Temujun, a Mongol clan leader wants to unify Mongols under his leadership. He fought to and defeated his rivals one by one.
Temujun becomes Genghis Kahn
Genghis Kahn means "universal ruler" of the Mongols. For 21 years, Genghis was a very successful military leader, and he conquered much of Asia.
Genghis Kahn invades the Northern Jin empire
His attention, though, quickly turned to the Islamic region of West Mongolia. The Muslims had slaughtered Mongol traders and an ambassador, which angered Genghis.
Mongols take control of Central Asia
The Mongols destroyed one city after another and slaughtered many inhabitants. Genghis Kahn is the universal ruler.
Genghis Kahn dies
The cause of his death is illness. His successors continue to expand the empire.
Kublai Kahn assumes the Title of the Great Kahn
Kublai Kahn is the grandson of Genghis Kahn. He theoretically ruled the entire Mongol empire.
Marco Polo arrives in Kublai Kahn's court
He traveled by caravan on the silk roads with his father and uncle. Marco Polo had learned several Asian languages during his travels and Kublai Kahn sent him on many government missions in various cities.
The Great Kahn sends against Japan
This was an attempt to control Japan. He sent fleets once before to Japan in 1274.
Kublai Kahn dies
After his death, the Yuan dynasty began to fade. In one eight year period four different Kahns took the throne.
Mauryan and Gupta empires
Greeks, Persians, and Central Asian pour into Northern India.
these invasions lasted 500 years
the invasions disrupted indian society
he was noble and and nonviolent. this method was not effective in holding the empire.
Asoka becomes king of the Mauryan empire
at first he follows in Chandragupta's footsteps, waging war to expand. Asoka was Chandragupta's grandson
Chandragupta's son assumes the throne
he ruled for 32 years. later, Asoka brought the empire to its greatest heights.
The Mauryan Empire Unites North India politically
it stretched more than 2000 miles. this was the first time North india had been united.
Chandra Gupta II takes the title of "Great king of kings"
this happens after his marriage.
he came to power by marriage.
Chandragupta claims the throne
he does so by gathering an army to kill the unpopular Nanda king.
this begons the Mauryan empire.
samudra gupta becomes king
he has a warlike side. he expanded the empire theough 40 years of conquest.
Chandra Gupta II begins the rule.
375 - 415
indians revered hm for his heroic qualities. he defeated the Shakas.
Chandra Gupta II's rule ends
he strengthens the empire through peaceful means
he negotiates diplomatic and marriage alliances
the Gupta Empire ends
After Chandra Gupta II dies new invaders threatened northern india.
they were called the Hunas and were related to the Huns.
Timur the Lame destroys Delhi
The city was so completely devastated that according to one witness, "for months not a bird moved in the city."
Delhi eventually was rebuilt
Babur inherits his Kingdom
He was 11 years old at the time.
The land was over what is now Ubekistan and Tajikistan
Babur Beats the Sultan of Delhi
He led 12000 troops against an army of 100,000
A year later Babur defeated a huge Rapjut army.
Reign of Akbar
1556 - 1605
He was Babur's grandson
He ruled with wisdom and tolerance
Death of Mumtaz Mahal
She died at age 39 while giving birth to her 14th child
The Taj Mahal was built in her memory
Shah Jahan Becomes Ill
His 4 sons scramble for the throne
The throne went to his 3rd son, Aurangzeb
1658 - 1707
He was a master at military strategy and an impressive empire builder.
Power of the empire weakened during his reign.