Mass Incarceration Timeline

Main

Nixon declared the War on Drugs

1971

The war on drugs was significant because it caused the mass incarceration of non violent criminals and lead to the racial profiling of criminals who took part in the recreational use of drugs. It relates to the mass incarceration of non violent criminals because most non violent criminals in correctional facilities across the United States are convicted of drug use.

Reagan Administration on War on Drugs

1982

The administration under Reagan for the War on Drugs escalated it. This relates to the mass incarceration of non violent criminals because it was caused by the outbreak of crack cocaine in the black ghettos.

Privatization of Prisons

1984

This is significant because the Correction Corporation of America was awarded a contract to take over a correctional facility and it was the first prison in the United States to be private owned. It is related to the mass incarceration of non violent criminals because due to the fact that prisons in the United States were over flown prisons began to open private facilities and private prisons due to private funding only take the low cost inmates.

CIA using cocaine money

1986

This is significant because a lawsuit in of 2 journalist proved that the war on drugs wasn't being followed effectively. This relates to the mass incarceration of non violent criminals because it shows how the implementation of the war on drugs made the government corrupt.

Office of National Drug Control Policy

1989

The Office of National Drug Control was significant because it i promoted anti drug media for children. This relates to the mass incarceration of non violent criminals because it was the incarcerations of the drug was that lead to the government establishing this in the media.

LA Riots

1992

The beating of Rodney King and the LA Riots was significant because it brought attention to the racial profiling that cops imposed. It relates to the mass incarceration of non violent criminals because it imprisoned many African Americans and it brought attention to the inequalities of the implementation of the law among U.S. citizens.

Planned Parenthood v. Casey

1992

The court case Planned Parenthood v. Casey legalized abortion. This relates to the mass incarceration of non violent criminals because the amount of women incarcerated decreased by a lot with the passing of the case.

The Office of National Drug Control gained cabinet level status

1993

This is significant because this created the position for a director and another position to the president cabinet. This relates to the mass incarceration of non violent criminals because due to the increase of so many drug incarcerations the government sought to discontinue the drug abuse in later generations.

California passes the 3 strikes law

1994

The three strikes law is significant because when it was passed, the amount of people being incarcerated increases and the amount of time for non violent crimes increased as well. It related to the mass incarceration of non violent criminals because it primarily gave many non violent criminals an average of 25 upon breaking this law.

Conditional Sentencing

1996

Conditional sentencing was used to reduce sentences for inmates and reduce the amount of inmates within prisons. This is related to mass incarceration of non violent offenders because it allowed them to serve their time outside of prison with restrictions.