History

epoch

Pleistocene epoch

2,586,050 BC - 9,750 BC

lasted from about 2,588,000 to 11,700 years ago
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pleistocene

Holocene epoch

9,750 BC - 1,950 BC

began at the end of the Pleistocene at 11,700 calendar years BP
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holocene

Climate

Messinian Salinity Crisis (MSC)

5960000 bc - 5330000 bc

Last glacial period

108,050 BC - 8,050 BC

Ice Age

110,000 to 10,000 years ago
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Last_glacial_period

Last Glacial Maximum (LGM)

24550 BC - 17050 BC

13,000-10,000 years ago
"12-10 kyr BP" or 15,000 - 10,000 BP
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Last_Glacial_Maximum

Oldest Dryas stadial

17050 BC - 12550 BC

Bølling oscillation interstadial

12550 BC - 12050 BC

Older Dryas stadial

12050 BC - 11750 BC

18,000 and 15,000 BP
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Older_Dryas

Younger Dryas stadial

10,850 BC - 9,550 BC

Big Freeze
Nahanagan Stadial
Loch Lomond Stadial
Greenland Stadial 1 (GS1)
The Younger Dryas (GS1)

12,800 and 11,500 years BP
12.9–11.5 ka BP
The end 11.55 ka BP, occurring at 10 ka BP
11.50 ± 0.05 ka BP — GRIP ice core, Greenland
11.53 + 0.04 − 0.06 ka BP — Kråkenes Lake, western Norway.
11.57 ka BP — Cariaco Basin core, Venezuela
11.57 ka BP — German oak/pine dendrochronology
11.64 ± 0.28 ka BP — GISP2 ice core, Greenland
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Younger_Dryas

Natural disaster

Minoan eruption occured between

1,628 BC - 1,600 BC

Thera eruption
Santorini eruption

1628 BCE
between 1627 BCE and 1600 BCE with a 95% degree of probability
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minoan_eruption

Pre Historic Creatures

Chilotherium

13700000 bc - 3,400,000 bc

P: Chordata C: Mammalia iC: Eutheria O: Perissodactyla sO: CeratomorphasF: Rhinocerotoidea F: Rhinocerotidae G: †Chilotherium
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chilotherium

Megacamelus

10300000 bc - 490000 bc

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Artiodactyla sO: Tylopoda F: Camelidae G: †Megacamelus
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Megacamelus

Macrauchenia

7000000 bc - 10000 bc

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: †Litopterna F: †Macraucheniidae G: †Macrauchenia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Macrauchenia

Mammoth

5000000 bc - 4500 bc

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Proboscidea F: Elephantidae T: Elephantini G: †Mammuthus
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mammoth

Dinofelis

5,000,000 BC - 1,200,000 BC

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Carnivora F: Felidae T: †Metailurini G: †Dinofelis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dinofelis

Homotherium

5000000 bc - 10000 bc

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Carnivora F: Felidae sF: †Machairodontinae T: †Homotherium G: †Homotherium
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homotherium

Woolly rhinoceros

3,598,050 BC - 8,000 BC

0.35–0.01Ma
3.6 million years
8,000 BC
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org
P: Chordata C: Mammalia iC: Eutheria O: Perissodactyla sO: CeratomorphasF: Rhinocerotoidea F: Rhinocerotidae G: †Coelodonta S: †C. antiquitatis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woolly_rhinoceros

Short-faced bear

3000000 bc - 11000 bc

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Carnivora F: Ursidae sF: Tremarctinae T: Tremarctini G: †Arctodus
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Short-faced_bear

Elasmotherium

2,600,000 bc - 50,000 bc

P: Chordata C: Mammalia iC: Eutheria O: Perissodactyla sO: CeratomorphasF: Rhinocerotoidea F: Rhinocerotidae G: †Elasmotherium
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elasmotherium

Smilodon

2,500,000 BC - 10,000 BC

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Carnivora F: Felidae sF: †Machairodontinae T: †Smilodontini G: †Smilodon
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smilodon

Megatherium

2000000 bc - 10000 bc

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Pilosa F: †Megatheriidae G: †Megatherium
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Megatherium

Aurochs

2000000 bc - 1627

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Artiodactyla F: Bovidae sF: Bovinae G: Bos S: †B. primigenius
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurochs

Dire wolf

1800000 bc - 10000 bc

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Carnivora F: Canidae G: Canis S: †C. dirus
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dire_wolf

Armbruster's wolf

1800000 bc - 300000 bc

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Carnivora F: Canidae G: Canis S: †C. armbrusteri
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armbruster%27s_wolf

Irish Elk

400000 bc - 7700 bc

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Artiodactyla F: Cervidae G: †Megaloceros S: †M. giganteus
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irish_Elk

Eurasian cave lion

370000 bc - 12500 bc

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Carnivora F: Felidae G: Panthera S: P. leo sS: †P. l. spelaea
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panthera_leo_spelaea

Woolly rhinoceros

350000 bc - 10000 bc

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Perissodactyla F: Rhinocerotidae G: †Coelodonta S: †C. antiquitatis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woolly_rhinoceros

American lion

340,000 BC - 11,000 BC

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Carnivora F: Felidae G: Panthera S: P. leo sS: †P. l. atrox
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_lion

Cave bear

250000 bc - 27500 bc

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Carnivora F: Ursidae G: Ursus S: †U. spelaeus
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cave_bear

Woolly mammoth

200000 bc - 2000 bc

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Proboscidea F: Elephantidae T: Elephantini G: †Mammuthus S: †M. primigenius
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woolly_mammoth

Moose

126,000 bc - 1950

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Artiodactyla F: Cervidae sF: Capreolinae G: Alces S: A. alces
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moose

Hominid

Apes

35,500,000 bc - 1950

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Primates SF: Hominoidea F: Hominidae
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ape

Hominidae

22,000,000 bc - 1950

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Primates SF: Hominoidea F: Hominidae
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hominidae

Homininae

8,000,000 bc - 1950

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Primates SF: Hominoidea F: Hominidae sF: Homininae
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homininae

Hominini

5,400,000 bc - 1950

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Primates SF: Hominoidea F: Hominidae sF: Homininae T: Hominini
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hominini

Australopithecus afarensis

3,900,000 BC - 2,900,000 BC

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Primates SF: Hominoidea F: Hominidae sF: Homininae T: Hominini sT: †Australopithecina G: †Australopithecus S: †A. afarensis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australopithecus_afarensis

Australopithecine

3,900,000 bc - 1,200,000 bc

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Primates SF: Hominoidea F: Hominidae sF: Homininae T: Hominini sT: †Australopithecina
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australopithecine

Australopithecus

3,900,000 bc - 1,700,000 bc

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Primates SF: Hominoidea F: Hominidae sF: Homininae T: Hominini sT: †Australopithecina G: †Australopithecus
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australopithecus

Australopithecus africanus

3030000 bc - 2040000 bc

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Primates SF: Hominoidea F: Hominidae sF: Homininae T: Hominini sT: †Australopithecina G: †Australopithecus S: †A. africanus
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australopithecus_africanus

Paranthropus

2,700,000 BC - 1,200,000 BC

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Primates SF: Hominoidea F: Hominidae sF: Homininae T: Hominini sT: †Australopithecina G: †Paranthropus
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paranthropus

Homo habilis

2,330,000 BC - 1,400,000 BC

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Primates SF: Hominoidea F: Hominidae sF: Homininae T: Hominini sT: Hominina G: Homo S: †H. habilis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homo_habilis

Homo erectus

1,900,000 BC - 143,000 BC

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Primates SF: Hominoidea F: Hominidae sF: Homininae T: Hominini sT: Hominina G: Homo S: †H. erectus
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homo_erectus

Homo ergaster

1,800,000 BC - 1,300,000 BC

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Primates SF: Hominoidea F: Hominidae sF: Homininae T: Hominini sT: Hominina G: Homo S: †H. ergaster
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homo_ergaster

Homo antecessor

1,200,000 BC - 800,000 BC

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Primates SF: Hominoidea F: Hominidae sF: Homininae T: Hominini sT: Hominina G: Homo S: †H. antecessor
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homo_antecessor

Homo heidelbergensis

600,000 BC - 400,000 BC

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Primates SF: Hominoidea F: Hominidae sF: Homininae T: Hominini sT: Hominina G: Homo S: †H. heidelbergensis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homo_heidelbergensis

Neanderthal

600,000 BC - 32,000 BC

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Primates SF: Hominoidea F: Hominidae sF: Homininae T: Hominini sT: Hominina G: Homo S: †H. neanderthalensis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neanderthal

Human

195,000 BC - 1950 AD

P: Chordata C: Mammalia O: Primates SF: Hominoidea F: Hominidae sF: Homininae T: Hominini sT: Hominina G: Homo S: H. sapiens
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human

Culture

Oldowan industry culture

2,600,000 BC - 1,700,000 BC

Acheulean culture

1,700,000 BC - 100,000 BC

Soanian culture

500,000 bc - 125,000 bc

Clactonian industry culture

400,000 bc - 200,000 bc

Mousterian culture

298050 BC - 28050 BC

300,000 BP and 30,000 BP

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mousterian

Mousteroid culture

80,000 Bc - 50,000 Bc

Aurignacian culture

45,000 BC - 35,000 BC

Baradostian industry culture

36,000 BC - 18,000 bc

Succeeded by the Zarzian industry culture.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baradostian_culture

Châtelperronian culture

35,000 BC - 29,000 BC

Gravettian industry culture

32,000 BC - 22,000 BC

Preceded by the Aurignacian industry culture.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gravettian

Pavlovian industry culture

29,000 BC - 25,000 BC

Considered to be a variant of the Gravettian industry culture.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pavlovian_culture

Solutrean industry culture

20,050 BC - 15,050 BC

22,000 to 17,000 BP
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solutrean

Iberomaurusian culture

20,000 bc - 12,000 bc

Zarzian industry culture

18,000 BC - 8,000 BC

Preceded by the Baradostian industry culture.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zarzian_culture

Magdalenian culture

17,000 BC - 12,000 BC

Hamburg culture

13,500 BC - 11,100 BC

Creswellian culture

13,000 bc - 11,500 bc

Succeeded by the Ahrensburg culture.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Creswellian_culture

Natufian culture

13,000 BC - 9,800 BC

Federmesser culture

12,000 BC - 10,800 BC

Maglemosian culture

9000 BC - 6000 BC

Kongemose culture

6000 BC - 5200 BC

Linearbandkeramik (LBK)

5,600 BC - 4,750 BC

Linear Pottery culture
Linear Band Ware
Linear Ware
Linear Ceramics
Incised Ware culture

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linear_Pottery_culture

Ertebølle culture

5300 BC - 3950 BC

Lengyel culture

5,000 BC - 4,000 BC

Stichbandkeramik (abbr. STK or STbK) (Stroked Pottery culture)

4600 BC - 4400 BC

Middle Danubian culture
Danubian Ib culture of V. Gordon Childe

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stroke-ornamented_ware_culture

Rössener Kultur (Rössen culture)

4,600 BC - 4,300 BC

Chasséen culture

4500 BC - 3500 BC

Michelsberger Kultur (MK) (Michelsberg culture)

4400 BC - 3500 BC

Trichter(-rand-)becherkultur

4300 BC - 2800 BC

Wartbergkultur (Wartberg culture)

3,600 BC - 2,800 BC

Wartberggruppe (Wartberg group)
Kragenflaschenkultur (Collared bottle culture)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wartberg_culture

Ozieri culture

3,200 BC - 2,800 BC

San Michele culture

from c. 3200 to 2800 BC
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ozieri_culture

Seine-Oise-Marne culture (SOM)

3100 BCE - 2000 BCE

Corded Ware culture

2900 BC - 2350 BC

Battle Axe culture
Single Grave culture
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corded_Ware_culture

Catacomb culture

2800 BC - 2200 BC

Glockenbecherkultur (Bell-Beaker culture)

2,800 BC - 1,800 BC

Beaker culture
Beaker people
Beaker folk

ca. 2800 – 1800 BC
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beaker_culture

Unetice culture (A1)

2300 BC - 1950 BC

Únětice culture (A2)

1950 BC - 1700 BC

Nuragic culture

1,800 BC - 100 AD

18th century BC to the 2nd century AD
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuragic_civilization

Tumulus culture

1,600 BC - 1,200 BC

Urnfield culture

1,300 BC - 750 BC

Found in Central Europe. Preceded by the Tumulus culture and succeeded by the Hallstatt culture.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urnfield_culture

Hallstatt culture (Ha A)

1,200 BC - 1,000 BC

Bronze Age Urnfield culture. Found in Central Europe. Preceded by the Urnfield culture and succeeded by the La Tène culture.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hallstatt_culture

Hallstatt culture (Ha B)

1,000 BC - 800 BC

Bronze Age Urnfield culture. Found in Central Europe. Preceded by the Urnfield culture and succeeded by the La Tène culture.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hallstatt_culture

Hallstatt culture (Ha C)

800 BC - 650 BC

Early European Iron Age. Found in Central Europe. The "Hallstatt period" proper. Preceded by the Urnfield culture and succeeded by the La Tène culture.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hallstatt_culture

Hallstatt culture (Ha D)

650 BC - 475 BC

Early European Iron Age. Found in Central Europe. The “Hallstatt period” proper. Preceded by the Urnfield culture and succeeded by the La Tène culture.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hallstatt_culture

La Tène culture

450 BC - 1 BC

Main

Swanscombe Man and associated artifacts

400,000 bc

Homo heidelbergensis
Clactonian industry culture

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swanscombe_Heritage_Park

מערת היונים (Me'arat HaYonim) (Cave of the Pigeons) Mousterian period occupation

250,000 BC - 12,000 BC

Moshe the Neanderthal

60,000 BC

מערת כבארה (Me'arat Kebbara) (Kebara Cave) occupation

58,050 BC - 46,050 BC

60,000 - 48,000 BP
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kebara_Cave

Le Moustier skull

43,050 BC

approximately 45,000 years old
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org

Homo neanderthalensis

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Le_Moustier

http://australianmuseum.net.au/image/Le-Moustier-

Geißenklösterle Aurignacian period occupation

41,050 BC - 30,050 BC

between 43,000 and 32,000 years ago
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gei%C3%9Fenkl%C3%B6sterle

Geißenklösterle flutes made between

41,050 BC - 40,050 BC

42,000 to 43,000
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org

Aurignacian industry culture

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gei%C3%9Fenkl%C3%B6sterle
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleolithic_flutes

Löwenmensch (lion human) (Lion man of the Hohlenstein Stadel) made

38,050 BC

about 40,000 years old
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org

Aurignacian culture industry

Found at Stadel-Höhle im Hohlenstein (Stadel cave in Hohlenstein Mountain)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lion_man_of_the_Hohlenstein_Stadel
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hohlenstein-Stadel

Venus vom Hohle Fels (Venus of Hohle Fels) made between

38,050 BC - 33,050 BC

Venus vom Hohlen Fels
Venus von Schelklingen (Venus of Schelklingen)

dated to between 35,000 and 40,000 years ago
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org

Aurignacian industry culture

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venus_of_Hohle_Fels

Chauvet-Pont-d'Arc Cave cave paintings made between

32,000 bc - 30,000 bc

Věstonická Venuše (Venus of Dolní Věstonice) made between

29,000 BC - 25,000 BC

29,000–25,000 BCE
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org

Gravettian industry culture

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venus_of_Doln%C3%AD_V%C4%9Bstonice

Cosquer Cave Gravettian cave paintings made

27,000 bc

Font-de-Gaume first settled

25,000 BC

Pech Merle Gravettian cave paintings made

25,000 bc

Grotte de Cussac cave paintings, associated artifacts, and remains

25,000 bc

Woman of Willendorf made between

24,000 BC - 22,000 BC

Venus of Willendorf

24,000 and 22,000 BCE
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org

Found near Willendorf, a hamlet of Aggsbach

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venus_of_Willendorf

Petřkovická venuše (Venus of Petřkovice) made

23,000 BC

Landecká venuše

23,000 BCE
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org

Gravettian industry culture

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venus_of_Pet%C5%99kovice

Cosquer Cave Solutrean cave paintings made

19,000 bc

Cave of Altamira Solutrean cave paintings and associated artifacts made

18,500 bc

Bison Licking Insect Bite made between

18,050 BC - 10050 BC

20,000 and 12,000 BP
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org

Magdalenian industry culture

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bison_Licking_Insect_Bite

Font-de-Gaume cave paintings made

17,000 BC

Magdalenian industry culture
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Font-de-Gaume

Cave of Altamira Magdalenean cave paintings and artifacts made between

16,500 bc - 14,000 bc

Pech Merle Magdalenian cave paintings made

16,000 bc

La Marche cave paintings made between

15,000 BCE - 14,000 BCE

The Sorcerer cave painting made

13,000 BC

Les Combarelles cave paintings and associated artifacts made between

13,000 bc - 11,000 bc

Magdalenian industry culture

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Les_Combarelles

Rouffignac Cave paintings made

13,000 bc

Cave of the Trois-Frères cave paintings made

13,000 BC

מערת היונים (Me'arat HaYonim) (Cave of the Pigeons) Natufian period occupation

12,000 BC

Cave of Niaux cave paintings made between

11500 bc - 10500 bc

Eynan/Ain Mallaha inhabited during

10,000 BC - 8,000 BC

Star Carr inhabited during

8770 BC - 8460 BC

Aşıklı Höyük inhabited during

8200 BC - 7400 BC

Howick house occupation

7600 BC - 7500 BC

Howick house constructed

7600 BC

Çatalhöyük (Forked Mound) inhabited during

7500 BC - 5700 BC

Neolithic and Chalcolithic proto-city

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%87atalh%C3%B6y%C3%BCk

Çayönü inhabited during

7200 BC - 6600 BC

7200 BC to 6600 BC
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org

Neolithic settlement
Pre-Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA)
Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (PPNB)
Pottery Neolithic (PN)

Forty kilometres north-west of Diyarbakır, at the foot of the Taurus mountains
38°12′59″N 39°43′35″E

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%87ay%C3%B6n%C3%BC

Atlit Yam inhabited during

6900 BCE - 6300 BCE

6900 BCE to 6300 BCE
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org

Neolithic fishing village
Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (PPNB)
Abandoned after a tsunami

Off the coast of Atlit, Israel
32°42′38.98″N 34°56′6.54″E

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlit_Yam

Massaker von Talheim (Talheim Death Pit) occured

5000 BC

5000 BC
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org

Linearbandkeramik (Linear Pottery culture) on Linearbandkeramik (Linear Pottery culture) violance

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talheim_Death_Pit

Goseck circle constructed

4,900 BC

Bronocice pot made between

3635 BC - 3370 BC

Trichter(-rand-)becherkultur
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bronocice_pot

Tarxien temples constructed between

3,600 BC - 2,500 BC

Mnajdra temples constructed between

3,600 BC - 2,500 BC

Ġgantija temples constructed between

3,600 BC - 2,500 BC

Ħaġar Qim temples constructed between

3,600 BC - 2,500 BC

Alvastra pålbyggnad constructed

3000 BC

Alvastraboplatsen
Alvastra pile-dwelling
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alvastra_pile-dwelling

Dumha na nGiall (Mound of the Hostages) constructed between

3000 BCE - 2500 BCE

Steinkammergrab von Lohra constructed

3000 BC

Khufu's Horizon construction

2,560 BC - 2,540 BC

Also known as the Great Pyramid of Giza, Pyramid of Khufu, or the Pyramid of Cheops.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Pyramid_of_Giza

Dumha na nGiall (Mound of the Hostages) in use

2500 bc - 1600 bc

Šarru-kīnu (Sargon of Akkad)

2,270 BC - 2,215 BC

Akkadian: Šarru-kīnu (the true king / the king is legitimate)
Sargon the Great / the Great King

middle chronology 2334 BC -- 2279 BC
short chronology 2270 BC -- 2215 BC
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sargon_of_Akkad

Leubingen Tumulus constructed

1940 BC

Trundholm sun chariot made between

1,800 BC - 1,600 BC

Nebra sky disk and associated swords made between

1,600 BC - 1,560 BC

1600 - 1560 BC, disk associatively dated.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nebra_sky_disk

Ḫattušili I (Hattusili I)

1,586 BC - 1,556 BC

Labarna / Labarna II
King of Ḫattuša
Man of Kuššara

He reigned ca. 1586–1556 BC (short chronology)
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hattusili_I

Der Goldene Hut von Schifferstadt and associated axes made between

1,400 BC - 1,300 BC

Egtved Girl

1,390 BC - 1,370 BC

1390–1370 BC = dendrochronology
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egtved_Girl

Berliner Goldhut made between

1,200 BC - 800 BC

Goloring constructed between

1,200 BC - 800 BC

1200–800 BCE
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org

Urnfield culture

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goloring

Dunaverney flesh-hook made between

1,050 BC - 900 BC

between 1050 and 900 BC
^ dates from en.wikipedia.org

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dunaverney_flesh-hook

Håga Kurgan (Hågahögen) constructed

1,000 BC

Cône d'Or d'Avanton made between

1,000 BC - 900 BC

Goldblechkegel von Ezelsdorf Buch made between

1,000 BC - 900 BC

Warrior of Hirschlanden Made between

600 BC - 501 BC

Cult Wagon of Strettweg and associated items made

600 BC

Temple of Artemis constructed

550 BC - 540 BC

Hochdorf Chieftain's Grave constructed

530 BC

Temple of Zeus at Olympia constructed

472 BC - 456 BC

Κολοσσός της Ρόδου (Colossus of Rhodes) constructed

292 BC - 280 BC

Amphitheatrum Flavium building

70 AD - 80 AD

Amphitheatrum Flavium also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre or the Colosseum
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colosseum