-descendent of h. habilis
-larger brow ridges, long and low skull, bigger brain
-Europe, Asia, and Africa: first to leave Africa
in Africa (1.8-.3mya)
-80% skeleton from Lake Turkana: Nariokatome Boy: relatively short arms and long legs, modern stride
-body size increase
-some robust, others gracile, footprints
-canabolism from Ethiopia?
In Asia (1.8-.3 mya)
-4 skulls, many other bones, stone tools
-smaller face jaws, browridges, compared with African erectus
-long legs compared to arms
-Turkey (500,000 ya) massive brow and keel, TB?
-Java: rapid eastward by 1.8 mya
-China and Zhoukoudian: fire
in Europe (1.2-.4 mya)
-Sierra de Atapuerco Spain
-Gran Dolina- canabolism?
-other specimens in England, Germany, Italy