History Revolution Timeline

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Pitt Relaxes Policies

1758

Pitt relaxes policies in colonies

George III takes throme

1760

Grenville appointed Prime Minister

1763

Proclamation of 1763

1763

Forbade colonists from moving past the Appalachian Mountains. Colonists dont have right to land. Limits ability to trade with natives, which limits their ability to collect revenue.

Sugar Act of 1764

1764

Raised duty on sugar and lowered duty on molasses. Established new courts to try smugglers.

Currency act of 1764

1764

colonial assemblies stop issuing paper money

Stamp act of 1765

1765

Unlike sugar act, affected all printed documents: newspapers, almanacs, pamphlets, deeds, wills, licenses. Collected more tahn 10X revenue from before then

Mutiny Act of 1765

1765

required colonists to shelter and supply british troops. Colonists annoyed not because of burden but because they thought it overstretched their boundaries to require them to do so.

Stamp Act Congress meets

October 1765

Met in NY - delegates of 9 colonies protesting to gov't that only american assemblies could tax. Spun it to say their success depends of freedom - 11 in the source. Can't function as colonies if they continue being taxed this way.

Parliament under prime minister Marquis of Rockingham repealed Stamp Act.

March 18, 1766

Declaratory act

March 18, 1766

Gave parliament total authority over colonies

NY assembly disbanded and Townshend duties imposed

1767

Response to the anger over Mutiny act. Only disbanded NY to not antagonize all colonies at once. Only imposed taxes (lead paint paper tea) on external hoping it wouldn't cause oproar but they rejected all taxation and rsented NY suspension thinking it was threat to all.

Lord North Repeals Townshend duties except on tea

March 1770

Boston Massacre

March 5, 1770

Harassment of customs comissioners in Boston was common - sent troops to protect. Before news of repeal of Townshend reached america, one night after "liberty boys" pelted customs with rocks and snowballs, scluffling started, and british soldiers fired into crowd killing 5 - only manslaughter, but american pamphlets made people think it was murder and continued uproars

Tea Act of 1773

1773

Exempted Britains East India Company from tax and allowed direct importation of tea to America. E.I.C was on verge of bankruptcy and had a lot of extra merchandise. Thought it wouldn't upset people but it did as this still was argued tas being an unconstitutional tax on American merchants.

Boston "tea party"

December 16, 1773

3 groups of 50 men masqueraded as mohawk indians and snuck aboard three ships and threw all tea into water.

Coercive/Intolerable Acts

1774

:reduced self-gov't in Mass.
2:Permitted royal officers in America to be tried in other colonies or england (unfair trials)
3: provide quartering of troops
4: Closed port in boston

First Continental Congress convenes in Philadelphia

September 1774

made 5 decisions: reject union under brits, statement of grievances including repeal of oppresive legislation passed since 1763 resolutions reccomending military prep for defense against brits in boston, boycotts to stop trade w/britain, and to meet again in spring

Lord North won approval for Conciliatory Propositions

1775

Amreicans tax themselves at parliament's demand - didn't reach america until war shots already fired

First Phase: New England

March 1775 - March 1776

General Gage sends 1000 men to Lexington to seize supplies

April 18, 1775

Battle of Bunker Hill

June 17, 1775

patriots suffered casualties and withdrew but inflicted losses on enemies.

Second Phase: Mid-Atlantic Region

March 1776 - February 1778

Redcoast evac boston for Halifax, Nova Scotia

March 17, 1776

Burgoyne Surrenders

OCtober 17, 1777

Lord North New peace offer

December 1777

British moving to south

1778 - 1781

Failed atempt to gain followers

Vergennes, France foreign minister, grants formal diplomatic recognition

February 6, 1778

Cornwallis surrenders

October 17, 1781

Final treaty

September 3 1783