Totalitarianism

Main

The Rise of Dictators

The New Economic Policy

1921

Lenin abandoned war communism in favor of his NEP which was a modified version of the old capitalist system.

The USSR was crated

1922

Lenin and the communists formally created a new state calles USSR. Lenin's New Economic Policy saved the Soviet Union from complete economic disaster.

Fascism in Italy

Mussolini creates the Fascio di Combattimento

1919

It was the first Fascist party movement created by Mussolini.

The OVRA is established

1926

The Fascist outlawed all other political parties in Italy and established the secret police known as the OVRA .

Great Britain and France

1939

Only this two major European states remained democratic.

A New Era in the Soviet Union

Stalin Launches his First Five-Year Plan

1928

The plan set economic goals for five-year periods. Purpose was to transform Russia from an agricultural into an industrial country.

Costs of Stalin's Program

1930

Collectivization came at a tremendous cost. The Hoarding of food & slaughter of food caused famine. His actions of the Great Purge also led him to remove the Old Bolsheviks.

Authoritarian States in the West

The Spanisih Civil War began

1936

Spanish military forces revolted against the democratic government.

The Spanish Civil War ends

1939

It ended when Franco's forces captured Madrid and he established a dictatorship that favored large landowners, business people, and the Catholic clergy.