World history

Hunter smith

Main

Ghengis khan unites empire

1200

Around 1200, a Mongol clan leader named Temujin sought to unify the Mongols under his leadership. He fought and defeated his rivals one by one.

1206 temujin assumes the name Genghis Kahn this means universal leader

1206

He assumes the position of universal ruler over the Mongol clans that he was ruling over. This helped to unify the empire even more.

1211 Genghis Kahn conquers the northern Jin empire

1211

After invading the northern Jin Empire in 1211, however, his attention turned to the Islamic region west of Mongolia.

1225 centralized Asia is under Mongol control

1225

The Mongols destroyed one city after another—Utrar, Samarkand, Bukhara—and slaughtered many inhabitants.

1227 Genghis Kahn dies of natural illness

1227

His successors continued to expand his empire. In less than 50 years, the Mongols conquered ter- ritory from China to Poland.

1260 the Mongols divide their territory into 4 parts

1260

The four regions were khanates These were the Khanate of the Great Khan (Mongolia and China), the Khanate of Chagatai (Central Asia), the Ilkhanate (Persia), and the Khanate of the Golden Horde (Russia).

1275 Marco Polo begins to travel to different parts of Asia

1275

He traveled by caravan on the Silk Roads with his father and uncle, arriving at Kublai Khan’s court around 1275. Polo had learned several Asian languages in his travels, and Kublai Khan sent him to various Chinese cities on government missions.

1281 kublai Kahn tries to extend his rule to Japan

1281

the Great Khan sent huge fleets into Japan.The Mongols forced Koreans to build, sail, and provide provisions for the boats, a costly task that almost ruined Korea.

1294 kublai Kahn dies and the yuan dynasty fades

1294

After his death, the Yuan Dynasty began to fade. Family members continually argued over who would rule. In one eight-year period, four different khans took the throne.

India

Chandragupta takes the throne

321 BC

Chandragupta gathered an army, killed the unpopular Nanda king, and in about 321 B.C. claimed the throne. This began the Mauryan Empire.

The Mauryan empire expands

303 BC

By 303 B.C., the Mauryan Empire stretched more than 2,000

Chandragupta’s son assumed the throne.

301 BC

Chandragupta’s son assumed the throne. He ruled for 32 years. Then Chandragupta’s grandson, Asoka

Asoka became king

269 BC

Asoka

232 BC

Asoka dies

Invasions

185 BC - 335

For 500 years, beginning about
185 B.C., wave after wave of Greeks,
Persians, and Central Asians poured into
northern India. These invaders disrupted
Indian society.

Chandra Gupta I

320

Chandra Gupta I took the title “Great King of Kings” in A.D. 320. His empire included Magadha and the area north of it, with his power base along the

Samudra

335

Chandra Gupta II

375 - 415

Chandra Gupta II also strengthened his empire through peaceful means by negotiating diplomatic and marriage alliances. He ruled from A.D. 375 to 415.

The end

535

Over the next 100 years, the Gupta Empire broke into small king- doms. Many were overrun by the Hunas or other Central Asian nomads. The Empire ended about 535.

Timur the lame destroys Delhi

1398

The city was completely destroyed and the city was later rebuilt

Babur inheritance

1494

Babur conquest

1526

In 1526, for example, he led 12,000

Abkur rains

1556 - 1605

Babur’s grandson was called Akbar, which means “Great.” Akbar cer- tainly lived up to his name, ruling India with wisdom and tolerance from 1556 to 1605.

Muntaz Mughal dies

1631

In 1631, Mumtaz Mahal died at age 39 while giving birth to her 14th child.

Shah becomes ill

1657

Jahan became ill in 1657, his four sons scrambled for the throne.

He becomes king

1658 - 1707

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Europe