World history timeline

Mongols

Temujin becomes Genghis Khan

1200 - 1206

Temujin, a Mongol clan leader, fights to unify the Mongols under his leadership. One by one, he beats all his rivals and claims the title Genghis Khan, or universal ruler.

Invasion of Jin Empire

1211

Genghis Khan invades northern Jin Empire but his attention goes to the Islamic region west of Mongolia.

Central Asia under Mongol Control

1225

Genghis Khan launched a campaign of terror across Central Asia in which the Mongols destroyed the cities of Utrar, Samarkand, and Bukhara.

Death of Genghis khan

1227

Genghis Khan dies of illness but his successors continue to expand the Mongol Empire. They create the largest unified land empire in history.

Mongols turn attention to Persia

1250

Mongols halt their westward campaign even though Vienna and Venice are in their grasp and turn their attention to Persia.

Mongols divide their Empire

1260

Mongols divide their empire into four sections, also known as Khanates. A descendent of Genghis ruled each khanate.

Marco Polo visits China

1275

Marco Polo, a young Venetian trader who traveled with his uncle and father along the Silk Roads arrived to Kublai Khans court. The most famous European to visit China in this time.

Kublai Khan tries to conquer Japan

1281

After conquering China, Kublai Khan tries to conquer Japan. He sent huge fleets of ships filled with warriors to try to conquer Japan but the Japanese won.

Death of Kublai Khan

1294

After his death the Yuan Dynasty began to fade. There re no strong rulers, and there were many rulers in a very short period of time.

India

Mauryan and Gupta Empires

Chandragupta becomes king

321

Chandragupta gathers an army and kills the Nanda king and then claims the throne. This was the start of the Mauryan Empire.

Timur the Lame destroyed Delhi

1398 - 1494

In 1398, the city of Delhi was destroyed by Timur the Lame. Though, Delhi was eventually rebuilt.

Babur inherits a kingdom

1494

In 1494, the area that is now currently Uzbekistan and Tajikistan was inherited by an 11 year old boy. His name was Babur and soon afterwards his elders took the land and drove him south. But Babur created an army and later set up the foundation for the Mughal Empire.

Babur is victorious over a sultan of Delhi

1526

In 1526, Babur led 12,000 troops against an army of 100,000 troops and ended up winning the battle. The commander of the other army was a sultan of Delhi.

Akbar's reign

1556 - 1605

Akbar, "great", ruled India with wisdom and tolerance from 1556-1605. Akbar was the grandson of Babur.

Mumtaz Mahal dies

1631

Shah Jahan's wife died in 1631 while giving birth to her 14th child at age 39. Shah Jahan ordered that a tomb be built to honor her, the Taj Mahal.

Shah Jahan becomes ill

1657

in 1657, Shah Jahan became ill and his four sons fought for the power of the throne. The third son killed his older brother and put his father (Shah Jahan) in prison and then claimed the throne.

Aurangzeb's reign

1658 - 1707

Aurangzeb was a military strategist and an aggressive builder who reigned from 1658 to 1707. The power of the empire weakened during his reign but he did expand the Mughal empire.

Europe

Laura died

1348

In 1348, the woman Laura who Petrarch wrote about died of the plague.

Cosimo controls Florence's government

1434 - 1464

In 1434, Cosimo de Medici won control of Florence's government. He was the wealthiest European of his time. He died in 1464.

Leonardo da Vinci

1452 - 1519

The life of Leonardo da Vinci, he painted the Mona Lisa. He had a mysterious life and was interested in how things works. He was also a Renaissance man.

Turks conquer Constantinople

1453

In 1453, the Turks conquered Constantinople and Christian scholars from Constantinople fled to Rome with Greek manuscripts.

Hundred year war ends

1453

In 1453, the Hundred Years' War ends between France and England and many cities grow.

Donatello's statue

1460

In the late 1460s, Donatello created a sculpture/ statue.

Lorenzo de Medici comes to power

1469

Cosimo's grandson, Lorenzo de Medici, came to power. He acted like a dictator but pretended to have an elected government.

Michelangelo Buonarroti

1475 - 1504

The life of Michelangelo Buonarroti, he was a Renaissance man and a painter.

Vittoria Colonna

1492 - 1547

The life of Vittoria Colonna was born of a noble family and had a great influence. She helped write the Courier.

French King claims the Naples throne

1494

In 1494, the throne of Naples was claimed by a French King who then launched an invasion through northern Italy.

The Praise of Folly

1509

In 1509, The Praise of Folly was written by Erasmus. It was his most famous work.

The Prince

1513

In 1513 The Prince was written by Niccoló Macchiavelli which examines the imperfect conduct of humans.

Utopia

1516

In 1516, Thomas More wrote the book Utopia to show a better model of society.

The Courtier is written

1528

In 1528, Baldassare Castiglione wrote a book, The Courtier, that taught how to be such a person.

Flemish Painting

1550

After 1550, Flemish painting reached its peak with the work of Peter Bruegel the Elder.

Elizabeth's reign

1558 - 1603

Queen Elizabeth ruled from 1558-1603. The age after her reign was called the Elizabethian Age.