Canadian History 1920s & 1930s


Spanish Flu

March 1918 - June 1920

Started in Fort Riley, Kansas. In three waves, the Spanish flu spread quickly killing an estimated 50 million to 100 million people around the world. it seemed to target the young and healthy, being practically deadly to 20 to 35 years old

League of Indians


Who: many Aboriginal people created organizations to fight for their rights like Frederick Loft. The Government of Canada took part as well
What: Aboriginals found it hard to keep their culture and have rights as well; were asked to give up identities in order to get their rights and they were also sent to reserves
Where: this organization was formed in Canada
When: organization formed in 1919 by a WW1 Mohawk veteran and the group worked hard through the 20s & 30s

Group of Seven

1920 - 1933

Who: they were a group of Canadian landscape painters that included :
Franklin Carmichael,
Lawren Harris,A.Y.
Jackson, Frank
Johnston,Arthur Lismer,
J. E. H. MacDonald,
&Frederick Varley
What: talented artists joined together & formed a group; they were inspired by the Canadian landscape and they painted many paintings of various Canadian landscapes like nature, rivers, lakes, open land, etc.
Where: Group of Seven formed in Canada and spent most of their time in northern Ontario

Chinese Immigration Act

July 1 1923

Is known in the Chinese Canadian Community as the Chinese Exclusion Act, which was passed by the Parliament of Canada. Immigration from most countries were controlled or restricted in some way, but only the Chinese were completely prohibited from immigrating. The Chinese immigration was already heavily controlled by the Chinese Immigration Act, which imposed a hefty head tax on all immigrants from China.

RCAF - Royal Canadian Air Force

april 1, 1924

Who: Wilfred May was a famous Canadian flier; males in their teens and early 20s were in the air force
What: there were many successful missions performed like when they killed the Red Baron & the missions that the Black Flights flew; 40 % of the RCAF were Canadians Where: organization formed in Canada, but British people were in the group as well
When: on June 1917 the Black Flight shot 10 German planes down & on April. 21, 1918, Captain Roy Brown shot down the Red Baron

Women's right to vote


Where: Newfoundland
What: women were given the right to vote and hold provincial office

King-Byng Affair


Who: Governor General and Prime Minister of Canada
What: the Governor General of Canada, refused a request by his prime minister, William Lyon Mackenzie King, to dissolve parliament and call a general election.

Joseph Armand Bombardier


Joseph-Armand returns to Valcourt in 1926 to open his own garage. His father lends him money, and his family helps build the garage. He's only 19, but his remarkable ability to solve any mechanical problem, whether dealing with cars, bench saws, or agricultural pumps, earns him an outstanding reputation throughout the region. His success allows him to pay back his father's loan by 1929.

Great Depression

1929 - 1939

What:during the beginning of the Great Depression, King made a speech about how social welfare was the responsibility of the provinces. Also declared that he would not give a "five-cent piece" to any province that did not have a Liberal government
Historical Significance: was one of the reasons why Liberals lost the elections and Conservatives too over.Prime Minister Richard Bedford Bennett replaced Mackenzie King.

5-cent Speech


Who: if a Liberal government wasn't present in a province, Mackenzie King stated that he wouldn't offer a "five-cent piece"; R.B. Bennett replaced Mackenzie King since Liberals lost the election What: affected the Liberal party negatively since they were voted out & the Conservatives came into power Where: the election took place in Canada
When: election happened on February 1930

Dust Bowl


What: was a period of severe dust storms causing major damage to Canadian prairie lands.
It affected 100,000,000 acres
How: without natural anchors to keep the soil in place, it dried, turning into dust, and blew away with the winds

Prime Minister: R.B. Bennett & Bennett Buggy

august 7, 1930

Who: Canadian PM after Mackenzie King & wanted everyone that was able to work to have a job
What: wanted to give the provinces $20 million as emergency funds & wanted to improve Canadian manufacturing and their business
Where: Bennett Buggies were used in Canada
When: in the 20s the farmers had automobiles which was later thrown out since the gas & repairs were expensive

Estevan Riot (Black Tuesday Riot)


was a confrontation between the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and striking coal miners from Saskatchewan.
The miners had been on strike hoping to improve their wages and working conditions.
Several hundreds with their families, paraded through the city in order to draw attention to their strike.
The RCMP confronted them and attempted to block and break up the procession, but violence broke out and the police opened up fire on the strikes. Many strikers were wounded and arrested

Statute of Westminster

december 11 1931

Who/What: British Parliament issued the Statute of Westminister & this allowed Canada to make their own laws & regulations; Britain couldn't rule Canada, but Privy Council in Britain still higher than Supreme Court of Canada
Where: document signed in Britain since Canada was still part of British Empire at the time, but it was signed to make changes for CND not Britain When: British Empire passed the Statute of Westminister on Dec. 11,1931 & Canada gained complete independence in 1931

On to Ottawa Trek

June 1, 1935

Why: workers wanted to protest because they felt that they needed more money to support their family; trekkers also wanted economic reforms like minimum wages, social and unemployment insurance
How: men had enough and they stood up for what they believed in and fought as hard as they could, they even risked their lives to do it which resulted in social adjustments