A Mongol clan leader named Temujin sought to bring together the Mongols. He fought and defeated his enemies to become leader.
Temujin accepted the name "Genghis Khan". This means universal ruler of the Mongols.
Genghis Khan invaded the Jin Empire. After this, he began to focus on the Islamic region west of Mongolia.
By this time, most of Central Asia was under the control of the Mongols. They had destroyed one city after another, slaughtering many inhabitants.
Genghis Khan died in 1227. He died from illness and not war. His successors continued to expand the empire.
The grandson of Genghis Khan, Kublai Khan, accepted the title Great Kahn. He ruled the entire Mongol empire in theory.
In 1275, Marco Polo traveled the Silk Road. He learned several languages and he was sent on government missions by Kublai Khan. His stories were a success in Europe.
Great Khan sent huge fleets against Japan. They forced the Koreans to build, sail, and provide provisions for the boats.
In 1294, Kublai Khan died. After him, the Yuan Dynasty began to fade. 4 different Khans took a throne in 8 years.
Greeks, Persians, and Central Asians continued to invade northern India. This started in 185 and lasted for 500 years.
Asoka died in 232. The empire failed to stay together.
Asoka became king of the Mauryan Empire. At first wage war to expand his empire.
Chandragupta's grandson took the throne. He rued for 32 years.
The Mauryan Empire stretched more than 2,000 miles. For the first time, north India was politically united.
Chandra Gupta I took the title "Great King of Kings". His empire included Magadha and the area north of it.
In 321, Chandragupta gathered an army, killed the king, and seized the throne. In this way the Mauryan Empire began.
Samudra Gupta became king in 335. He expanded through 40 years of conquest.
Chandragupta ruled from 375 to 415. He strengthened his empire through peaceful means.
The empire ended in 535. They were overrun by invaders
Timur the Lame destroyed Delhi.
In 1494, Babur inherited a kingdom as an 11-year old boy.
Babur lead 12,000 troops to victory against an army of 100,000 commanded by a sultan of Delhi.
Akbar ruled from 1556 to 1605. He ruled with wisdom and tolerance.
Mumtaz Mahal died giving birth to her 14th child. She was 39.
Shah Jahan became ill and his four sons scrambled for the throne.
Aurangzeb ruled from 1658 to 1707. He expanded the Mughal holdings to their greatest size.
Giovanni Boccaccio is best known for the Decameron.
Cosimo de Medici was the dictator of Florence for 30 years.
Leonardo da Vinci was a great Renaissance man.
Christian scholars in Constantinople fled to Rome with Greek manuscripts when the Turks conquered Constantinople in 1453.
The Hundreds' Year War ended.
Donetello's statue was made in the late 1600's.
Lorenzo de Medici, also known as Lorenzo the Great, was the grandson of Cosimo de Medici and became dictator in 1469.
Michelangelo Buonarroti was a painter, sculptor, architect, and poet.
Vittoria Colonna was born of a noble family.
A French king claimed the throne of Naples in southern Italy and launched an invasion through northern Italy.
David was sculpted by Michelango.
Leonardo da Vinci painted The Mona Lisa.
Erasmus wrote The Praise of Folly.
Niccolò Machiavelli wrote the Prince.
Thomas More wrote Utopia.
Baldassare Castiglione wrote the Courtier which
taught how to become a “Renaissance man”.
Flemish painting reached its peak.