Timeline for Lectures 21 and 22

Lecture 21: Italian Renaissance

Paleologus Dynasty

1260 - 1453

Dante Alighieri (The Divine Comdey)

1265 - 1321


1304 - 1374

Donato di Donatello

1386 - 1466

Created the statue of David in bronze. Attention to anatomy, standing on something to stabilize the structure

Jan van Eyck

1390 - 1441

Arnolfini in Northern Italy


1401 - 1428

First important renaissance artist. Famous for frescos in the Brocchi chapel

Francesso Sforza

1401 - 1466

In Milan he rebelled and took over the city, centralizing the state

Sandro Botticelli


Created the birth of Venus. Paid attention to anatomical structure, classical antiquity of Greco-Roman. Primavera

Charles VII

1422 - 1461

Cosimo deMedici

1434 - 1464

In Florence, the de Medici Family owned the largest bank and came to power

Frederigo da Montefeltro

1444 - 1482

Ruled Urbino, was taught in secular school, was called a despot - his rule had no appearance of a republic, but he was loved by the people.

Donato Bramante

1444 - 1514

Architect, St. Peter's Basilica in Rome

War of the Roses

1450 - 1485

Mehmed II

1451 - 1481

Led the Seljuq Turk in the conquest of Costantinople

Ludovico Sforza

1451 - 1508

Ferdinand of Aragon

1452 - 1516

Leonardo da Vinci

1452 - 1519

Mona Lisa, use of light and dark

Fall of Constantinople


Seljuq Turks

Peace of Lodi


Balance of power between the city-states: Milan, Florence, Naples, versus Venice and the Papal States (more powerful group)

Johannes Gutenburg/Gutenburg Bible

1455 - 1456

Louis XI

1461 - 1483

Pico della Mirandola

1463 - 1494

Oration on the Dignity of Man

Charles the Bold

1467 - 1477

duke of Burgundy

Lorenzo the Magnificent

1469 - 1492

Niccolo Machiavelli

1469 - 1527

The Prince - how a ruler is to behave; doing wrong is sometimes necessary. Development of the modern printing press help it become so wide-spread. Father of modern diplomacy which arouse from Florence.

Albrecht Durer

1471 - 1528

Self portraits, adoration of the Magi

Isabella of Castile

1474 - 1504


1475 - 1564

Statue of David, largest statue after Roman empire, sistine chapel

Ferdinand of Aragon

1479 - 1516

High Renaissance

1480 - 1520

Art moved out to Rome and began to be paid by the Papacy. da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael

Richard III

1483 - 1485


1483 - 1520

School of Athens, Madonna and child, died at the Popes garden party (age 32) after drinking too much

Charles VIII

1483 - 1498

Henry VII

1485 - 1509


Fall of Granada


Francis I

1494 - 1547

Charles I (of Spain)/ Charles the V as Holy Roman Emperor

1500 - 1558

Lecture 22: The Reformation

John Wyclif

1328 - 1384

Established Lollardy because he was disgusted by the church , and claimed papal authority was not bible based. Bible is sole authority, thought bible should be translated into vernacular latin, popes should be stripped f their authority and land, and stop all practices not mentioned in the bible

John Hus

1374 - 1415

Believed the same as John Wyclif, and was guaranteed safe conduct where no harm would come to him but was burned at the stake

Hussite Wars

1415 - 1436

Wars that broke out after John Huss was killed

Martin V

1417 - 1431

Tried to limit the power of the councils

Pius II

1458 - 1464

Warrior Pope- led troops into battle

Frederick III of Saxony

1463 - 1525

Nobleman of Holy Roman Empire that supported Martin Luther

Desiderius Erasmus

1466 - 1536

Wrote the Handbook of a Christian Knight and The Praise of Folly

Sixtus IV

1471 - 1484

Nepotism because showed favor to his 5 nephews

Cesare Borgia

1476 - 1507

Lucrezia Borgia

1480 - 1519

Martin Luther

1483 - 1546

Became a monk, split from the Catholic church and established Lutheranism

Alexander VI

1492 - 1503

Pope that took land with his son Cesare and used his daughter Lucrezia as a political pawn

Juluis II

1503 - 1513

The Handbook of a Christian Knight


Created by Desiderius Erasmus. Knight should be more concerned with inner piety than rules of the church

The Praise of Folly


Created by Desiderius Erasmus, sarcastic tone, classical antiquity, and corrupt ideas

Leo X

1513 - 1521

Son of Lorenzo de Medici, became pope at age 37

Ninety-Five These


Written by Martin Luther - his reason why the papal indulgences were wrong. Was wide spread

Leipzig Debate


Debate between Martin Luther and the Pope - split from the Catholic church and established Lutheranism

Charles V

1519 - 1556

In his edict of Worms he outlawed Martin Luther

On the Freedom of a Christian Man


Written by Martin Luther

Address to the Nobility of the German Nation


Written by Martin Luther, could gain favor with the German nobility because they could gain wealth and power

The Babylonian Captivity of the Church


Written by Martin Luther, why people shouldn't have to confess their sins the pope

Reichstag/ Doet of Worms


Edict of Worms


Outlawed Martin Luther

Katherina von Bora


Married Martin Luther

Against the Robbing and Murdering Hordes of Peasants


When the peasants rebelled Martin Luther wrote this and it led to the killing peasants

On the Jews and their Lies


When Jews refused to convert Martin Luther wrote this and it led to the killing of Jews