World History Timeline.

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Mongol 1200

1200

Around 1200, a Mongol clan leader named Temujin sought to unify the Mongols under his leadership. He fought and defeated his rivals one by one.

Mongol 1206

1206

In 1206, Temujin accepted the title Genghis Khan, or “universal ruler” of the Mongol clans. He would lead for 26 years.

Mongol 1211

1211

Genghis Khan first goal was China. After invading the northern Jin Empire in 1211, however, his attention turned to the Islamic region west of Mongolia.

Mongol 1225

1225

By 1225, Central Asia was under Mongol control. Genghis Khan was in control but growing old.

Mongol 1227

1227

In the year 1227 Ghenghjs Khan died. This was his 26th year of his rein.

Mongol 1260

1260

By 1260, the Mongols had divided their huge empire into four regions, or khanates. These were the Khanate of the Great Khan (Mongolia and China), the Khanate of Chagatai (Central Asia), the Ilkhanate (Persia), and the Khanate of the Golden Horde (Russia). A descendant of Genghis ruled each khanate.

Mongol 1275

1275

Marco Polo traveled by caravan on the Silk Roads with his father and uncle, arriving at Kublai Khan’s court around 1275.

Mongol 1281

1281

After conquering China, Kublai Khan tried to extend his rule to Japan. In 1274 and again in 1281, the Great Khan sent huge fleets against Japan. The Mongols forced Koreans to build, sail, and provide provisions for the boats, a costly task that almost ruined Korea. Both times the Japanese turned back the Mongol fleets.

Mongol 1294

1294

In 1294 Kublai Khan died. It was the end of his rein. He was 79.

India

India 321 BC

321 BC

Chandragupta gathered an army, killed the unpopular Nanda king, and in about 321 B.C. claimed the throne. This began the Mauryan Empire.

India 303 BC

303 BC

After several years of fighting, however, Chandragupta defeated Seleucus. By 303 B.C., the Mauryan Empire stretched more than 2,000

India 301 BC

301 BC

In 301 B.C., Chandragupta’s son assumed the throne. He ruled for 32 years. Then Chandragupta’s grandson, Asoka

India 269 BC

269 BC

Asoka became king in 269

India 232 BC

232 BC

Noble as his policies of toleration and nonviolence were, they failed to hold the empire together after Asoka died in 232 B.C.

India 185 BC

185 BC

For 500 years, beginning about
185 B.C., wave after wave of Greeks,
Persians, and Central Asians poured into
northern India.

India 320 AD

320 AD

Chandra Gupta I took the title “Great King of Kings” in A.D. 320. His empire included Magadha and the area north of it, with his power base along the

India 335 AD

335 AD

India 375 AD

375 AD - 415 AD

This allowed the Guptas to engage in profitable trade with the Mediterranean world. Chandra Gupta II also strengthened his empire through peaceful means by negotiating diplomatic and marriage alliances. He ruled from A.D. 375 to 415.

India 415 AD

415 AD

End of Gupta II rule.

India 535 AD

535 AD

Over the next 100 years, the Gupta Empire broke into small king- doms. Many were overrun by the Hunas or other Central Asian nomads. The Empire ended about 535.

India 1398

1398

Delhi is destroyed. Timer the lame is the cause of it. The city was so bad that even a bird didn’t fly in the sky.

India 1494

1494

A new king is born. An 11 year old named Babur inherits the throne. This area is now Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.

India 1526

1526

Babur general. He lead 12,000 soldiers to victory against 100,000 soldiers. This army was commanded by the sultan of Delhi.

India 1556

1556 - 1605

Babur's grandson rules. He ruled with wisdom and tolerance.

India 1631

1631

Mumtaz Mahal dies. She died at age 39 while giving birth. She gave birth to her 14th child.

India 1657

1657

Shah became ill. When he can ill his 4 sons scrambled to the throne. His third son Aurangzeb became throne.

India 1658

1658 - 1707

Aurangzeb rules.

Europe

Europe 1348

1348

They were about a mysterious woman named Laura, who was his ideal. (Little is known of Laura except that she died of the plague in 1348.) In classical Latin, he wrote letters to many important friends.

Europe 1434-1464

1434 - 1464

In 1434, he won control of Florence’s government. He did not seek political office for himself, but influenced members of the ruling council by giving them loans. For 30 years, he was dictator of Florence.

Europe 1452-1519

1452 - 1519

Leonardo da Vinci 1452–1519
Leonardo da Vinci’s notebooks—and life—are mysterious. Some 3,500 pages closely covered with writings and drawings survive. His-writing is clear and easy to read, but only if you look at it in a mirror. No one-knows why he wrote backwards.

Europe 1453

1453

Third, Christian scholars in Constantinople fled to Rome with Greek manu- scripts when the Turks conquered Constantinople in 1453.

Europe 1460's

1460

Donatello (DAHN

Europe 1469

1469

His grandson, Lorenzo de Medici, came to power in 1469. Known as Lorenzo the Magnificent, he ruled as a dictator yet kept up the appearance of having an elected government.

Europe 1475-1564

1475 - 1564

Michelangelo Buonarroti 1475–1564
Like Leonardo, Michelangelo was a Renaissance man.
He excelled as a painter, sculptor, architect, and poet

Europe 1492-1547

1492 - 1547

Yet, some of them had great influence. Vittoria Colonna (1492–1547) was born of a noble family. In 1509, she married the Marquis of Pescara. He spent most of his life away from home on military campaigns.

Europe 1513

1513

The Prince (1513) by Niccolò Machiavelli (MAK

Europe 1528

1528

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