Around 1200, a Mongol clan leader named Temujin sought to unify the Mongols under his leadership. He fought and defeated his rivals one by one.
1206 temujin assumes the name Genghis Kahn this means universal leader
He assumes the position of universal ruler over the Mongol clans that he was ruling over. This helped to unify the empire even more.
1211 Genghis Kahn conquers the northern Jin empire
After invading the northern Jin Empire in 1211, however, his attention turned to the Islamic region west of Mongolia.
1225 centralized Asia is under Mongol control
The Mongols destroyed one city after another—Utrar, Samarkand, Bukhara—and slaughtered many inhabitants.
1227 Genghis Kahn dies of natural illness
His successors continued to expand his empire. In less than 50 years, the Mongols conquered ter- ritory from China to Poland.
1260 the Mongols divide their territory into 4 parts
The four regions were khanates These were the Khanate of the Great Khan (Mongolia and China), the Khanate of Chagatai (Central Asia), the Ilkhanate (Persia), and the Khanate of the Golden Horde (Russia).
1275 Marco Polo begins to travel to different parts of Asia
He traveled by caravan on the Silk Roads with his father and uncle, arriving at Kublai Khan’s court around 1275. Polo had learned several Asian languages in his travels, and Kublai Khan sent him to various Chinese cities on government missions.
1281 kublai Kahn tries to extend his rule to Japan
the Great Khan sent huge fleets into Japan.The Mongols forced Koreans to build, sail, and provide provisions for the boats, a costly task that almost ruined Korea.
1294 kublai Kahn dies and the yuan dynasty fades
After his death, the Yuan Dynasty began to fade. Family members continually argued over who would rule. In one eight-year period, four different khans took the throne.
Chandragupta takes the throne
Chandragupta gathered an army, killed the unpopular Nanda king, and in about 321 B.C. claimed the throne. This began the Mauryan Empire.
The Mauryan empire expands
By 303 B.C., the Mauryan Empire stretched more than 2,000
Chandragupta’s son assumed the throne.
Chandragupta’s son assumed the throne. He ruled for 32 years. Then Chandragupta’s grandson, Asoka
Asoka became king
185 BC - 335
For 500 years, beginning about
185 B.C., wave after wave of Greeks,
Persians, and Central Asians poured into
northern India. These invaders disrupted
Chandra Gupta I
Chandra Gupta I took the title “Great King of Kings” in A.D. 320. His empire included Magadha and the area north of it, with his power base along the
Chandra Gupta II
375 - 415
Chandra Gupta II also strengthened his empire through peaceful means by negotiating diplomatic and marriage alliances. He ruled from A.D. 375 to 415.
Over the next 100 years, the Gupta Empire broke into small king- doms. Many were overrun by the Hunas or other Central Asian nomads. The Empire ended about 535.
Timur the lame destroys Delhi
The city was completely destroyed and the city was later rebuilt
In 1526, for example, he led 12,000
1556 - 1605
Babur’s grandson was called Akbar, which means “Great.” Akbar cer- tainly lived up to his name, ruling India with wisdom and tolerance from 1556 to 1605.
Muntaz Mughal dies
In 1631, Mumtaz Mahal died at age 39 while giving birth to her 14th child.
Shah becomes ill
Jahan became ill in 1657, his four sons scrambled for the throne.