Forbade colonists from moving past the Appalachian Mountains. Colonists dont have right to land. Limits ability to trade with natives, which limits their ability to collect revenue.
Grenville appointed Prime Minister
Currency act of 1764
colonial assemblies stop issuing paper money
Sugar Act of 1764
Raised duty on sugar and lowered duty on molasses. Established new courts to try smugglers.
Mutiny Act of 1765
required colonists to shelter and supply british troops. Colonists annoyed not because of burden but because they thought it overstretched their boundaries to require them to do so.
Stamp act of 1765
Unlike sugar act, affected all printed documents: newspapers, almanacs, pamphlets, deeds, wills, licenses. Collected more tahn 10X revenue from before then
Stamp Act Congress meets
Met in NY - delegates of 9 colonies protesting to gov't that only american assemblies could tax. Spun it to say their success depends of freedom - 11 in the source. Can't function as colonies if they continue being taxed this way.
March 18, 1766
Gave parliament total authority over colonies
Parliament under prime minister Marquis of Rockingham repealed Stamp Act.
March 18, 1766
NY assembly disbanded and Townshend duties imposed
Response to the anger over Mutiny act. Only disbanded NY to not antagonize all colonies at once. Only imposed taxes (lead paint paper tea) on external hoping it wouldn't cause oproar but they rejected all taxation and rsented NY suspension thinking it was threat to all.
Lord North Repeals Townshend duties except on tea
March 5, 1770
Harassment of customs comissioners in Boston was common - sent troops to protect. Before news of repeal of Townshend reached america, one night after "liberty boys" pelted customs with rocks and snowballs, scluffling started, and british soldiers fired into crowd killing 5 - only manslaughter, but american pamphlets made people think it was murder and continued uproars
Tea Act of 1773
Exempted Britains East India Company from tax and allowed direct importation of tea to America. E.I.C was on verge of bankruptcy and had a lot of extra merchandise. Thought it wouldn't upset people but it did as this still was argued tas being an unconstitutional tax on American merchants.
Boston "tea party"
December 16, 1773
3 groups of 50 men masqueraded as mohawk indians and snuck aboard three ships and threw all tea into water.
:reduced self-gov't in Mass.
2:Permitted royal officers in America to be tried in other colonies or england (unfair trials)
3: provide quartering of troops
4: Closed port in boston
First Continental Congress convenes in Philadelphia
made 5 decisions: reject union under brits, statement of grievances including repeal of oppresive legislation passed since 1763 resolutions reccomending military prep for defense against brits in boston, boycotts to stop trade w/britain, and to meet again in spring
Lord North won approval for Conciliatory Propositions
Amreicans tax themselves at parliament's demand - didn't reach america until war shots already fired
First Phase: New England
March 1775 - March 1776
General Gage sends 1000 men to Lexington to seize supplies
April 18, 1775
Battle of Bunker Hill
June 17, 1775
patriots suffered casualties and withdrew but inflicted losses on enemies.
Second Phase: Mid-Atlantic Region
March 1776 - February 1778
Redcoast evac boston for Halifax, Nova Scotia
March 17, 1776
OCtober 17, 1777
Lord North New peace offer
British moving to south
1778 - 1781
Failed atempt to gain followers
Vergennes, France foreign minister, grants formal diplomatic recognition