AP Art History Overview

TIme period

Paleolithic art

30,000 BCE - 4000 BCE

Neolithic Art

8000 BCE - 2000 BCE

Ancient Near East Art

3500 BCE - 331 BCE

Sumerian, Akkadian, Babylonian, Hittite, Assyrian, Persian

Art works layer

Woman or "Venus" of Willendorf

28,000 BCE

Limestone, reproductive organs emphasized. Fertility symbol.

Cylinder seal

3500 BCE

All throughout Ancient near eastern time period. used to seal documents.

Votive figures

2700 BCE

Limestone, Alabaster, gypsum. Different height denoting hierarchal scale. hands in prayer gesture. Eyes in awe. Figures represnted mortals.

Standard of Ur

2600 BCE

panel inlayed with shells. limestone. 2 sides: war side and peace side. early ex historical narrative.

Soundbox of Lyre

2600 BCE

Wood with gold inlay. Location: phili. animals take human characteristics.

Stonehenge

2100 BCE

England

Gudea

2100 BCE

Diorite. Louvre, Paris.
sense of calm and peacerfulness. expensive stone. Gudea was ruller of Gudea.

Ziggurat

2100 BCE

Ur, Iraq. mud brick building.whitewashed and tapers down for water wash off. resembles mountain.

Stele of Hammurabi

1780 BCE

Basalt. Louvre. One of earliest law codes. 300 law codes given to Hammurabi from Shamash.

Palace of Sargan 2

720 BCE - 705 BCE

Iraq. made of mud brick. contains ziggurats. high walls protect city from attack.

Lamassu

700 BCE

limestone. human headed guardian figure. winged. 5 legs. ward off enemies. harmony and stability.

Ishtar Gate

575 BCE

Glazed brick, gates protect city.