Mongol timeline Rourke Magwood


Temujin becomes leader

1200 - 1206

Mongol clan leader named Temujin sought to unify the Mongols under his leadership. He fought and defeated his rivals one by one.

Genghis khan

1206 - 1211

Temujin accepted the title Genghis Khan, or “universal ruler” of the Mongol clans.Over the next 21 years, Genghis led the Mongols in conquering much of Asia. His first goal was China.

Genghis launches terror

1211 - 1225

His attention turned to the Islamic region west of Mongolia. Angered by the murder of Mongol traders and an ambas- sador at the hands of the Muslims, Genghis launched a campaign of terror across Central Asia. The Mongols destroyed one city after another—Utrar, Samarkand, Bukhara—and slaughtered many inhabitants.

Khan dies

1225 - 1227

Genghis Khan died in 1227—not from violence, but from illness. His successors continued to expand his empire.

Pax Mongolica

1227 - 1260

Mongols imposed stability and law and order across much of Eurasia. This period is sometimes called the Pax Mongolica, or Mongol Peace.

New ruler

1260 - 1281

the grandson of Genghis Khan, assumed the title Great Khan in 1260. In theory, the Great Khan ruled the entire Mongol Empire. In reality, the empire had split into four khanates. Other descendants of Genghis ruled Central Asia, Persia, and Russia as semi-independent states.

Kublai's attack

1275 - 1281

The Chinese held off Kublai’s attacks for several years. However, his armies finally overwhelmed them in 1279. Throughout China’s long history, the Chinese feared and fought off invasions by northern nomads. China sometimes lost terri- tory to nomadic groups, but no foreigner had ever ruled the whole country. With Kublai’s victory, that changed.

New dynasty

1275 - 1294

As China’s new emperor, Kublai Khan founded a


Chindagrupta becomes king

321 bc

Chandragupta gathered an army, killed the unpopular Nanda king, and in about 321 B.C. claimed the throne.

Outsiders pour in to india


For 500 years, beginning about
185 B.C., wave after wave of Greeks,
Persians, and Central Asians poured into
northern India.

Asoka dies


Asoka died in 232 B.C.

Asoka becomes king


Chandragupta assumed the throne


In 301 B.C., Chandragupta’s son assumed the throne



Chandra guitars empire

320 ad

Chandra Gupta I took the title “Great King of Kings” in A.D. 320. His empire included Magadha and the area north of it, with his power base along the

Samudra Gupta becomes king


Chandra Gupta II

375 - 415

Chandra Gupta II is king until 415

Gupta is dethrowned


Gupta is dethroned in 415

Empire ends


Over the next 100 years, the Gupta Empire broke into small king- doms. Many were overrun by the Hunas or other Central Asian nomads. The Empire ended about 535.


Timur the lame




Babu accomplishment


In 1526, for example, he led 12,000 troops to


1556 - 1605

Akbar certainly lived up to his name, ruling India with wisdom and tolerance from 1556 to 1605.

Mumtaz mahal


In 1631, Mumtaz Mahal died at age 39 while giving birth to her 14th child. To enshrine his wife’s memory, he ordered that a tomb be built “as beautiful as she was beautiful.”



Akbar dies the Mughal court changed to deal with the changing times. The next three emperors each left his mark on the Mughal Empire.

Shah jahan


All was not well in the royal court either. When Shah Jahan became ill in 1657, his four sons scrambled for the throne.


1658 - 1707




They were about a mysterious woman named Laura, who was his ideal. Little is known of Laura except that she died of the plague in 1348



Cosimo de Medici was the wealthiest European of his time. In 1434, he won control of Florence’s government.

Leonardo davinci

1452 - 1519

Leonardo da Vinci’s notebooks—and life—are mysterious. Some 3,500 pages closely covered with writings and drawings survive.

Christian scholars


, Christian scholars in Constantinople fled to Rome with Greek manu- scripts when the Turks conquered Constantinople in 1453.



Lorenzo de Medici,


His grandson, Lorenzo de Medici, came to power in 1469. Known as Lorenzo the Magnificent, he ruled as a dictator


1475 - 1564

Like Leonardo, Michelangelo was a Renaissance man.
He excelled as a painter, sculptor, architect, and poet.

Vittoria Colonna

1492 - 1547

some of them had great influence. Vittoria Colonna (1492–1547) was born of a noble family.

The prince


The prince a book

Baldassare Castiglione


Baldassare Castiglione writes a book about how to become a person