657

Shah Jahal becomes ill, and his four sons all argue over the throne.

Aurangzeb takes throne

1658

Aurangzeb takes the throne over his other three siblings because he was the most forceful one.

Europe receives the port of Bombay

1661

The Mughal empire casually hands over the port of Bombay.

End of Aurangzeb's reign

1707

Aurangzeb dies, and the empire is left to fall.