English Civil War

People

James I

1603 - 1625

Succeeded Queen Elizabeth, he was well educated and had 35 years of experience as the king of Scotland. He was kind to the Catholics in England, and this caused anger in the Puritans and the Scots.

Charles I

1629 - 1640

The son of King James I, he tried to govern without parliament and finance the government with emergency taxes that brought the country to a crisis. He was executed in 1640 and the Kingship was abolished.

Oliver Cromwell

1653 - 1658

The head of the army that overthrew Charles I, lead a military dictatorship. He lead with intense social and religious restrictions, and each of the 12 areas of England was individually ruled by a general of Cromwell.

Charles II

1660 - 1685

The eldest son of Charles I, when he came to throne Parliament was restored, and the English monarchy was brought back. There were some scandals in the Rule of Charles II, including Charles taking a lot of money from France to make the Church of England more Catholic and try to make England a more Catholic country.

James II

1685 - 1688

Succeeded his brother Charles II, he tried to prevent the return of Catholic absolutism, and when he came into power the worst anti-Catholic fears were realized, as he provided ample freedoms to all religions.

William and Mary of Orange

1689 - 1702

William and Mary took the power of King and Queen of England after James II and his queen lost power. Them coming to power was known as the Glorious Revolution.

Events

Parliament Dismissed from government

1629 - 1630

King Charles I tried to rule the government by himself so he dismissed the Parliament from having political power.

Triennial Act

1641 - 1642

This act stated that the King would have to meet with Parliament every three years. Charles accepted this act because he was scared that the Scots would uproar and revolt.

English Civil War

1642 - 1647

The war was Charles, the nobility, house of lords, and most peasants (Royalists) vs. Oliver Cromwell, Puritans, House of Commons, gentry, and the merchant class (Parliament). Oliver Cromwell and his army called the Proctorate was successful in 1647 as they captured Charles, only to behead him 2 years later.

The Restoration

1660 - 1661

Charles II took power and restored the English Monarchy as well as he brought Parliament back into play.

Test Act

1673 - 1674

The Test Act set restrictions socially and religiously upon the people who did not follow the Church of England.

Glorious Revolution

1688 - 1689

James II was peacefully forced to leave office, and William and Mary took control of the Monarchy.

Bill of Rights

1689 - 1690

The Bill of Rights provided religious tolerance, stated that the Throne was to always be controlled by a Protestant, said that the King could not raise an army without the consent of the Parliament, and the laws were to be made by Parliament.