Pitt relaxes policies in colonies
Forbade colonists from moving past the Appalachian Mountains. Colonists dont have right to land. Limits ability to trade with natives, which limits their ability to collect revenue.
Raised duty on sugar and lowered duty on molasses. Established new courts to try smugglers.
colonial assemblies stop issuing paper money
Unlike sugar act, affected all printed documents: newspapers, almanacs, pamphlets, deeds, wills, licenses. Collected more tahn 10X revenue from before then
required colonists to shelter and supply british troops. Colonists annoyed not because of burden but because they thought it overstretched their boundaries to require them to do so.
Met in NY - delegates of 9 colonies protesting to gov't that only american assemblies could tax. Spun it to say their success depends of freedom - 11 in the source. Can't function as colonies if they continue being taxed this way.
Gave parliament total authority over colonies
Response to the anger over Mutiny act. Only disbanded NY to not antagonize all colonies at once. Only imposed taxes (lead paint paper tea) on external hoping it wouldn't cause oproar but they rejected all taxation and rsented NY suspension thinking it was threat to all.
Harassment of customs comissioners in Boston was common - sent troops to protect. Before news of repeal of Townshend reached america, one night after "liberty boys" pelted customs with rocks and snowballs, scluffling started, and british soldiers fired into crowd killing 5 - only manslaughter, but american pamphlets made people think it was murder and continued uproars
Exempted Britains East India Company from tax and allowed direct importation of tea to America. E.I.C was on verge of bankruptcy and had a lot of extra merchandise. Thought it wouldn't upset people but it did as this still was argued tas being an unconstitutional tax on American merchants.
3 groups of 50 men masqueraded as mohawk indians and snuck aboard three ships and threw all tea into water.
:reduced self-gov't in Mass.
2:Permitted royal officers in America to be tried in other colonies or england (unfair trials)
3: provide quartering of troops
4: Closed port in boston
made 5 decisions: reject union under brits, statement of grievances including repeal of oppresive legislation passed since 1763 resolutions reccomending military prep for defense against brits in boston, boycotts to stop trade w/britain, and to meet again in spring
Amreicans tax themselves at parliament's demand - didn't reach america until war shots already fired
patriots suffered casualties and withdrew but inflicted losses on enemies.
Failed atempt to gain followers