Around 1200, a Mongol clan leader named Temujin sought to unify the Mongols under his leadership. He fought and defeated his rivals one by one.
In 1206, Temujin accepted the title Genghis Khan, or "universal ruler" of all Mongol clans.
After invading the northern Jin Empire in 1211, his attention turned to the Islamic region west of Mongolia.
Genghis launched a campaign of terror across Central Asia. The Mongols destroyed one city after another—Utrar, Samarkand, Bukhara—and slaughtered many inhabitants. By 1225, Central Asia was under Mongol control.
Genghis Khan dies in 1227 from illness. His successors continued to expand his empire. In a timeframe of less than 50 years, the Mongols conquered territory from China to Poland.
The Mongols divide the huge empire into four regions, or khanates. These were the Khanate of the Great Khan (Mongolia&China), the Khanate of Chagatai (Central Asia), the Ilkhanate (Persia), and the Khanate of the Golden Horde (Russia). A descendant of Genghis ruled each Khanate.
Kublai Khan sends huge fleets against Japan in 1275. The Mongols forced Koreans to build, sail, and provide provisions for the boats, a costly task that almost ruined Korea. However, the Japanese turned back the Mongol fleets.
The second fleet to Japan carried 150,000 Mongol, Chinese, and Korean warriors; it the largest seaborne invasion force in history until World War II. After 53 days, Japanese warriors had fought the invaders to a standstill. On the next day, a typhoon swept across the Sea of Japan.
Kublai Khan dies in 1294, and after his death, the Yuan Dynasty began to fade while his family members continually argued over who would rule. In one eight-year period, four different khans took the throne.
In 185 BC, many of Greeks, Persians, and Central Asians poured into Northern India
Asoka dies in 232 BC, only to leave the empire where regional kings challenged the imperial government.
In 301 B.C., Chandragupta’s son assumed the throne, and ruled a reign of 32 years. Then, his grandson, Asoka, to
The Maurya empire expands by over 2,000 miles, which united northern India for the first time.
Chandra Gupta takes the title "King of all kings" in 320 AD.
Chandragupta Maurya defeats the king of East India with his army, takes the throne then names a dynasty after himself in 321BC.
The son of Chandra Gupta,
Chandra Gupta II takes leadership to the throne in 375 AD, strengthening his empire by peaceful means and negotiating diplomatic along with marriage alliances.
Chandra Gupta II died in 415.
Invaders threatened northern India after Chandra Gupta II dies. These fierce fighters, called the Hunas, were related to the Huns who invaded the Roman Empire. Over the next 100 years the eire broke into 3 kingdoms, starting at 535 AD.
Timer the Lame destroys the city of Delhi
Babur at age 11 inherits a kingdom which is now present day Uzbekistan and Tajikstan until his grandparents take it away from him shortly.
Babur led 12,000 troops to victory against 100,000 troops from Delhi.
Akbar begins his reign in 1556, and he leads the kingdom to more success.
Akbar dies, and his son Jahangir takes his place.
Mumtaz Muhal dies, and she was honored by having a memorial built for her, known as the Taj Mahal, built from white marble and fine jewels.
Shah Jahal becomes ill, and his four sons all argue over the throne.
Aurangzeb takes the throne over his other three siblings because he was the most forceful one.
The Mughal empire casually hands over the port of Bombay.
Aurangzeb dies, and the empire is left to fall.