Killed one-half to one-third of Europe's population from 1347 to 1352, and continued to break out for centuries. The last outbreak was Moscow 1771.
by Johannes Gutenburg.
to the Ottoman empire.
Also known as the Babylonian captivity.
A precursor to the Reformation; led by John Wycliffe
Conflict between the Avignon pope and the Roman pope after the
Lorenzo Valla; philology.
The Inquisition was not formally disbanded until 1834, but these were the most active dates of its existence.
Universal truth was merely a name. They had no connection to reality and could not be use to reason from particular observations to general truths. William of Ockham.
Father of Humanism. Created Petrarchan sonnets.
A violent peasant revolt in France. Put down by professional armies.
Wool workers rioted and controlled Florence's government until 1382, when mercenaries took back the city.
Wrote "The Prince".
Split the New World between Spain and Portugal.
A series of conflicts from 1494 to 1559 that involved, at various times, most of the city-states of Italy, the Papal States, most of the major states of Western Europe (France, Spain, the Holy Roman Empire, England, and Scotland) as well as the Ottoman Empire.
Political alliance to control northern trade. Member towns along the Baltic Sea, in Scandinavia and northern Germany.
Wrote "The Divine Comedy".
Wrote "Piers Plowman".
Wrote "The Canterbury Tales".
Notable as a woman poet.
Architect. Designed dome of cathedral of Florence.]
Sculpted "Judith Slaying Holofernes".
1400-1500: creation of a set of cultural values and artistic and literary achievements that defined Renaissance style.
1500-1550: Renaissance ideas travel all through Europe.
Painted "The Expulsion of Adam and Eve" and "The Holy Trinity".
Wrote "On Architecture" and "On the Family". Civic humanism.
Painted "The Birth of Venus" and "Spring".
Renaissance man. Created fresco "The Last Supper", painting "Mona Lisa", drawing "The Vitruvian Man".
Wrote "Oration on the Dignity of Man".
Created sculptures "Pieta" and "David", painted ceiling of Sistine Chapel.
Wrote "The Courtier".