World Prehistory

Main

Time Periods

Upper Paleolithic

50000 BC - 15000 BC

Aurignacian

40000 bc - 28000 bc

Gravettian

28000 bc - 22000 bc

Solutrean

22000 bc - 17000 bc

Magdalenian

17000 bc - 10000 bc

End of Ice Age

Mesolithic

15000 BC - 8000 BC

Neolithic

8000 bc - 2000 bc

Bronze Age

3700 BC - 1000 BC

IDs

Chauvet Cave

30000 bc

Last Glacial Maximum

20000 bc

Lascaux Cave

18000 bc

Dordogne, France
Hall of Bulls

Altamira Cave

15000 bc

Northern Spain

Göbekli Tepe

10000 BC

located in modern Turkey
means "potbelly hill"
first temples

Jericho

9600 BC

Natufian village that turned into city

Animal Domestication

9000 BC

cows in Syria or Turkey
goats and sheep were first to be domesticated
pigs domesticated 500 yrs. later

Star Carr

8500 bc

famous Mesolithic site near York, England

Câtal Huyuk

8000 BC

located in modern Turkey
one of the first agricultural villages

Wheat Domestication

7000 BC

Zagros Mountains, Iraq

New Grange

5200 BC

tumulus in Ireland
passage mound

Hal-Saflieni

4000 bc - 2500 bc

hypogeum at Malta

Ötzi Iceman

3300 bc

Otztaler Mountains, Switzerland

Stonehenge

1800 BC

Salisbury Plain, England

Temple of Artemis

625 bc - 550 bc

at Ephesus (modern day Turkey)

Hanging Gardens at Babylon

580 bc

Zeus at Olympia

435 BC

sculptor= Phidias

Mausoleum at Halicarnassus

345 bc

built upon his death by his sister-wife
tumbled in 1200s by earthquake

Colossus at Rhodes

290 bc

Egypt

Merimden

5000 BC

pre-dynastic people in Egypt

Badari

4500 BC

pre-dynastic people in Egypt

Naqada

4000 bc

pre-dynastic people in Egypt
shift from hunter gatherers to agriculture

Egyptian Archaic Period

3200 BC - 2700 bc

Dynasties 0-2
Narmer unites the upper and lower kingdoms

Old Kingdom

2700 bc - 2200 bc

Dynasties 3-6

Djoser

2600 bc

stepped pyramid

Sphinx at Giza

2550 bc

Khafre

Pyramids at Giza

2550 bc

Khufu
Khafre
Menkaure

New Kingdom

1600 bc - 1100 bc

Dynasties 18-19
Thutmose
Hatshepsut- ruled as pharaoh
Akhenaten and Nefertiti
King Tut
Ramses II

Valley of the Kings

1500 bc - 1000 bc

Abu Simbel

1200 bc

tomb built by Ramses II
statues of favorite wife Nefertari

Cleopatra

400 bc

last pharoah
Ptolemaic dynasty

Natufians

Natufians

10000 BC - 7000 BC

Fertile Crescent- Middle East
Lived in villages of 100-200
hunted and gathered without migrating seasonally

Tell Abu Hureyra

9500 BC - 5500 BC

Significant Natufian site

Mesopotamia

Assyrian Empire

5000 bc - 609 bc

Old 5000-1300 BC
Middle 1300-1000 BC
Neo 1000-609 BC

Uruk

3500 bc

Mesopotamian city
site of White Temple ziggurat

Akkadian Empire

2350 bc - 2160 bc

Dynasty of Ur/Amorites

2100 bc - 1800 bc

Hammurabi's Code

1750 bc

Babylon

Ishtar Gate

575 bc

Babylon

Harrappan

Harappan Civilization

2500 bc - 2000 bc

Indus Valley

Mohenjo Daro

2200 bc

"Mound of the dead"
Harrappan city

Aryan Invasion

2000 bc

end of Harrappan civilization

The Shang

China along the Yellow River

The Shang

2800 bc - 1100 bc

Yao (Sage King)

2350 bc

Shun (Sage King)

2250 bc

Yu (Sage King)

2205 bc

Meso-America

The Olmec

1200 bc - 400 bc

Tuxtla Mountains
"dweller in the land of rubber"

The Maya

300 ad - 900 ad

Belize, Mexico, El Salvador, Guatamala

The Toltec

900 ad - 1224 ad

controlled central Mexico
temple at Chichén Itza

The Aztecs

1100 ad - 1500 ad

Chichén Itza Abandoned

1224 ad

Greece

Cycladic Culture

3000 bc - 2000 bc

Minoans

3000 bc - 1628 bc

Island of Crete

Palace at Knossos

1900 bc

Eruption of Thira

1628 bc

wiped out Minoan Civilization
modern day island of Santorini

Mycenaeans

1500 bc - 1250 bc

Dorian Invasion

1250 bc

Destruction of Troy

1200 bc