CANADA IN THE 1920s-1930s

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Prohibition

1918

The Prohibition was a campaign that women wanted any sort of liquor banned from their country. This occurred in November 12 1918 where women got furious and forced the government to ban liquor because the grains should be feeding the soldier healthy not using the grains for alcohol. The ladies of Canada got to ban alcohol from their province except for Quebec.

Spanish Flu

1918

The Spanish flu occurred in November 10 1918. After world one finished the deadly virus had spread across the world, which it made 50-100 million people pass away. This virus has started in Spain by soldiers coming home from the trenches with these viruses. 8 million people in Spain had passed away and later on were tracked along the international shipping lanes, from Europe to North America, then to Asia, Africa, Brazil, and south pacific.

Winnipeg General Strike

1919

In May 1 1919 the country of Winnipeg had gone on strike due to works. After the world war one the country of Winnipeg had shut down and made the workers life like hell. Workers were frustrated by unemployment, inflation, and poor working conditions. The country from private to public sectors had come together to shut down or drastically reduce most service. This became the most influential strikes in Canadian history.

Indian Act

1919

In September 2 1919 Aboriginal that were in Canada began to form an organisation so they could help fight for their rights. They kept on being let down, they lost land that was there, and they have no say in anything. The leader of this organisation Frederick loft, which was a veteran from World War 1 had started this organisation. No one in life has been able to speak up and this organisation was the first attempt at a united voice for the aboriginal nations.

The Group of Seven

1920

In May 18 1920 a group of seven men came together to become landscape painters. The groupe of seven were named: Franklin Carmichael, Lawren Harris, A.Y. Jackson, Franz Johnston, Authur Lismer, J.E.H. MacDonald, and Frederick Varley. These seven men came together by becoming inspired by the Montmartre district of Paris.

Branch Plant

1920

January 1 1920, Is an outlet of an international cooperation that has its own cooperation in Canada, but its head office, usually in USA American corporations put branch plants in Canada to avoid paying a high tariff while still making huge profit “Things” were produced in Canada that ensured Canadians were working and therefore paying taxes. However the decisions were made at the house office and profits. Like coca cola (Atlanta) ford (Detroit).

Insulin

1922

On January 11 1922 a doctor named Frederick Banting had come up with a cure that could save many of people’s lives who are diabetic. Late January in Toronto the doctor has finally tried the insulin he created on a 14-year old boy, Leonard Thompson and was successful. This occurred by months of concentration and hard work.

Canadian Chinese Exclusion

1923

The Canadian Chinese Exclusion occurred in 1923- 1967. Canada had passed a law which effected Chinese citizens by not allowing them to migrate to Canada for almost a quarter of a century. To the Chinese citizens it was known for a “Humiliation day.” After a 20 year difference the numbers had dropped tremendously from 46,500 - 32,500 people. By 1967 the Chinese Canadian had the right to vote in the Canadian feral elections.

Person’s case

1926

In 1926 women finally had the rights to vote and got to participate in work forces. Women generally worked as secretaries, sales clerks, factory workers, teachers, or nurses. During this time it was really ruff due to women trying really hard to save and change the laws so it could benefit them and that they can be more apart of society. This occurred in Alberta.

Emily Murphy

1926

Emily Murphy was the first one in 1926 to become a female police magistrate in the entire British Empire. Also in 1911 Murphy helped pass a law that wife’s are allowed one-third of her husband’s property. Emily is a strong independent lady. She passed away on October 27, 1933.

Five-cent speech

1930

During the time period in 1930 the king had said a speech about the social welfare was the responsibility of individual provinces. Lastly the king also said that he wouldn’t give out a “five-cent piece” to any province that did not have a liberal government in charge for them. This was one of the reasons why Mackenzie the king lost his place (election).

Statute of Westminster

1931

In December 11 1931 this was the last of the imperial acts of the parliament of Great Britain applicable to all the Dominions. Which allowed all of Canada, Newfoundland, New Zealand, Australia, the Union of South Africa and the Irish the free state of independence? This was important because this made the effective legislative independence of the countries.

Dust Bowl

1931

In 1931- 1939 the dust bowl had hit hard first Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, etc. this was a terrible storm that little boys and girls had to always wear masks to and from school and even inside their homes. This affected everyone in the areas of Texas, etc.

On-To-Ottawa Trek

1935

In June 3 1935 in Vancouver and BC a group of unemployed men came together and began to protest the dismal conditions in federal camps scattered in remote areas in the western part of the Canada. The strikers had figured that nothing will happen so after two months of protesting in Vancouver and BC they traveled east to complain to the Federal government.

New Deal

1935

In January 18 1935 Bennett had introduced a deal to satisfy and to calm the Canadian citizens. In Bennett’s New Deal he wanted to start unemployment, social insurance, and to control organisations so that they won’t produce anything that could make an unfair profit towards other organisations. This came into play when the king and the liberals came back into power in a landslide victory. Bennett did this so that he will be able to beat the conservatives and be back into his spot that was before.