Timeline of U.S. History to the Civil War

Main

John Smith founds Jamestown Settlement

1607

The Virginia Colony Introduces Slavery

1619

Mayflower Compact Signed

1620

Massachusetts Bay Colony Founded

1628

Anne Hutchinson is Tried for Heresy, Banished from MA

1636

Massachusetts Legalizes Slavery

1641

Virginia Enacts Hereditary Slave Law

1662

If you were born to a slave, you inherit your mother's slave status.

Bacon's Rebellion

1676

Salem Witch Trials

1692

The Virginia Slave Code Enacted

1705

Any non-Christian servants entering colony become slaves, slaves are defined as real estate, and there are narrow restrictions placed on slave behavior.

The First Great Awakening

1732

Georgia Overturns Slavery Ban

1749

French and Indian War Begins

1754

French and Indian War Formally Ends

1763

Boston Tea Party

1773

"Daughters of Liberty" Founded

1773

Slaves in MA Unsuccessfully Petition for Freedom

1773

NC Women Call for Boycott of British Goods

1774

Second Continental Congress Approves the Declaration of Independence

1776

Mum Bett Successfully Sues Her Master for Freedom (MA)

1781

Articles of Confederation Ratified

March 1781

British Surrender At Yorktown

October 1781

The Treaty of Paris Officially Ends the American Revolution

1783

Northwest Ordinance Forbids Slavery in Northwest Territory

1787

(except for criminal punishment)

U.S Constitution Ratified

1789

George Washington Inaugurated

1789

Judith Sargent Murray Pubilshes "On the Equality of the Sexes"

1790

Fugitive Slave Law Passed

1793

Marbury v. Madison

1803

First instance of the Supreme Court declaring a law unconstitutional

Thomas Jefferson Purchases the Louisiana Territory from Emperor Napoleon

1803

New Jersey Abolishes Slavery

1804

War of 1812

1812

MCulloch v. Maryland

1819

Upheld Congress' right to create the Bank of the United states, established Congress' "implied" powers and set a precedent for the ability to loosely interpret the Constitution.

Missouri Compromise Passed

1820

Emma Willard Founds the Troy Women's Seminary

1821

Second Great Awakening

1830

Nat Turner Leads Slave Rebellion in Virginia

1831

American Anti-Slavery Society Founded

1833

The American Female Reform Society Founded

1834

The Factory Girls Association Strikes at Lowell, MA

1834

Mount Holyoke Established as First Women's College

1837

Oberlin is Founded as First Coeducational College

1837

First National Anti-Slavery Society Conference Held in New York

1837

Prigg v. Pennsylvania

1842

The Supreme Court upholds the Fugitive Slave Act as constitutional.

Female Labor Reform Society Founded in Lowell, MA

1845

Seneca Falls Convention, "Declaration of Sentiments" Written

1848

Compromise of 1850 Passed

1850

Female Medical College of Pennsylvania Founded

1850

Petition for Suffrage/ Marriage Rights Presented to NY Legislature

1854

by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony. It had 10,000 signatures

Kansas-Nebraska Act Passed

1854

Dred Scott v. Sandford

1857

Abraham Lincoln Elected President

November 1860

South Carolina Secedes from the Union

December 1860

The Battle of Fort Sumter begins the Civil War

January 1861