Art History


Sumerian Art

3500 BCE - 2000 BCE

Ziggurat at Ur
Warka Vase
Standard of Ur
Bull-Head Lyre- heraldic composition
Eunuch of Mari
Eshnunna Statuettes

Cycladic Art

2700 BCE - 2300 BCE

Figurines lie on backs
Men play musical instruments

Egyptian Old Kingdom

2600 BCE - 2100 BCE

Palette of King Narmer
Great Pyramids
Ti Hunting Hippopotami
Statue of Khafre
Menkaure and his Wife
Stepped Pyramid of Djoser- Imhotep

Akkadian Art

2300 BCE - 2200 BCE

Victory Stele of Naram-Sin
Head of an Akkadian Ruler

Egyptian Middle Kingdom

2100 BCE - 1600 BCE

Rock cut tombs at Beni Hasan

Minoan Art

1800 BCE - 1300 BCE

Pinched waists
Palace at Knossos
La Parisienne
Bull-Leaping at Knossos
Harvester Vase

Babylonian Art

1792 BCE - 1750 BCE

Ishtar Gate
Stele of Hammurabi


1600 BCE - 1200 BCE

Lion Gate

Egyptian New Kingdom

1600 BCE - 1000 BCE

Akhenaton, Nefertiti, and three daughters
Temple of Ramses II
Scroll of Hu-Nefer

Mycenaean Art

1400 BCE - 1200 BCE

Corbelled arches
Cyclopean masonry
Lion Gate

Assyrian Art

1000 BCE - 600 BCE

Citadel of Sargon II


1000 BCE - 270 BCE

Sarcophagus of Man and Wife
Apollo of Veii
Tomb at Cerveteri
Tomb of The Leopards
Capitoline Wolf

Greek Geometric

900 BCE - 700 BCE

Hero and Centaur

Greek Orientalizing

700 BCE - 600 BCE

Mantiklos Apollo
Corinthian black-figure amphora- Exekias
Ajax and Achilles Playing Dice
Lady of Auxerre


612 BCE - 539 BCE


600 BCE - 300 BCE

Palace of Xerxes and Darius

Greek Archaic

600 BCE - 500 BCE

Dying Warrior- Temple of Aphaia
Calf-Bearer- Chiastic balance
Peplos Kore
Temple of Hera I

Roman Republican

500 BCE - 27 BCE

Head of a Roman Patrician- Veristic
Temple of Fortuna Virilis
Portrait of a Roman General
House of the Vetii
Different styles of wall painting
Gardenscape- Villa of Livia

Greek Early Classical

500 BCE - 400 BCE

Polykleitos- Doryphoros
Kritios Boy
Riace Bronzes
Zeus (or Poseidon)
Diskobolos- Myron
Erechtheion- Caryatids

Greek High/Late Classical

400 BCE - 323 BCE

Polykleitos- Hermes and Infant Dionysus, Aphrodite of Knidos
Lysippos- Weary Herakles, Scraper (Apoxyomenos)
Tholos- Delphi

Greek Hellenistic

323 BCE - 30 BCE

Seated Boxer
Old Market Woman
Dying Gaul
Nike of Samothrace
Venus de Milo
Aphrodite, Eros, and Pan
Barberini Faun
Laocoon and His Sons- Athenadorus, Polydoros, and Hagesandros

Early and High Roman Empire

27 BCE - 192 CE

Augustus of Primaporta
Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius
Ara Pacis Augustae
Flavian Amphitheater
Arch of Titus
Arch of Trajan
Column of Trajan
Portrait Bust of Livia
Maison Carree, Nimes, France
Hadrian's Villa

Late Roman Empire

192 CE - 410 CE

Arch of Constantine
Baths of Caracalla
Aula Palatina
Painted Portrait of Septimius Severus and Family
Portrait of Caracalla

Early Christian

200 - 500

Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus
Christ as the Good Shepherd
Santa Costanza
Synagogue at Dura Europos
Parting of Lot and Abraham
Mausoleum of Galla Placidia
Sant'Apollinare Nuovo

Hiberno Saxon

500 - 800

Lindisfarne Gospels
Book of Durrow- Symbol of St. Matthew
High Cross of Muiredach
Book of Kells- Chi-Rho-Iota page

Early Byzantine

500 - 726

Hagia Sophia
Justinian and His Attendants
San Vitale
Barberini Ivory
Saint Michael the Archangel- Ivory diptych
Saint Apollinaris amid sheep
Monastery of Saint Catherine

Islamic Art

600 - 1500

Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem- Adam buried, Isaac sacrifice, Muhammad ascended
Great Mosque- Damascus, Syria
Umayyad Palace- Mshatta, Jordan
Malwiya Minaret- Great Mosque, Iraq
Great Mosque, Cordoba, Spain
Muqarnas Dome- Alhambra, Spain
Mosque of Selim II, Edirne, Turkey


700 - 1100

Animal Head Post from Oseberg
Purse Cover from Sutton Hoo- Cloisonne


700 - 900

Palatine Chapel
Carolingian Ruler
Ebbo Gospels
Utrecht Psalter
Coronation Gospels
Lindau Gospels


723 - 843

Middle Byzantine

843 - 1200

Virgin and Child Enthroned
Saint Mark's Basilica, Venice
Theotokos and Child
Harbaville Triptych
Lamentation Over the Dead Christ
David Composing Psalms
Vladimir Virgin


900 - 1100

Church of Saint Cyriakus
Bishop Bernward's Doors- Hildesheim, Germany
Gero Crucifix
Uta Codex


1000 - 1200

Saint-Etienne at Vignory
Durham Cathedral
Saint Philibert, Tournus
Saint Sernin, Toulouse
Speyer Cathedral, Germany
Sant'Ambrogio, Milan
Saint-Etienne, Caen
Pisa Cathedral Complex
Christ in Majesty- Bernardus Gelduinus
Creation and Temptation of Adam and Eve- Wiligelmo
Last Judgment, Autun- Gislebertus
Morgan Madonna
Vision of Hildegard
Bayeux Tapestry

Early Gothic

1140 - 1194

Chartres Cathedral
Royal Portal
Laon Cathedral
Notre Dame- Ile de la Cite

High Gothic

1194 - 1300

Amiens Cathedral
Reims Cathedral
Beau Dieu
Virgin of Paris
Salisbury Cathedral
Villard de Honnecourt
Blanche of Castile
Cologne Cathedral
Death of the Virgin
Ekkehard and Uta
Rottgen Pieta

Late Byzantine

1200 - 1450

Church of Saint Catherine, Thessaloniki
Annunciation- Church of Saint Clement
Three Angels- Andrei Rublyev

Italian Gothic

1250 - 1400

Orvieto Cathedral
Doge's Palace, Venice
Milan Cathedral
Maniera Greca
Pulpit of Pisa Cathedral- Nicola Pisano
Annunciation and Nativity- Giovanni Pisano
Cimabue- Madonna Enthroned with Angels and Prophets
Giotto- Madonna Enthroned, Lamentation from Arena Chapel
Duccio- Virgin and Child Enthroned with Saints, Maesta altarpiece
Annunciation- Simone Martini- International Gothic style
Birth of the Virgin- Pietro Lorenzetti
Peaceful City/Peaceful Country- Ambrogio Lorenzetti
Florence Cathedral- Arnolfo di Cambio
Florence Cathedral Campanile- Giotto

Late Gothic/Flamboyant

1300 - 1400

Saint Maclou

Northern Early Renaissance

1400 - 1500

Book of Hours- Limbourg Brothers
Well of Moses- Claus Sluter
Rogier Van Der Weyden- Deposition, Portrait of A Lady
Dirk Bouts- Last Supper
Merode Altarpiece- Robert Campin, Master of Flemalle
Jan Van Eyck- Ghent Altarpiece, Man in A Red Turban, Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride
Garden of Earthly Delights- Hieronymus Bosch
Saint Anthony Tortured By Demons- Schongauer

Italian Early Renaissance

1400 - 1500

Filippo Brunelleschi- Sacrifice of Isaac, Dome of Florence Cathedral, Pazzi Chapel,
Ghiberti- Sacrifice of Isaac, Gates of Paradise,
Donatello- Feast of Herod, Gattamelata
Nanni di Banco- Four crowned saints
Gentile da Fabriano- Adoration of the Magi
Masaccio- Tribute Money, Expulsion of Adam and Eve from Heaven, Holy Trinity
Michelozzo- Palazzo Medici-Riccardi
Battle of San Romano- Paolo Uccello
Verrocchio- David
Pollaiuolo- Hercules and Antaeus, Battle of the Ten Nudes
Botticelli- Birth of Venus, Portrait of a Youth
Ghirlandaio- Giovanna Tornabuoni, Birth of the Virgin
Leon Battista Alberti- Palazzo Rucellai, Santa Maria Novella
Annunciation- Fra Angelico
Andrea del Castagno- Last Supper
Madonna and Child with Angels- Fra Filippo Lippi
Madonna and Child- Luca della Robia- terra cotta
Perugino- Christ Delivering the Keys
Mantegna- Dead Christ
Damned Cast Into Hell- Luca Signorelli

High Renaissance

1495 - 1520

Leonardo Da Vinci- Madonna of The Rocks, The Last Supper, Mona Lisa- sfumato
Raphael- School of Athens, Marriage of the Virgin, Madonna in the Meadow, Galatea
Michelangelo- Sistine Chapel, Last Judgment, David, Moses, Pieta, Bound Slave, Creation of Adam, Campidoglio, Saint Peter's Basilica
Venetian Art- Bellini, Castelfranco,
Titian- Venus of Urbino, Madonna of the Pesaro Family, Meeting of Bacchus and Ariadne, Assumption of the Virgin, Isabella d'Este
Perugino- Delivery of the Keys
Masaccio- Expulsion from the Garden of Eden
Tempietto- Bramante
Palazzo Farnese- Antonio da Sangallo

Perpendicular Gothic

1500 - 1550

Northern Renaissance

1500 - 1600

Grunewald- Isenheim Altarpiece
Hans Holbein the Younger
Caterina von Hemessin
Pieter Bruegel the Elder
El Greco


1520 - 1600

Parmigianino- Madonna With the Long Neck
Jacopo di Pontormo- Descent from the Cross
Bronzino- Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time; Portrait of a Young Man
Sofonisba Anguissola- Portrait of the Artists' Siblings
Bologna- Abduction of Sabine Women
Tintoretto- Last Supper
Villa Rotonda- Andrea Palladio
San Giorgio Maggiore- Andrea Palladio


1600 - 1700

Bernini- Baldacchino, St. Peter's Plaza, Ecstasy of St. Theresa, David
Maderno- Facade of Saint Peter's
Caravaggio- Conversion of St. Paul, Calling of Saint Matthew, Entombment
Artemisia Gentileschi- Judith Slaying Holofernes
Annibale Carracci- Flight Into Egypt
Velazquez- Water Carrier of Seville, Las Meninas, King Philip IV
Peter Paul Rubens- Elevation of the Cross, Arrival of Marie de Medici
Honthorst- Supper Party
Franz Hals- Archers of Saint Hadrian
Rembrandt- Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp, Self-Portrait
Judith Leyster- Self-Portrait
Vermeer- The Letter, Girl With the Pearl Earring, Allegory of the Art of Painting
Poussin- Et In Arcadia Ego, Burial of Phocion
Georges de la Tour- Adoration of the Shepherds
Hyacinthe Rigaud- Louis XIV


1700 - 1750

Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun- Self-Portrait, Marie Antoinette
Antoine Watteau- fete galante, Return From Cythera, L'Indifferent
Fragonard- The Swing
Boucher- Cupid A Captive
Hogarth- Marriage a la Mode, the Breakfast Scene
Reynolds- Heathfield
Gainsborough- Mrs. Richard Brinsley Sheridan
Copley- Paul Revere


1750 - 1815

Angelica Kauffmann- Cornelia Presenting Her Children as Treasures
Jacques-Louis David- Death of Marat, Oath of the Horatii, Coronation of Napoleon, Death of Socrates
Thomas Jefferson- Monticello
Chiswick House- Lord Burlington, William Kent


1789 - 1848

Gericault- Raft of the Medusa, Insane Woman,
Turner- Slave Ship
Delacroix- Death of Sardanopalus, Liberty Leading The People
Thomas Cole- Oxbow
John Constable- The Hay Wain
Francisco de Goya- Third of May, 1808; The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters, Saturn Devouring One of His Children
Ingres- Apotheosis of Homer, Grande Odalisque
Houses of Parliament- Barry and Pugin
Timothy O'Sullivan- A Harvest of Death


1848 - 1860

Courbet- Stone Breakers, Burial at Ornan,
Millet- The Gleaners
Eakins- The Gross Clinic
Homer- The Veteran in a New Field
Honore Daumier- Prints, Third Class Carriage, Rue Transnonain
Manet- Luncheon on the Grass, Olympia
Marie-Rosalie Bonheur- The Horse Fair
Bougereau- Nymph and Satyr
Eadweard Muybridge- Horse Galloping
John Singer Sargent- Daughters of Edward Darley Boit
Henry Ossawa Tanner- The Thankful Poor

Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood

1850 - 1860

Millais- Death of Ophelia
Dante Gabriel Rossetti- Beata Beatrix
Gertrude Kasebier- Blessed Art Thou Among Women


1870 - 1885

Monet- Impression: Sunrise, Rouen Cathedral, Poplars, Haystacks, Water Lilies, Saint-Lazare Train Station
Renoir- Le Moulin de La Galette
Manet- A Bar at the Folies-Bergere
Degas- Ballet Rehearsal, The Tub
Mary Cassatt- The Bath
Gustave Caillebotte- Paris, A Rainy Day
Berthe Morisot- Villa at the Seaside
Whistler- Nocturne in Black and Gold


1885 - 1895

Paul Gauguin- The Vision After the Sermon, Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? , Tahiti,
Georges Seurat- A Sunday on La Grande Jatte, color theory
Vincent Van Gogh- Starry Night, The Night Cafe,
Paul Cezanne- Mont Saint-Victoire, Basket of Apples

Art Nouveau

1890 - 1914

Antonio Gaudi- Casa Mila, Sagrada Familia
Gustav Klimt- The Kiss
Eiffel Tower
The Breakers- Richard Morris Hunt


1890 - 1900

Edvard Munch- The Scream
Henri Rousseau- Gypsy Sleeping
Pierre Puvis de Chavannes- The Sacred Grove
Jupiter and Semele- Gustave Moreau
The Cyclops- Odilon Redon

Prairie Style

1900 - 1917

Frank Lloyd Wright- Robie House


1905 - 1910

Henri Matisse- Woman With Hat, Red Room
Andre Derain- Waterloo Bridge


1905 - 1930

Max Beckmann
Stuart Davis

Die Brucke

1905 - 1910

Ernst Kirchner- Street, Dresden


1907 - 1930

Pablo Picasso- Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, Guitar, Still Life With Chair-Caning
Georges Braque- The Portuguese; Bottle, Newspaper, Pipe, and Glass
Robert DeLaunay- Champs de Mars
Aleksandr Archipenko- Woman Combing Her Hair


1909 - 1914

Umberto Boccioni- Continuity of Forms in Space
Giacomo Balla- Dynamism of a Dog on A Leash
Gino Severini- Armored Train


1910 - 1929

Giorgio diChirico

Der Blaue Reiter

1911 - 1915

Franz Marc- Death of the Animals
Vassily Kandinsky


1913 - 1929

Kazimir Malevich- Airplane Flying


1914 - 1929



1916 - 1925

Marcel Duchamp- Fountain, Nude Descending the Staircase
Hannah Hoch- Cut With the Kitchen Knife
Meret Oppenheim- Object
Jean Arp- Dropped papers


1917 - 1939

Piet Mondrian


1919 - 1933

Walter Gropius

Mexican Muralists

1920 - 1939


1920 - 1929

Georgia O'Keefe

International Style

1920 - 1939

Le Corbusier- Villa Savoye

Art Deco

1920 - 1939

William Van Alen- Chrysler Building


1924 - 1939

Rene Magrite
Salvador Dali- The Persistence of Memory
Frida Kahlo- The Two Fridas


1927 - 1939

Frank Lloyd Wright- Fallingwater


1929 - 1939

Dorothea Lange

Abstract Expressionism

1948 - 1959

Jackson Pollock
Willem de Kooning

Pop Art

1955 - 1965

Andy Warhol
Roy Lichtenstein
Richard Hamilton- What Is It That Makes Today's Homes So Different, So Appealing?
Jasper Johns

Performance Art

1960 - 1969

Op Art

1960 - 1969

Conceptual Art

1960 - 1969


Color Field Painting

1961 - 1969

Mark Rothko

Site Art

1970 - 1990

Robert Smithson- Spiral Jetty
Maya Lin- Vietnam Memorial
Christo and Jeanne-Claude- Surrounded Islands
Tilted Arc- Richard Serra

Feminist Art

1970 - 2013

Cindy Sherman
Judy Chicago


1970 - 1979

Donald Judd
Tony Smith
Louise Nevelson

Postmodern Art

1970 - 2013

Charles Moore- Piazza d'Italia, New Orleans
Philip Johnson, ATT Building
Michael Graves- The Portland Building
Richard Rogers, Renzo Piano- Pompidou Centre for Arts and Culture
Guggenheim Bilbao- Frank Gehry