Scattered farming and herding, use of copper and writing.
Early beginnings of pyramid building.
Many great pyramids built, art flourished. The kingdom was united - a time of major success.
No one Pharaoh was strong enough to rule the whole land.
Egypt was strong and united under one Pharaoh. It was a time of conquest over other nations, major irrigation projects and advances in the arts.
No clear ruler.
Egypt at its most powerful - united and successful. Pharaohs buried in the 'Valley of the Kings'.
Pharaohs lost power to foreigners and priests.
Alexander the Great conquered Egypt in 331 BC and after his death it became a Greek kingdom.
A province of Rome.