World War II

My World War II Timeline for Ms. Laberge's Humanities Class

Main

Mussolini Controls Italy

January 1, 1922 - December 31, 1922

Benito Mussolini took control of Italy. This is important because we were not allies with Italy.

Japan Invades Manchuria (Northern China)

January 1, 1931 - December 31, 1931

Japan invaded Manchuria in Northern China.

Hitler Takes Control of Germany

January 1, 1934 - December 31, 1934

Hitler turns Germany into a totalitarian state.

Jews' Citizenships Are No Longer

January 1, 1935 - December 31, 1935

Jews are now outcasts in the society, and people start to see the evil in Hitler.

Crystal Night

November 9, 1938 - November 10, 1938

More than 200 synagogues and 7,000 shops and homes were burned. Nearly a hundred Jews were killed, and thousands went to concentration camps.

Francisco Franco Turns Spain Into a Fascist Dictatorship

January 1, 1939 - December 31, 1939

Italy and Germany support Francisco Franco to overthrow the democratic government in Spain.

First Blitzkrieg Attack

September 1, 1939 - September 2, 1939

Germany invades Poland using their Blitzkrieg strategy, using this strategy to invade Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Belgium and France.

Britain Stays Strong

January 1, 1940 - December 31, 1940

Germany uses air raids to attack Britain, but Britain does not surrender.

Axis Powers are Formed

September 1, 1940 - September 30, 1940

Japan, Germany and Italy form the Axis Powers.

Lend-Lease Proposal

December 1, 1940 - December 31, 1940

Roosevelt helps Britain using the Lend-Lease Proposal.

Hitler Attacks Allly

June 22, 1941 - June 23, 1941

Hitler attacks the Soviet Union, one of his allies. The Soviet Union then joined the Allies to fight against Hitler. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin, leaders of America, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union formed the Big Three, and worked together to defeat the Axis Powers.

Pearl Harbor

December 7, 1941 - December 8, 1941

Japan bombs Pearl Harbor, killing 2,403 American military personnel and civilians. They sank several American battleships. The next day, we declared war on Japan. On December 11, Germany and Italy declared war on the U.S.

Mexico Declares War on Axis Powers

January 1, 1942 - December 31, 1942

Mexico declares war on the Axis Powers in 1942, making them a U.S. ally. After this, Mexico sent 375,000 farm workers to the U.S., and farm production increased by 25%.

Executive Order 9066 (Internment Camps)

February 1, 1942 - February 28, 1942

This order sent all Japanese immigrants or Japanese-Americans to Internment Camps, which is a relocation camp. 17,600 Japanese-Americans went to war to prove their loyalty.

The Battle of Midway

June 1, 1942 - June 15, 1942

Japan planes located to Midway Island, planning to bomb Pearl Harbor again. It was an air battle, and American's won.

American and British Troops Invade North Africa

September 1, 1942 - November 15, 1942

American and British troops invade North Africa to overthrow the German Afrika Korps.

D-Day to Driving Nazis Out of France

June 5, 1944 - August 25, 1944

The Allied Powers drove the German Nazis out of France.

Roosevelt Dies

April 12, 1945 12:00 AM - April 12, 1945 11:00 PM

Franklin Roosevelt dies, leaving our nation in the hands of Harry Truman.

Italy Surrenders

May 1, 1945 - May 31, 1945

Italy surrenders, and leaves the war.

Germany Surrenders

May 8, 1945 12:00 AM - May 8, 1945 11:00 PM

Germany surrenders 8 days after Hitler and his wife of 40 hours committed suicide together.

Warning Japan

July 17, 1945 12:00 AM - July 17, 1945 11:00 PM

Truman, Churchill, and Stalin told Japan to surrender before August 3 or face "prompt and utter destruction.

Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

August 6, 1945 - August 9, 1945

The U.S. used the atomic bomb to bomb Hiroshima on August 6, and Nagasaki on August 9. This was a surpise to the enemy, and created mass destruction.

Japan Surrenders

August 15, 1945 12:00 AM - August 15, 1945 11:00 PM

Japan surrenders to the Allied Powers, and the war is over.

12 Nazi Leaders Sentenced to Death

January 1, 1946 - December 31, 1946

The last of the Nazi leaders were found guilty and sentenced to death. This marks the ending of 2,194 days of death and destruction. The war is over.