The French Revolution of In France caused The Haitian Revolution of 1791.Many people were dissatisfied with the France, which caused many alliances with friends and enemies breaking out in a 10 year struggle between the people and the government.
The General Assembly of French gathers to consult the issue of equality toward free black and mulatto citizens and their choices, though drawn out over 2 years, caused tempers to flare and fly.
General Assembly in Paris passed an amendment that stated “all the proprietors... ought to be active citizens”. Which excluded the petit blancs(poor white farmers) because most of them did not own property, causing anger against the free persons of color because most of them owned property but only a few free blacks and mulattoes were chosen.
slaves in the North Province created a big conspiracy. Creole slaves made a pact with new African slaves and the Voodoo priest, Boukman led the conspiracy to arm themselves apart from the mulattoes and freedmen to achieve freedom.days later, Slaves and maroons band together at Cape Francois to fight the white troops due to anger at French government for not including all freedmen into the decree of equality.
the Colonial Assembly recognized the citizenship of all free people of color and three days later the decree was revoked and troops were sent to establish order over the Haitian citizens.
After the decree was repealed, the Assembly ordered commissioners to go to Saint-Domingue with 18,000 troops and restore control. In December, 1791, they arrived in Saint-Domingue and their position was weaker because they had 6,000 troops. The commissioners could not bring peace to Saint-Domingue with 6,000 troops. France’s problem was to bring unity between the free people of color and the Caucasians against the slaves. On April, 4, 1 the free people of color were given citizenship.
Toussaint sent his army to the eastern half of the island and while he was there he assembled a whole island committee and made himself Governor in chief for the rest of his life in 1801. Napoleon sent a many troops to Saint-Domingue who were being led by Charles Leclerc in 1802. Toussaint and his army fought the French troops but Toussaint and his army were defeated and he resigned from governorship. Toussaint's army joined the French and Toussaint was sent to a jail in France.
In August of 1802 Leclerc ordered Toussaint's general, Jean-Jacques Dessalines and other officers to take the rebel slave's weapons but their attempt failed. Black officers that were in the French military had resigned and turned against the French. Rochambeau who was the son of a famous veteran, had started a campaign that focused on anti-racism.
In 1803 France had surrendered on third of the island to the Haitians and in 1804 Dessalines who led the indigenous army, and his generals had proclaimed that Saint-Domingue was now an independent nation and was now called Haiti. When Haiti finally signed a treaty with France in 1825, the major plantations were no longer in use. The Haitian soceity was divided into which were the ex-slaves had now become peasants and administrive, commercial, and military elites who lived in coastal cities.