Churchill's phrase to represent Europe's division into democratic Western Europe and COmmunist Eastern Europe
Leaders of the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union met at the Soviet Black Sea resort of Yalta and agreed to divide Germany into zones of occupation controlled by the Allied military forces.
U.S. and the Soviet Union joined 48 other countrioes to create the UN, An international organization intended to protect the members against aggression.
Policy to block Soviet influence and stop the expansion of communism.
Program developed to assist/give aid to needy European countries to help rebuild Western Europe.
American and British officials flew food and supplies into West Berlin for 11 months.
Ten western European nations joined the U.S. and Canada to form a defensive military alliance. An attack on any NATO member would be met with armed forces by all member nations.
A Cold War is a struggle over political differences carried on by means short of military action or war. This was between the U.S. and the Soviet Union.
Civil war between Nationalists and Communists lasted from 1946-1949. With collapsing economy, Nationalists deserted to Communists.
During Mao's reign, Chinese troops expanded into Tibet, India, and southern Mongolia. Brutal assault, promised Tibetans autonomy, but tightened control forcing the Dalai Lama to flee to India.
North Koreans swept across 38th parallel in a surprise attack on South Korea. North Korean troops penetrated into south. Truman resolved to help South Korea resist communism.
Chinese felt threatened by troops and American fleet and ended up sending 300,000 troops to North Korea.
UN forces and North Korea signed agreement. Border between the two Koreas was set near the 38th parallel. 4 million soldiers and civilians died during this time.
Mao nationalized businesses and made a plan that set high production goals for industry. Increased output of materials dramatically.