History

Mongolia

Temujin

1200 - 1206

A Mongol clan leader named Temujin sought to bring together the Mongols. He fought and defeated his enemies to become leader.

Genghis Khan

1206

Temujin accepted the name "Genghis Khan". This means universal ruler of the Mongols.

Jin Emperor

1211

Genghis Khan invaded the Jin Empire. After this, he began to focus on the Islamic region west of Mongolia.

Central Asia

1225

By this time, most of Central Asia was under the control of the Mongols. They had destroyed one city after another, slaughtering many inhabitants.

Genghis Khan's Death

1227

Genghis Khan died in 1227. He died from illness and not war. His successors continued to expand the empire.

Kublai Khan

1260

The grandson of Genghis Khan, Kublai Khan, accepted the title Great Kahn. He ruled the entire Mongol empire in theory.

Marco Polo

1275

In 1275, Marco Polo traveled the Silk Road. He learned several languages and he was sent on government missions by Kublai Khan. His stories were a success in Europe.

Japan

1281

Great Khan sent huge fleets against Japan. They forced the Koreans to build, sail, and provide provisions for the boats.

Kublai Khan's Death

1294

In 1294, Kublai Khan died. After him, the Yuan Dynasty began to fade. 4 different Khans took a throne in 8 years.

India

Invasions

185

Greeks, Persians, and Central Asians continued to invade northern India. This started in 185 and lasted for 500 years.

Asoka's Death

232

Asoka died in 232. The empire failed to stay together.

Asoka

269

Asoka became king of the Mauryan Empire. At first wage war to expand his empire.

Chandragupta's Grandson

301

Chandragupta's grandson took the throne. He rued for 32 years.

North India

303

The Mauryan Empire stretched more than 2,000 miles. For the first time, north India was politically united.

Chandra Gupta I

320

Chandra Gupta I took the title "Great King of Kings". His empire included Magadha and the area north of it.

Chandragupta

321

In 321, Chandragupta gathered an army, killed the king, and seized the throne. In this way the Mauryan Empire began.

Samudra Gupta

335

Samudra Gupta became king in 335. He expanded through 40 years of conquest.

Chandra Gupta II

375 - 415

Chandragupta ruled from 375 to 415. He strengthened his empire through peaceful means.

The Fall

535

The empire ended in 535. They were overrun by invaders

Timur the Lame

1398

Timur the Lame destroyed Delhi.

Babur

1494

In 1494, Babur inherited a kingdom as an 11-year old boy.

Babur the General

1526

Babur lead 12,000 troops to victory against an army of 100,000 commanded by a sultan of Delhi.

Abkar "Great"

1556 - 1605

Akbar ruled from 1556 to 1605. He ruled with wisdom and tolerance.

Mumtaz Mahal

1631

Mumtaz Mahal died giving birth to her 14th child. She was 39.

Shah Jahan

1657

Shah Jahan became ill and his four sons scrambled for the throne.

Aurangzeb

1658 - 1707

Aurangzeb ruled from 1658 to 1707. He expanded the Mughal holdings to their greatest size.

Europe

Decameron

1348

Giovanni Boccaccio is best known for the Decameron.

Cosimo de Medici

1434 - 1464

Cosimo de Medici was the dictator of Florence for 30 years.

Leonardo da Vinci

1452 - 1519

Leonardo da Vinci was a great Renaissance man.

The Hundreds' Year War

1453

The Hundreds' Year War ended.

Christian Scholars

1453

Christian scholars in Constantinople fled to Rome with Greek manuscripts when the Turks conquered Constantinople in 1453.

Donatello's Statue

1460 - 1469

Donetello's statue was made in the late 1600's.

Lorenzo de Medici

1469

Lorenzo de Medici, also known as Lorenzo the Great, was the grandson of Cosimo de Medici and became dictator in 1469.

Michelangelo Buonarroti

1475 - 1564

Michelangelo Buonarroti was a painter, sculptor, architect, and poet.

Vittoria Colonna

1492 - 1547

Vittoria Colonna was born of a noble family.

A French King

1494

A French king claimed the throne of Naples in southern Italy and launched an invasion through northern Italy.

David

1501 - 1504

David was sculpted by Michelango.

The Mona Lisa

1504 - 1506

Leonardo da Vinci painted The Mona Lisa.

Erasmus

1509

Erasmus wrote The Praise of Folly.

The Prince

1513

Niccolò Machiavelli wrote the Prince.

Utopia

1516

Thomas More wrote Utopia.

The Courtier

1528

Baldassare Castiglione wrote the Courtier which

taught how to become a “Renaissance man”.

Pieter Bruegel the Elder

1550

Flemish painting reached its peak.