Lipscomb: Thomas Easton Lipscomb

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CONTACT ME

1 Sept 1845

Do you connect with Thomas E Lipscomb??? I would LOVE to hear from you. Please contact me (Jackie) at : jackiehollow @ gmail.com (just remove the spaces).

Birth

5 Sept 1845

Thomas E Lipscomb was born either in Henderson or Gibson County, TN.

His Civil War pension record states that he was born in Henderson TN. While I have no proof to the contrary, and tend to lean to this being fact, he and his family would have moved to Gibson sometime in the next 5 years.

There is also some discrepancy in the exact date of death. Thomas states in his pension record that his birth date is 5 Sept 1845. His death certificate states 5 Dec 1845. I tend to believe that it was Sept. For the main reason, Thomas himself was filling out the information for the pension. Someone else, in this case, Thomas's 2nd wife, was filling out the information on the death certificate. In her grief, she could have easily made a mistake.

Civil War

Nov 1861

It's good to note that in 1920 census, Will Fullalove is living next to T.E. Lipscomb.

Civil War Pension Application for
Thomas Easton Lipscomb

Pension File # 15731
State of Tennessee

SOLDIER'S APPLICATION FOR PENSION

NAME T. E Lipscomb
Co. 52 Tenn Inf Regt. Rgt.

Filed Sept. 2, 1918
Allowed _______

FILE IS STAMPED Rejected/Accepted

SOLDIER'S APPLICATION FOR PENSION
I, Thomas Easton Lipscomb a native of the State of Tennessee and now a citizen of Tennessee, resident at Humboldt, Rt. # 9 in the County of Crockett in said State of Tennessee, and who was a soldier from the State of Tennessee in the war between the United States and the Confederate States, do hereby apply for aid under the Act of the General Assembly of Tennessee, entitled "An Act for the benefit of indigent and disabled soldiers of the late war between the States, and to fix the fees of attorneys or agents for procuring such pension, and fixing a penalty for the violation of the same." And I do solemnly swear that I was a member of Gen. -B. Tn-Cheatam’s Division; Chalmer’s Brigade; 52nd Tenn. Regiment; Company K, under command of Col. B. J. Lea, of Brownsville, Tenn in the service of the Confederate or United States, and that by reason of disability and indigence I am now entitled to receive the benefit of this Act. I further swear that I do not hold any National, State, or County office, nor do I receive aid or pension from any other State, or from the United States, and that I am not an inmate of any soldier's home, and that I am unable to earn a reasonable support for myself and family. I do further solemnly swear that the answers given to the following questions are true:

In what County, State and year were you born?
Answer: Born in Henderson County, Tennessee, Sepember 5th, 1845

When did you enlist and in what command? Give the names of the regimental and company officers under whom you served.
Answer: About the first of November 1861-was under command of Col. B. J. Lea; in division given above-B. J. Lea of Brownsville, Tenn, was my Colonel; H. L. Oliver was my Lieutenant Colonel; Maj. Randle was my major, all in General Cheatam’s division.

In what battle or battles were you engaged, and, if not wounded, state what disabilities did you receive, if any?
Answer: Engaged in Battle of Shiloh, on Tennessee River; was not wounded, and received no disabilities.

What was the precise nature of your wound or disability, if any?
Answer: Not wounded-and received no disabilities

Were you incapacitated for service by reason of said wound or disability incurred?
Answer: See answer above.

Were you discharged from the army by reason of said wound or disability?
Answer: See answer above

If discharged from the army, where were you and what did you do until the close of the war?
Answer: Not formally discharged, but sent home on sick leave and war closed before my return

What was the name of the surgeon who attended you?
Answer: Was in hospital at La Grange, Tenn., but do not remember name of surgeon or Dr. who attended me

How did you get out of the army, when and where?
Answer: Was sent home from La Grange, Tenn. On sick leave as above stated about last of year 1862-never recovered health sufficient for service thereafter

Were you ever in prison? If so, what prison and when released?
Answer: No

Were you paroled? If so, when and where?
Answer: Was never in prison.

Did you take the oath of allegiance to the United States Government?
Answer: No

If so, when and under what circumstances?
Answer: See foregoing answer

Have you applied for pension before this? If so, about when?
Answer: Have never applied for pension before this time

Are you married, or have you been married?
Answer: Am married-wife now living

If so, what is the size of your family living together?
Answer: Only my wife and I are living together at present-has been about 15 years since any of my children lived with us-all children married

What are the respective ages of your wife and children living with you?
Answer: Living with 2nd wife-age 46 years

To what sex do your children belong?
Answer: Five children-four girls, and one boy

In what business are you now engaged, if any, and what do you earn?
Answer: Farm as much as I am able-make scarcely a living for myself and wife,--I suppose not over $200.00 a year, maximum

What estate have you in your own right, real and personal, and what is its value?
Answer: Have one horse, one cow, two hogs-household furniture and small house and lot in Gadsden, Tenn worth about $250.00 or $300.00, which I purchased about two months ago-or swapped for-same being assessed to Will fullalove, Godsden, Tenn

What estate has your wife in her own right, real and personal, and what is its value?
Answer: None

State the gross income of yourself and your wife from all sources for the past year. This must include all money received either from wages, rents or interest on loaned money, if any. Also family supplies raised or received from rents and used by your family.
Answer: I think the maximum estimate would be $200.00, some consisting of proceeds of my little crop-have no money loaned, and no regular income from any source

How have you derived support for yourself and family for the past five years?
Answer: My individual labor-in making small crop from year to year

Do you use intoxicants to any extent?
Answer: No

How long have you been an actual resident of the State of Tennessee?
Answer: All my life except about 2 years in Missouri-returned from Missouri about March, 1911

Have you an attorney to look after this application?
Answer: Yes

If so, give his name and address.
Answer: S. Homer Tatum, Alamo, Tennessee

Witness my hand, this 31 day of August 1918
(Signed) T. E. Lipscomb
P.O Humboldt, Tennessee
RFD Route No. 9, Crockett County

WITNESSES:
(Signed) J. H. Jones, Physician, Postoffice Address:
(Signed) S. N. Lemond, Witness, Postoffice Address: Alamo
(Signed) J. W. Emison, Witness, Postoffice Address: Alamo

STATE OF TENNESSEE,
Crockett County

I, Jno. F. Peal, Trustee of said County, certify that T. E. Lipscomb and his wife Adena Lipscomb are assessed with no property, as shown by records of Trustee’s office of Crockett County, Tennessee, except small tract of 15 acres, which I understand he has sold, or traded off acres, valued at $ ___________ and with $ _________ of personal property.

Witness my hand, this 31 day of August 1918
Signed John F. Peal

If applicant and his wife have no property, the Trustee must so certify.

STATE OF TENNESSEE,
Crockett County

Personally appeared before me, R. L. Conyers, County Court Clerk of said County, the above named J. H. Jones MD one of the subscribing witnesses to the foregoing application, and who is a physician of good standing, and being duly sworn says that he has carefully and thoroughly examined T. E. Lipscomb, the applicant, and finds him laboring under the following disabilities:

Angima pectoris, Arteriosclerasis, + Rhumatism, which disables him from doing any kind of hard manual labor sufficient to earn support for him self + wife

Witness my hand, this 31 day of August 1918
(Signed) R. L. Conyers Codloc by Jno. H. Perry, Depty OK

Sick in the War

Nov 1862

If discharged from the army, where were you and what did you do until the close of the war?
Answer: Not formally discharged, but sent home on sick leave and war closed before my return

What was the name of the surgeon who attended you?
Answer: Was in hospital at La Grange, Tenn., but do not remember name of surgeon or Dr. who attended me

How did you get out of the army, when and where?
Answer: Was sent home from La Grange, Tenn. On sick leave as above stated about last of year 1862-never recovered health sufficient for service thereafter

marries Martha Sloan

1864 - 1867

According to the 1900 census, Martha and Thomas Lipscomb had been married 35 years. THis leads me to believe that they were married in 1865. Most likely in Gibson, TN.

However, I don't have proof of this yet.

Needs to find:
Marriage bond
Newspaper announcement
Church records

Daughter Mary Ann born

Aug 1867

daughter Fercilia born

1869

son G.R. born

1873

son Albert Sydney born

11 Feb 1874

daughter Martha Donie born

March 1879

dau Minnie Pearl born

Aug 1882

dau Louvenia born

July 1885

Martha dies

1901 - 1909

Martha dies sometime between the 1900 census and the 1910 census.

I believe that Thomas moved to Pemiscot MO between 1900 and 1902. Lavena, his daughter, married Jesse Warren in 1902 and they were from MO.

Martha could have died 1900-1902 in Crockett County, or made the trip to MO and died there. I haven't found any record of her death yet.

To get:

Death records
cemetery records
funeral home records
headstone

Marries Adenia Medlin

17 Oct 1910

He marries Adenia in Crockett Co TN. I have their marriage bond. Is there an announcement in the paper??

It's important to note that Adenia had a daughter when she married Thomas. That daughter lived with them for 5 years before she married.

dies at Gadsden, TN

31 Jan 1920

I have his death certificate.
Says he is buried in Center Cemetery.

Needs to find:
Obituary
Tombstone
Cemetery records
funeral home records
will or probate records

census

lives in Gibson Co TN

16 Dec 1850

Thomas is just a little guy here, only 5 years old. What convinced me this was my guy (and thus his parents) is that he is listed here as Eastin, and in the same family in 1860 as Thos. (Thomas). I've never found another Thomas Easton, however there is another T.E. Lipscomb living in Maury County. I'm sure this is not that T.E., however.

Something to note... this is 1850, and Crockett County hasn't been formed yet. I need to check into the possibility they are living in the part of Gibson County that later becomes Crockett County.

1850 United States Federal Census about Eastin Lipscomb
Name: Eastin Lipscomb
Age: 5
Birth Year: abt 1845
Birthplace: Tennessee
Home in 1850: District 2, Gibson, Tennessee
Gender: Female
Family Number: 221

Household Members:

Name Age
Henry Lipscomb 30
Serena Lipscomb 30
Mary Lipscomb 7
Eastin Lipscomb 5
Robert Lipscomb 2
William Lipscomb 0

lives in Gibson Co TN

1860

TE is living with his family, still in Gibson Co. It looks like possibly in Milan. I need to check the districts with the old Gibson maps. It's listed that 3 of Henry's children are attending school. It doesn't say which 3 however. Henry's property is only listed as worth 60 dollars, so it's most likely Thomas and his family live in a fairly poor living.

1860 United States Federal Census about Thos Sepcomb
Name: Thos Sepcomb
[Thos Lipscomb]
Age in 1860: 14
Birth Year: abt 1846
Birthplace: Tennessee
Home in 1860: District 13, Gibson, Tennessee
Gender: Male
Post Office: Milan

Household Members:

Name Age
Henry C Sepcomb 40
Sarina Sepcomb 40
Mary Sepcomb 16
Thos Sepcomb 14
Robert Sepcomb 10
William P Sepcomb 8
Benjamin Sepcomb 6

Lives in Braidies Landing, Decatur, TN

16 June 1870

Thomas has been busy in the last 10 years!! He has grown up, fought in the Civil War, gotten sick, had a surgery, gotten married, had a couple kids, and is living in Decatur County, TN. I need to contact someone in Decatur county and see if we can find any land records, etc for Thomas. Also do some research on Decatur county, since I've done none there yet.

Notice it says the value of his Real Estate is 280, and personal is 150.

Name: Thomas E Lipamb
[Thomas E Lipscomb]
Age in 1870: 26
Birth Year: abt 1844
Birthplace: Tennessee
Home in 1870: District 8, Decatur, Tennessee
Race: White
Gender: Male
Post Office: Braidies Landing
Value of Real Estate: 280
Value of Personal Estate: 150

Household Members:

Name Age
Thomas E Lipamb 26
Martha Lipamb 23
Mary A Lipamb 3
Firclia F Lipamb 1

lives in Friendship, Crockett, TN

June 1880

Thomas and Martha have moved to Crockett Co TN. Their oldest 2 children are listed as attending school at the time, able to read, but not write. THeir youngest 3 cannot read or write, nor are they attending school.

1880 United States Federal Census about T. E. Lipscomb
Name: T. E. Lipscomb
Age: 34
Birth Year: abt 1846
Birthplace: Tennessee
Home in 1880: Friendship, Crockett, Tennessee
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Self (Head)
Marital Status: Married
Spouse's Name: M. J. Lipscomb
Father's Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother's Birthplace: Tennessee
Occupation: Farmer

Household Members:

Name Age
T. E. Lipscomb 34
M. J. Lipscomb 31
M. A. Lipscomb 13
F. F. Lipscomb 11
G. R. Lipscomb 7
A. C. Lipscomb 6
M. A> Lipscomb 3

lives in Fosters, Crockett Co TN

June 1900

Thomas and Martha are still in Crockett Co, but now in a different district. They own their home, a farm, with a mortgage on it. They family can all read and write.

1900 United States Federal Census about Thomas E Lipscomb
Name: Thomas E Lipscomb
[Thomas E Linscomb]
Age: 54
Birth Date: Sep 1845
Birthplace: Tennessee
Home in 1900: Civil District 7, Crockett, Tennessee
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse's Name: Martha Lipscomb
Marriage Year: 1865
Years Married: 35
Father's Birthplace: Virginia
Mother's Birthplace: North Carolina
Occupation: Farmer
Read: Yes
Write: Yes
Speak English: Yes
Owned his house, mortgaged, it was a farm, nad the farm schedule was 84

Household Members:

Name Age
Thomas E Lipscomb 54
Martha Lipscomb 52
Mary Ann Lipscomb 32
Verna Lipscomb 14
Lelia Stewart 8
Disia Stewart 6

Moves to MO

1901 - 1909

Sometime between 1901 and 1909 Thomas and his family move to Steele (Cooter), Missouri.

I believe it to be closer to 1901. Louvenia marries Jess Warren in 1902... he was from Steele, MO.

Thomas's pension papers say he only lived in in MO 2 years, and that he moved back to TN in 1911. Which would have him moving to Steele in 1909. I believe the may have fudged the truth a bit, because he didn't want to be denied pension for living out of TN too long.

But as of right now... I don't know for sure. This is all supposition.

lives in Cooter Pemiscot MO

April 1910

Name: Thomas E Lipscomb
Age in 1910: 65
Birth Year: 1845
Birthplace: Tennessee
Home in 1910: Cooter, Pemiscot, Missouri
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Father-in-law
Marital Status: Widowed
Father's Birthplace: Virginia
Mother's Birthplace: Virginia

Household Members:

Name Age
James M Balentine 45
Mary Balentine 43
Herbie Balentine 21
Delsie Stewart 16
Clevie Stewart 7
Thomas E Lipscomb 65

moved back to Crockett, TN

March 1911

How long have you been an actual resident of the State of Tennessee?
Answer: All my life except about 2 years in Missouri-returned from Missouri about March, 1911

Lives in Crockett TN

Jan 1920

1920 United States Federal Census about T E Lipscomb
Name: T E Lipscomb
Age: 74
Birth Year: abt 1846
[abt 1896]
Birthplace: Tennessee
Home in 1920: Civil District 3, Crockett, Tennessee
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Head
Marital Status: Married
Spouse's Name: Hans Lipscomb
Father's Birthplace: Virginia
Mother's Birthplace: North Carolina
Home owned: Own
Able to Read: Yes

Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:

Name Age
T E Lipscomb 74
Hans Lipscomb 46

civil war service

Regiment was organized at Henderson Station

Dec 2 1861

Gen. –B. Tn-Cheatam’s Division; Chalmer’s Brigade; 52nd Tenn. Regiment; Company K, under command of Col. B. J. Lea, of Brownsville, Tenn

Orders to Danville

January 24, 1862

On January 24, 1862, Major General Leonidas Polk ordered Lea's 52nd and Browder's 51st from Henderson Station to Danville, as soon as they are armed." Colonel Lea, in his sketch in Lindsley's Annals says "The regiment was on the way to Fort Henry when the fort fell. They were then ordered to Columbus, Kentucky, but on account of sickness in the regiment, and inclement weather, they were ordered to return to their camp at Henderson. The regiment suffered greatly from measles."

Orders to Corinth

Mar 5 1862

On February 26, Colonel Lea, at Henderson Station, reported the 52nd with 760 men, 260 sick, no arms except 100 double barrelled shotguns. On March 5, General Bragg ordered Lea's and Browder's Regiments, at Henderson Station, to report to General Ruggles at Corinth, forthwith. On March 9th, Brigadier General L. Pope Walker's Brigade, of Brigadier General Daniel Ruggles' Division, was reported as composed of the 5th Alabama, 38th, 51st, and 52nd Tennessee Infantry Regiments, plus Gage's Alabama Battery. On April 3, General A. S. Johnston ordered: "Bragg will detach 51st and 52nd Tennessee, Blount's Alabama, and Desha's Arkansas Battalion from his corps to form garrison for post and depot at Corinth."

Battle of Shiloh

6 April 1862 - 7 April 1862

At Shiloh, April 6-7, 1862, the 52nd was engaged as a part of Brigadier General Jamees R. Chalmers' Brigade of Brigadier General J. M. Withers' Division. General Chalmers, in his report of the engagement, said "The 52nd broke and fled in most shameful confusion. After repeated efforts to rally it, this regiment was ordered out of the lines, where it remained during the balance of the engagement, with the exception of two companies, Captains J. A. Russell, and A. N. Wilson, who, with their commands, fought gallantly in the ranks of the 5th Mississippi Regiment." "Went into battle with about 400 of the 52nd, 300 of whom were not engaged." In this engagement, Chalmers' Brigade consisted of the 5th, 7th, 9th and 10th Mississippi, 52nd Tennessee Infantry Regiments, and Gage's Battery.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
American Civil War battle that saw the defeat of a Confederate counter attack after the fall of Forts Henry and Donelson to forces commanded by U.S. Grant. The two key forts, on the Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers, had been the centre of the Confederate defensive line in Tennessee. Their lose had forced the Confederate commander, A.S. Johnston, to pull back to Corinth, Mississippi. There, with the help of General Beauregard, he was able to pull together an army 42,000 strong.

This army was still massively outnumbered. Grant’s superior, General Halleck, had 75,000 men at his disposal, and decided to concentrate them on the Tennessee River, ready to attack Corinth. U.S. Grant, with 40,000 men, was send up-river with 40,000 men. This army camped at Pittsburg Landing, twenty miles north-east of Corinth, and settled down to wait for General Buell’s 35,000 men.

After his victory at Fort Donelson, Grant was now too complacent. None of the Union commanders expected a Confederate attack on their army, and so the camp was left unfortified. The junction of the armies was not rushed. When the battle began, one of Grant’s own divisions was still five miles to the north, while Buell’s nearest troops were nine miles away.

At Corinth, General Beauregard had persuaded Johnston to launch just such a counter attack. His plan required the Confederate army to march the twenty miles from Corinth to Pittsburg Landing on 3 April, ready to attack Grant on 4 April, before there was any chance of his being reinforced. Instead, the Confederate army reached the vicinity of Pittsburg Landing late on 5 April. Now Beauregard got cold feet, convinced that there was now no chance of launching a surprise attack, but Johnston was now determined to attack.

On 6 April Johnston committed his entire army as quickly as possible (a rare feat during the civil war), hitting two inexperience Union divisions that happened to be camped a little further west than the rest of the army. Unfortunately for Johnston, one of those divisions was commanded by William Tecumseh Sherman, who made his reputation at Shiloh. Even so, the surprise was near-total.

While Sherman and his men were fighting, Grant was rushing up-river towards the sound of the guns. By the time he arrived, at 9.00 am, the fighting was already the fiercest yet seen in the war. Between then Grant and Sherman were able to hold off everything that Johnston and Beauregard could throw at them, although they were slowly pushed back towards the river.

Shiloh presents yet another of the Confederacy’s ‘if only’ moment. While attempting to encourage one of his units to charge, Johnston was shot through the leg. He refused to stop for treatment, until eventually almost falling off his horse as he died of blood loss. Johnston was considered to have been the best soldier of his generation (although had yet to prove it), and his lose is often blamed for the defeat at Shiloh. In reality, the Confederate army was almost exhausted by this point, while the Union army had a strong line to fall back on, as well as tens of thousands of reinforcements who started to arrive as evening fell.

Having been on the defensive on 6 April, Grant went on to the offensive on 7 April. The battered Confederates managed to hold on for a couple of hours of fighting that matched that of the previous day, but eventually Union numbers and freshness won out. Beauregard was forced from the field, and began a dispirited march back to the Confederate base at Corinth.

The true nature of Grant’s victory at Shiloh took some time to sink in. After the first day, the Confederates were already claiming a victory, and it was the first day’s fighting that most influenced early opinion in the North as well. When the scale of Grant’s victory eventually sank in, his reputation rose to unprecedented levels.

A.C.W. Home Page | A.C.W. Subject Index | A.C.W. Books | A.C.W. Links

How to cite this article: Rickard, J (18 July 2006), Battle of Shiloh or Pittsburg Landing, 6-7 April 1862 , http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_shiloh.html

On sick leave

Nov 1862

He becomes sick and ends up having a surgery at LaGrange TN. Never recovers enough to re-enter duty before the war ends.

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