Mexican Revolution 1820-1920

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Mexico is Free From Spanish Rule

8/24/1821

Representatives of the Spanish Crown and General Iturbide sign the Treaty of Cordoba, recognizing Mexican independence.

The Texas Declaration of Independence

3/3/1836

The Texas Declaration of Independence was adopted on March 2, 1836 and was signed the next day. It declared Texas free from Mexico.

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

2/2/1848

The Treaty ends the war. Terms of peace included the cession of territories of California and New Mexico in exchange for $15 million.

French Control of Mexico

1863 - 1867

French army captured Mexico City. Archduke Maximilian of Austria-Hungary became Emperor of Mexico.

Dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz

1877 - 1911

Diaz maintains power from 1877-1911 (all except for four years). His leadership led to economic growth but also repression of the public and the poor.

Francisco Madero imprisoned

1910

Francisco Madero is imprisoned by Diaz in 1910 due to the possibility of him being a threat to Diaz.

Resignation of Diaz

5/25/1911

Diaz is forced to resign and flee to Paris, France in exile.

Francisco Madero's Presidency

5/25/1911 - 2/18/1913

Madero attains presidency after Diaz's exile. He wins by gaining nearly 90 percent of the voter's support.

The Ten Tragic Days

2/9/1913 - 2/19/1913

Groups of those unhappy with Madero's policies revolt in Mexico City. They form a coup d'etat and murder President Madero along with his vice president.

Victoriano Huerta's Dictatorship

2/19/1913 - 7/15/1914

Victoriano Huerta assumes power over Mexico after Madero is murdered. President Woodrow Wilson refuses to recognize Huerta due to his violent methods of gaining power.

Plan de Guadalupe

3/25/1913

Venustiano Carranza drafts his Plan de Guadalupe, accusing Huerta of restoring a dictatorship and committing treason; calls for a return to the values of the Constitution of 1857

Venustiano Carranza's Presidency

8/14/1914 - 5/21/1920

With Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata gone, Carranza assumes power without opposition. The United States recognized him as President of Mexico.

Pancho Villa's Defeat

1919

After a series of attempts to capture the border city of Ciudad Juarez, Villa is killed in the last Battle of Juarez.

Alvaro Obregon's Presidency

12/1/1920 - 11/30/1924

In 1920, Alvaro Obregon revolted against Carranza. In the end, Carranza was assassinated and Obregon became President with overwhelming support.