Age of Revolution

1815-1850

Viva La Revolution

Italy

1820 - 1822

Austria putting down uprisings in Sicily and Piedmont

Spain

1820 - 1826

100,000 French troops crush Spanish opposition to the monarchy

Greece

1821 - 1832

1829: finally gain independence from the Ottoman Empire

Russia

1825 - 1826

Nicholas I, new Russian tsar, crushes revolt by reform-minded army officers

Belgium

1830 - 1831

Belgian patriots rise up against Dutch rulers, win independence, and establish a liberal government.

France

1830 - 1831

Charles X issues the July Ordinances
Rebellion by the bourgeoisie + students + workers
Charles X abdicates
Bourgeoisie put more easily manipulated Louis Philippe on the throne (the liberals wanted a republic, but ah well)

Italy

1831 - 1832

Austrian troops crush Italian revolutionaries inspired by the Polish uprising

Russia

1831 - 1832

Polish army officers + students + intellectuals rise up against Russia
They're crushed

Britain

1832 - 1833

Riots + strikes + demonstrations in Britain
Reform Bill of 1832: extends vote to most of the adult male middle class

France

1848 - 1849

Feb 1848 Louis Philippe bans banquets (reformers' public meetings)
Street demonstrations + revolution
Louis Philippe abdicates
Second Republic of France
June: radical uprising put down by the army
December: Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte sweeps elections

Hapsburg Empire

1848 - 1850

Vienna uprisings
Metternich resigns
Ferdinand I makes reforms and abolishes serfdom
Meanwhile: nationalists in Czech and Hungarian areas
June: military forces bombard Prague
Oct: hit Vienna
1849: aided by the Russians, end the Hungarians' bid for independence

Germany

1848 - 1849

Uprisings in the German states
Liberal reforms
Frankfurt Assembly convenes
Frederick William IV refuses the offered crown, uses military to disperse the Assembly - goes around Germany getting rid of these new parliaments

Italy

1848 - 1850

Risorgimento
Force Pope Pius IX to flee Rome
Force concessions in Naples, Tuscany, and Piedmont-Sardinia
Proclaim republics in Milan and Venice
1849 Austrian troops crush Milan
1849 Louis-Napoleon helps out the pope and retakes Rome