Revered for his De institution musica (The Fundamentals of Music)
Known for invention of solmization and the Guidonian hand.
Associated with Notre Dame
Dates approximate: Late 12th-early 13th
Added 1-2 extra voices to Leonin's works.
Known for musical plays.
Vocabulary terms: Isorhythm, Motet
Vocabulary terms: Ars nova, Hocket, Virelais
Known for 3-part settings
Vocabulary: Isorhythmic Motets, Mass Ordinary
Known for 4-part settings
Vocabulary: Fauxbourdon, plainchant, Magnificat, rondeaux
Also known as Jean de Ockeghem.
Characteristics: wider range, long phrases, elided cadences.
Wrote only sacred music.
Wrote in 6-voice mass.
Characteristics: long, rhythmically varied, easy-to-sing lines in curves. Similar to plainchant, subtle text-painting
Vocabulary: Consort song, fantasia, motet
Earliest instances of dynamic markings in music
Vocabulary: Polychoral motet, ricercare, ensemble canzona, intonazioni
Wrote only vocal and dramatic works
Vocabulary: Idee fixe
Date approximate. Collection of 2 voice settings of solo portions of responsorial chants.
Related composers: Leonin, Perotin
Musical play by Adam de la Halle
Motet by Philippe de Vitry.
Date unknown (possibly coronation of French Charles V in 1364)
Mass composed by Guillaume de Machaut.
Attempts were made to restrict polyphonic music, for religious services to remain simple and pure. End result was very vague leaving specifics of restrictions to local bishops.