World War 1

Time line of World War 1

Events

The Assassination of Franz Ferdinand

6/28/1914 12:00

Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by a group of 6 Bosnians lead by Danilo Ilic. He was assassination on the Latin Bridge at Sarajevo. His assassination was important because he was the 2nd inline to be king of the ottoman empire. A month after his assassination, world war 1 started. His assassination was the cause of World War 1

Britain declares war on Germany

8/4/1914

Britain Declares war on Germany. Britain currently being led by Prime Minister Herbert Asquith

Battle of the Frontiers

8/14/1914 - 8/24/1914

The battle of Britain, France and Belgium versus Germany. France and Britain had a total of 1,320,000 while Germany had 1,300,000 infantry men. A total of 142,080 men died from France, Britain and Belgium while Germany had a casualty loss of 200,000. As a result, Germany was victorious as Britain and France retreated.

Unofficial Christmas Truce

12/24/1914 - 12/25/1914

During the Christmas truce, soldiers from both sides ceased fire and had their rivalry cease. The peace were to such an extent that soldiers were brave enough to wander across no mans land and exchange food, gifts and souvenirs.in rarity, soldiers even played football in no mans land.

Zeppelin air raids on Britain

1/19/1915 - 8/5/1918

The Germans used zeppelins to scout and bomb their opposition countries. On the 19th of January, the first air raid was conducted during battle, two were killed and 6 injured. On the 31st of May, the first zeppelin air raids were conducted on London, 7 were killed and 35 were injured. September 8th 1915 was their most successful air raid. This single raid cost more than half a million pounds of damage. Most of this damage was caused by a single zeppelin, the L13 which managed to bomb central London. However, while the L13 was returning back to Germany on the 6-7 of June 1915, Lieutenant Rex Warneford Flying a Morane-Saulnier was on a bombing mission against the Zeppelin sheds, saw the L13 returning from London. He spotted a zeppelin and attacked it but was warned off by the zeppelin's defensive machine guns. He backed off and raised to an altitude of 3 900 meters over a time span of 2 hours. At this stage, he found himself over the zeppelin and unloaded all of his 6 bombs onto the zeppelins roof. The result of this was a massive fireball since hydrogen which keeps the zeppelin a float is extremely reactive and explosive. The explosion was so aggressive that it even damaged Rex Warneford's monoplane. He had to land in enemy territory and was lucky enough to make sufficient repairs and return home. During the battle of Verdun, 4 zeppelins were lost. 115 Zeppelins were deployed, 53 were destroyed and a further 24 were too damaged to operate. The zeppelins had a 40% loss rate and the cost of constructing the 115 zeppelins were 5 times more than the damage that they have inflicted. Overall ,the zeppelins were a failure to the Germans

Gallipoli Campaign

4/25/1915 - 1/9/1916

The Start of the Gallipoli campaign marks ANZAC day as we know today. Britain, Australia, New Zealand and France had a total of 568 000 Infantry men while the Ottoman Empire had a smaller army size of 315 000. The Ottoman Empire had the upper hand how ever as the Allied forced had to deploy by boat which put them at a significant disadvantage as the Ottoman Empire were set up in trenched and on higher ground. This made the the Ottoman empire forces extremely had to kill. As a result 220 000 to 252 000 Allied forces were killed and 218 000 to 251 000 ottoman forces killed. The Gallipoli campaign ended with the victory of the Ottoman Empire.

Battle of Verdun

2/21/1916 - 12/18/1916

The Battle of Verdun was a battle between France and Germany in the city of Verdun-sur-Meuse in North-eastern France. A total of 362 000 Frenchmen weer killed while a total of 336 000 Germans were killed. This was the longest and one of the most devastating battles in WW1. Most of these men were killed by artillery fire instead of trench warfare. French defenses at Verdun were weakened as most of its artillery were taken away during 1915. The forts were left with small maintenance crews and some were even for partial destruction. The French had intelligence that the Germans were planning an attack on Verdun and the French high command rushed 2 divisions over to help defend. The French were at a major disadvantage. The French had a total of 34 battalions against 72 German battalions. The french were outgunned in artillery as well. The French had only about 300 guns, mostly 7.5 cm field guns versus 1 400 German guns. Most of the German guns were Heavy artillery, 36 cm in diameter artillery and 41 cm Mortars.

Battle of Somme

7/1/1916 - 11/18/1916

A battle of the United Kingdom and France versus Germany. The battle took place beside Somme river in France. 623 907 Allies were killed while 465 000 Germans were killed. The result an Allied victory with the German Armys withdrawing 40 miles to the Hindenburg line.

Treaty of Versailles is signed

6/28/1919

The trreaty and agrement of peace between Germany and the Allied Powers is signed.

Duration Of WW1

World War 1

7/28/1914 - 11/11/1918

A war between the Allied Powers and the Central Powers. Allied Powers mainly consisted of France, United Kingdom, Italy and the Russain Empire while the Central Powers mainly consisted of Germany, Austro-Hungarain Empire and the Ottoman Emipre