Evolution of the Mosaic

This includes mosaics, collage, photomontages, and photomosaics

Mosaic

Mosaics begin

900 BCE - 800 BCE

using dIfferent colored pebbles used for roads

Mosaics- Roman expansion

793 BCE - 44 BCE

spreads mosaic artform through empire

Mosaics- Greece

500 BCE - 400 BCE

make geometric designs and images with colored pebbles

Middle Ages

600 - 1300

decline in mosaic arts in Europe

Mosaics- Byzantium

600

expands mosaic with techniques and christian themes

Mosaics- Iberian peninsula, Moors

900

share their mathematical & geometric patterns

Mosaics- Europe

1800

Revival of the Byzantium style

Mosaics- Europe

1900

Art Noveau embraces mosaics and send in a new abstract direction

Collage

Collage- China

200 BCE

Collage used with the invention of paper in China

Collage- Japan

900

Calligraphers use collage to display poetry

Collage- Medieval Europe

1200 - 1400

Collages found- showing evidence that it was done.

Collage- Europe

1400 - 1500

Gold leaf collage found in Gothic cathedral

Collage- Europe

1800

Used for scrapbooks and memorabilia

Collage- Europe

1900

Picasso and Braque bring collage to high art with cubist movement

Photomontage

Photomontage- Victorian era

1837 - 1901

People discovered the amusement of mismatching images on postcards to make new images

Photomontage- Dada movement

1920

Take photomontage to new level in more abstract way

Photomontage- Europe

1980

Artist use photomontage for political statements

Photomosaic

Photomosaic- first invented

1993

Joseph Francis created the first photomosaic piece called, "Live from Bell Labs"

Photomosaic- Copyrighted

1995

Robert Silvers creates the algorithm for creating photomosaics and copyrights the term.