European History

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Renaissance

1350 - 1550

Scientific Revolution

1500 - 1700

Reformation

1500 - 1600

European Expansion: Mercantilism, Colonialism, Columbian Exchange

1500 - 1800

Catholic Counter-Reformation

1550 - 1600

State-Building: Absolutism (Louis XIV), English Constitutional Monarchy

1600 - 1700

Enlightenment

1700 - 1800

"18th Century" - Enlightened Absolutism, International Wars, Social Change

1715 - 1789
  • 1715 was the end of the reign of Louis XIV
  • 1789 was the start of the French Revolution

Industrial Revolution

1750 - 1850

French Revolution

1789 - 1799

Age of Napoleon

1799 - 1815

Conservative Order: Metternich, then Bismarck

1815 - 1890

Revolution (1930s, 1948) and Reform

1830 - 1850

Nationalism: Unification of Germany and Italy

1850 - 1871

"Age of Progress" - Mass Society

1871 - 1894

Modernity, Anxiety, Imperialism

1894 - 1914

World War I

1914 - 1919

Inter-War Period

1919 - 1939

World War II

1939

Cold War

1945 - 1970

Post-Cold War and Modern Day

1970 - 2013

Britain

Spain

France

Artistic/Intellectual Movements

Mannerism

1520 - 1580

Baroque Period

1580 - 1720

Neoclassicism

1600 - 1790

Rococo

1730 - 1800

Romanticism

1800 - 1850

Realism

1850 - 1870

Impressionism

1870 - 1890

Naturalism

1880 - 1900

Post-Impressionism

1880 - 1900

Cubism/Abstract Movement

1905 - 1914

Surrealism

1920 - 1950

Russia/USSR

Reign of Ivan III

1462 - 1505
  • creation of the principality of Moscow
  • independence from the Mongols by 1480

Reign of Ivan IV The Terrible

1533 - 1584
  • 1st Tsar

Time of Troubles

1598 - 1613
  • Boyar (aristocratic) power
  • anarchy

Reign of the Romanovs

1613 - 1917

Reign of Michael Romanov

1613 - 1645
  • made Tsar by the national assembly (Zemsky Sobor)

Urban Uprisings

1641 - 1648

Schism of the Russian Orthodox Church

1666

Reign of Peter the Great

1682 - 1725
  • Westernization
  • 1722 Table of Ranks: meritocracy
  • police state
  • army reorganization
  • mercantilism
  • reforms undone after death

The Great Northern War

1701 - 1721
  • attack on Sweden with Polish and Danish allies

Reign of Catherine the Great

1762 - 1796

Partitions of Poland

1772 - 1795

Pugachev Rebellion

1773 - 1774
  • resulted in increased repression of peasantry and serfdom

War Against the French (2nd European Coalition - Rus., GB, Aus.)

1799 - 1800

Reign of Alexander I

1801 - 1825

War Against the French (3rd European Coalition - Br., Aus., Rus., Prus.)

1803 - 1807

French Invasion of Russia by Napoleon

1812
  • result of Russian defection from Continental System

Decembrist Revolt

1825

Reign of Nicholas I

1825 - 1855

Crimean War

1854 - 1856

Reign of Alexander II

1855 - 1881

Emancipation Edict

1861

Three Emperors' League (Ger., Aus.-Hung., Rus.)

1873 - 1878

Treaty of San Stefano

1876
  • Bulgaria becomes Russian satellite state

Congress of Berlin

1878
  • humiliation for Russians because Bulgaria is returned to the Ottomans
  • therefore, Russia ends the Three Emperors' League

Reign of Alexander III

1881 - 1894

Sergei Witte, Minister for Finance

1892 - 1906
  • industrialization

Reign of Nicholas II

1894 - 1917

Allies with the French

1894
  • after German William II drops the 1887 Reinsurance Treaty

Defeat in Russo-Japanese War

1905

1905 Revolution

1905
  • January, Bloody Sunday
  • October Manifesto, which created the Duma and civil liberties

Triple Entente (GB, Fr., Rus.)

1907

Nicholas II Undoes Reforms

1907

Bosnian Crisis

1908 - 1909

Balkan Wars

1912 - 1913

The Russian Revolution

1917 - 1921

Lenin's Reign

1917 - 1924

March Revolution

March 1917
  • Tsar abdicates
  • Duma reconvenes to form provisional government

Bolshevik Revolution

November 1917

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

1918

Civil War

1918 - 1921
  • July 1981, Tsar and family murdered

Lenin's NEP

1921

Formal Establishment of the USSR

1922

Stalin's Reign

1924 - 1953

Khruschev's Reign

1953 - 1964

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

Brezhnev's Reign

1964 - 1982

Gorbachev's Reign

1985 - 1991

Commonwealth of Independent States Replaces the USSR

1991