Mongol Timeline Meg Guilfoile


1200-Temujin unifies the Mongols

1200 - 1206

He fought and defeated his rivals one by one. Je eventually accepted his title as Genghis Khan "universal ruler"

1206- Temujin becomes the universal ruler


Temujin accepts the title as Genghis Khan "universal ruler". For the next 21 years he lead the Mongols in conquering much of Asia

1211- invades the northern Jin Empire

1211 - 1225

Conquered the Jin Empire. However his attention turned to the Islamic region west of Mongol

1225- Central Asia is under Mongol control


Genghis launched a campaign of terror across Central Asia. And the Mongols destroyed one city after the other leading to them controlling all of Central Asia in 1225

1227- Genghis Khan died


He died from illness. His successor continued to expand his empire and created the largest unified land in history

1260- empire was divided into four regions


The four sections were know as khanates. These were the Khanate of the Great Khan

1279- Chinese army overwhelms Kublai’s


The Chinese held of the attacks of Kublai’s for several years. In 1279 thought is army finally overwhelms them

1281- Great Khan sent huge fleets against Japan


The Mongols forced Koreans to build, sail, and provide provisions for the boats, a costly task that almost ruined Korea. The japeniese surrendered during the attack

1294- Kublai Khan died


After the yuan dynasty began to fade. In one 8 year period 4 different rulers ruled


The Mauryan Ends

535 BC

Over the next 100 years, the Gupta Empire broke into small king- doms. Many were overrun by the Hunas or other Central Asian nomads. The Empire ended

Chandra Gupta II rule ends

415 BC

Chandra Gupta II also strengthened his empire through peaceful means by negotiating diplomatic and marriage alliances

Chandra Gupta II was ruler

375 BC - 415

Chandra Gupta II also strengthened his empire through peaceful means by negotiating diplomatic and marriage alliances

Samudrura. Gupta becomes king

335 BC

Although a lover of the arts, Samudra had a warlike side. He expanded the empire through 40 years of conquest.

Chandragupta claimed the throne

321 BC

Chandragupta gathered an army, killed the unpopular Nanda king, and in about 321 B.C. claimed the throne. This began the Mauryan Empire.

Chandra Gupta I took the title “Great King of Kings”

320 BC

The first Gupta emperor came to power not through battle but by marrying a daughter of an influential royal family. After his marriage

Mauryan stretched more than 2,000 miles

303 BC

Chandragupta’s son assumed the throne

301 BC

Ruled for 32 years

Asoka became the King of the Mauryan Empire

269 BC

Followed in this grandfathers footsteps. Expanded his empire

Asoka died

232 BC

Noble as his policies of toleration and nonviolence were, they failed to hold the empire together after Asoka died

Persians and Central Asians poured into northern India

185 BC

These invaders disrupted
Indian society. But they also introduced
new languages and customs that added to the already-rich blend of Indian culture.


Laura died of the plague


They were about a mysterious woman named Laura, who was his ideal

Cosimo de Medici won control of Florence's government

1434 - 1464

He did not seek political office for himself, but influenced members of the ruling council by giving them loans. For 30 years, he was dictator of Florence

Leonardo da Vinci

1452 - 1519

His-writing is clear and easy to read, but only if you look at it in a mirror. Only 17 of his paintings survive. And yet the-work that Leonardo did produce is so amazing that it confirms his genius.

Turks conquer Constantinople


Christian scholars in Constantinople fled to Rome with Greek manu- scripts

Hundred year war ended


many cities grew rapidly, Urban mer- chants became wealthy enough to sponsor artists

Michelangelo Buonarroti

1457 - 1564

Michelangelo is most famous for the way he portrayed the human body in painting and sculpture.

Donatello’s statue was created


Lorenzo de Medici comes to power


Known as Lorenzo the Magnificent, he ruled as a dictator yet kept up the appearance of having an elected government.

Vittoria Colonna was born

1492 - 1547

Niccolò Machiavelli examines the imperfect conduct of human beings


Baldassare Castiglione wrote a book called Courtier