American History (1970's-Present)

American HIstory

Fight over Equal Rights Amendment (Phyllis Schlafly)

1972

Phyillis Schlafly was an American author. She is known for her opposition to modern feminism and for her campaign against the proposed Equal Rights Amendment. The ERA guaranteed equal rights for women

Wounded Knee Standoff

February 27, 1973 - May 8, 1973

A 71-day seige of the town Wounded Knee, South Dakota by about 200 American Indians after the failure of the OSCRO's failed attempt to impeach tribal president Richard Wilson.

OPEC Crisis

October 17, 1973 - March, 1974

The OPEC declared an embargo on the shipment of oil into contries that supported Isreal in its fight against Egypt. The price per gallon of gasoline raised from 38.5 cents to 55.1 by June 1974 causing President Ford to set restrictions to limit the use of oil.

Ford Pardons Nixon

09/08/74

To end the national divisions created by the Watergate Scandal President Gerald Ford pardoned disgraced former president Richard Nixon for any and all crimes he may have commited while in office.

"Whip Inflation Now"

October 8, 1974

campaign slogan promoting Ford's ideas to help the recession and inflation problems

Helsinki Accords (1975)

August 1, 1975

Agreement between 35 countries including the US, Canada, and every European state except for Albannia and Andorra whos goal was to build better relations between communist nations and the western world and to ease tensions of the cold war.

"Stagflation"

1976 - 1980

A period of the United States in the 1970s and 1980s during which the country was not growing but rises continued to rise anyway.

Panama Canal Treaty

September 7, 1977

Treaty signed by President Jimmy Carter and Panamanian leader Omar Torrijos that promised the end to US contorl of the Panama Canal in the year 2000, turning it over to Panamanian control but reserving the right of the US to defend it if threatened as a neutral water passage.

Camp David Accords

September 17, 1978

Agreememnt between Isreal and Egypt and mediated by President Jimmy Carter at Camp David, MD in which the Sinai Peninsula was returned to Egypt which had been lost during the Arab-Israeli War of 1967.

Moral Majorty

1979 - 1980

a prominent American political organization associated with the Christian right. It was founded in 1979 and dissolved in the late 1980s.

Soviets Invade Afghanistan

1979

Russian paratroopers led an invasion into Afganistan's capitol of Kabal to drive a steak between the already split ideals of the Afgan people whom were on the verge of their civil war.

Three-Mile Island Incident

March 28, 1979

A incident in the US in which one of its two nuclear reactors on Three Mile Island in Pennsylvania had a partial meltdown resulting in the release of small amounts of radioactive gases into the enviornment.

Salt II

June 18, 1979

An agreement between US President Jimmy Carter and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev after the second round of the Strategic Arms Limitations Talks (SALT II), that restricted the number of each side's strategic weapons, and was meant to replace the Intermin Agreement reached in SALT I. The US never ratified the treaty inspite of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.

Iran Hostage Crisis

November 4, 1979 - January 20, 1981

A diplomatic crisis between Iran and the United States in which Fifty-two Americans were held hostage for 444 days before being safely returned to the US.

Reaganomics (supply-side and trickle down-economics)

1980

Economic policies under the Reagan administraion from '81-'89. His plan was to reduce taxes to stimulate the economy out of the recession.

Boycott of Olympics in Moscow

1980

Boycott by the US and other anti-communist nations of the 1980 summer olympics in protest to the Soviet invasion of Afganistan.

Election of 1980 and the "Reagan Revolution"

November 4, 1980

After what had happend under the reigns of President Carter (OPEC crisis, staglfation, etc..) the US was ready for change. Republican Ronald Reagan and George Bush easily beat out incubent Jimmy Carter and Walter Mondale with a electoral vote 489 to 49.

Sandra Day o'connor appointed to Supreme court

1981

Appointed by Presidnet Reagan in 1981 as supreme court justice and was the first woman to hold a position in the court. Her appointement receieved oppostion from many senators out of fear that she would always rule in favor of womens interests.

1500 Marines sent to Beirut

1983 - 1984

In response to terrosit bombings of the marine barracks in Beirut, the US sent 1500 marines in response.

Military Action in Grenada and Nicargua

1983 - 1984

US-led military invasion of the Caribbean Island Nation of Grenada, triggered by the collapse of the revolutionary government. The invasion resulted in the restoration of a constituional government. A US invasion of Nicaragua as a part of the Banana Wars which began in 1912 as an attempt to prevent the construction of the Nicaraguan Canal by any nation other than the US. A costly stand off in the midst of the US Great Depression led to the US withdrawl in 1933.

Strategic defense initiative/ Star Wars

March 23, 1983

Proposed by President Ronald Reagan in 1983 and set up by the US Department of Defense in 1984 as a means of ground and space based defense against nuclear attacks.

Iran-Contra Affair and Oliver North

November 1986

scandal that erupted after the Reagan administration sold weapons to Iran in hopes of freeing American hostages in Lebanon; money from the arms sales was used to aid the Contras in Nicaragua even though such assistance was denied by congress.

Savings and Loan Scandal

1990

A banking crisis brought on by the 1987 stock market crash (black monday).

Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm(Persian Gulf War)

August 2, 1990 - February 28, 1991

A war waged on Iraq by the U.N and led by the US in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait. Operation shield was Iraqs offensive response agains the US efforts.

Rodney King Beating/ Riots

March 3, 1991

In the courts concerning the trail of the ten police officers responsible for the Rodney King beating, with a jury consisiting of no African Americans. The jury failed to charge the police on any of the 11 counts resulting in a eruption of riots centered in south central L.A. The riots lasted 70 hours and resulted in 60 deaths, more than 2,100 injuries and over $800 million in damages to the city of L.A.

Breakup of the Soviet Union

December 26, 1991

The US, along the rest of the world, watched in amazement and rejoiced as they watched the communist Soviet Union collapse into fifteen seperate countries in December of 1991. The collapse was seen as a victory for freedom and democracy, and a display of how capitalism trumps socialism.

Clinton proposes national health care

1993

Heathcare plan proposed by President Clinton in 1993 and pushed heavily by First Lady Hillary Clinton. The plan called to provide universal healthcare for all americans.

"Don't Ask, Dont' Tell"

December 21, 1993 - September 20, 2011

United States policy concerning gays in the military. While barring homosexuals from miltary service, it aloud closeted homosexuals to join the military as long as they did not express their sexual preferences.

North American Free Trade Agreement

January 1, 1994

An agreement signed by the US, Canada, and Mexico creating a trilateral trade block in North America.

Newt Gingrich's "Contract with America"

1994

Newt Gingrich was a leader in the policies forming by the Republican party in which Republicans promised to take action once they controlled the house for the first time in 40 years. Legislation they passed concerned shrinking the size of the government, tort reform, welfare reform, and lowering taxes while increasing entrepreneurial activity.

Clinton scandals and impeachment

December 19, 1998

In 1998 the US house of representatives impeached President Bill Clinton on a count of perjury and a count of obstruction of justice. Another count of perjury and an additional charge of abuse of power failed conviction. This was brought on by Clintons Lewinsky Scandal and the Paula Jones Lawsuit

Election of 2000 / Bush v. Gore

2000

5th US election held on November 7th, between Republican George W. Bush and ex Vice President, Democrat, Al Gore. Bush won by 5 electoral votes while losing the popular vote by half a million in the controversial recount affair concerning Florida's 25 votes.

War on Afghanistan

2001 - 2013

The US along with its western allies began their attack on the terrorist organizations of Afganistan following the terrorist attack of 9/11. The US entered the war with the goal to dimantle the Al-Qaida terrorist group.

September 11, 2001

September 11, 2001

World trade centers were attacked by terrorist group. As a result of hteis a war broke out between the U.S. and Afghanistan.

War in Iraq and Weapons of Mass Destruction "Great Recession"

2007

Saddam Hussein and the Iraqies were known for their use of chemical/biological warefare as the US was gearing up for the iraq war heading into 2003.

Election of 2008

november 4, 2008

In the 56th presidential election of the United States, Democratic senator from Illinois, Barack Obama, took on Republican senator form Arizona, John McCain. Obama easily won as the Americans were looking for a change of pace following their increased disappointment with incumbent George W. Bush, making him the first African-American president of the United States.