History Timeline


Temujin fights for power


Temujin fought and defeated his rivals one by one in. He unified the Mongols under his power.

Temujin's new name


Temujin becomes known as Genghis khan which means universal ruler of Mongol clans.

Invasion of Jin Empire


Genghis khan led an invasion on the northern Jin Empire

Mongols control Central Asia


After many conquering s by the Mongols, all of Central Asia was under Mongol control.

Genghis khan's death


Genghis Kahn died in 1227 but not from violence. He died from illness, and after his death the Mongols continued to conquer new land and created the largest unified land in empire history.

Mongols divide empire


The Mongols divided their empire into four different regions. They called these regions Khanates.

Marco Polo visits Kublai khan's court

1275 - 1292

Marco Polo traveled by ship to Kublai khan's court. He was the most famous European explorer to visit china.

Mongol attacks on the Japanese fail


The great khan sent fleets of ships to fight the Japanese multiple times. However he did not succeed but nearly did.

Kublai khan's death


Kublai khan died in 1294. After his death the Mongol empire began to fade.


The Mauryan empire begins

321 BC

Chandragupta gathered an army and killed an unpopular ruler. He then took the throne and the Mauryan empire began

North India becomes politically involved

303 BC

Mauryan empire stretched over 2000 miles and north India was politically involved for the first time.

Chandragupta's son takes the throne

301 BC - 269 BC

He ruled for 32 years. He continued to build up the empire.

Asoka assumes the throne

269 BC

Asoka takes the throne and takes the empire to its peak. He is the grandson of Chandragupta.

Asoka dies

232 BC

Asoka dies and the empire begins to fall apart even though his policies were so strong.


185 BC - 315 AD

Outsiders begin to invade northern India and disrupt Indian living.

The great king of kings

320 AD

Chandra Gupta the first gets married. He then accepts the title the great king of kings.

Samudra Gupta becomes king

335 AD

Samudra Gupta becomes king and begins to expand the empire.

Chandra Gupta II

375 AD - 415 AD

Chandra Gupta II becomes emporer.

Chandra Gupta II dies

415 AD

Chandra Gupta II died.

The empire ends

535 AD

Central Asian nomads begin attacking the empire. The empire comes to an end.

Delhi destroyed


Timour the lame destroyed Delhi

Barbur inherits his kingdom


Victory in Delhi


Barbur led 12,000 troops to

Akbar's rule

1556 - 1605

Akbar ruled the Mughals

Mumtaz Muhal dies


In 1631, Mumtaz Mahal died at age 39 while giving birth to her 14th child.

Shah Jahan becomes sick


Shah Jahan became ill and his four sons fraught to gain the throne

Aurangzeb's rule

1658 - 1707


Laura dies of plague


Little is known of Laura except that she died of the plague in 1348

Cosimo de Medica dictator of Florence

1434 - 1464

Cosimo de medica was a dictator of Florence at this time. He did not seek political office for himself.

Leonardo's life

1452 - 1519

Leonardo davinci lived at this time.

Christian scholars flee to rome


Third, Christian scholars in Constantinople fled to Rome with Greek manuscripts when the Turks conquered Constantinople.

Hundred Years' War ends


the destructive Hundred Years’ War between France and England ended in 1453, many cities grew rapidly.

Donatello's statue

1460 - 1470

Donatello’s statue was created in the late 1460s. It was the first European sculpture of a large, free-standing nude since ancient times.

Lorenzo comes to power


Lorenzo de Medici comes to power. He is Cosimo's grandson.

Michelangelo's life

1475 - 1564

Michelangelo Buonarroti lived during this time.

Vitoria's life

1492 - 1547

Vittoria Colonna (1492–1547) was born of a noble family.

Italy launches invasion


In 1494, a French king claimed the throne of Naples in southern Italy and launched an invasion through northern Italy.

The Praise Of Folly


In 1509, Erasmus wrote his most famous work, The Praise of Folly. This book poked fun at greedy merchants, heartsick lovers, quarrelsome scholars, and pompous priests.

The Prince


The Prince (1513) by Niccolò Machiavelli was about the imperfect conduct of human beings.



The Courtier


Baldassare Castiglione

Flemish paintings