Around 1200, a Mongol clan leader named Temujin sought to unify the Mongols under his leadership. He fought and defeated his rivals one by one.
He assumes the position of universal ruler over the Mongol clans that he was ruling over. This helped to unify the empire even more.
After invading the northern Jin Empire in 1211, however, his attention turned to the Islamic region west of Mongolia.
The Mongols destroyed one city after another—Utrar, Samarkand, Bukhara—and slaughtered many inhabitants.
His successors continued to expand his empire. In less than 50 years, the Mongols conquered ter- ritory from China to Poland.
The four regions were khanates These were the Khanate of the Great Khan (Mongolia and China), the Khanate of Chagatai (Central Asia), the Ilkhanate (Persia), and the Khanate of the Golden Horde (Russia).
He traveled by caravan on the Silk Roads with his father and uncle, arriving at Kublai Khan’s court around 1275. Polo had learned several Asian languages in his travels, and Kublai Khan sent him to various Chinese cities on government missions.
the Great Khan sent huge fleets into Japan.The Mongols forced Koreans to build, sail, and provide provisions for the boats, a costly task that almost ruined Korea.
After his death, the Yuan Dynasty began to fade. Family members continually argued over who would rule. In one eight-year period, four different khans took the throne.
Chandragupta gathered an army, killed the unpopular Nanda king, and in about 321 B.C. claimed the throne. This began the Mauryan Empire.
By 303 B.C., the Mauryan Empire stretched more than 2,000
Chandragupta’s son assumed the throne. He ruled for 32 years. Then Chandragupta’s grandson, Asoka
For 500 years, beginning about
185 B.C., wave after wave of Greeks,
Persians, and Central Asians poured into
northern India. These invaders disrupted
Chandra Gupta I took the title “Great King of Kings” in A.D. 320. His empire included Magadha and the area north of it, with his power base along the
Chandra Gupta II also strengthened his empire through peaceful means by negotiating diplomatic and marriage alliances. He ruled from A.D. 375 to 415.
Over the next 100 years, the Gupta Empire broke into small king- doms. Many were overrun by the Hunas or other Central Asian nomads. The Empire ended about 535.
The city was completely destroyed and the city was later rebuilt
In 1526, for example, he led 12,000
Babur’s grandson was called Akbar, which means “Great.” Akbar cer- tainly lived up to his name, ruling India with wisdom and tolerance from 1556 to 1605.
In 1631, Mumtaz Mahal died at age 39 while giving birth to her 14th child.
Jahan became ill in 1657, his four sons scrambled for the throne.