History of Afghanistan

With the help of Joanne Rowland By: Mehrangiz Monsef

Afghanistan

Munks settle into Afghanistan

12 A.D.

Traveling the Silk Road in Persia from India following Caravans
Afghanistan flourishes culturally and spiritually for several hundred years as a Buddhist Centre

Prophet Mohammad (SAW) Is Born in Mecca

500 A.D.

Islam Introduced to Afghanistan

800 A.D. - Present

Jangis Khaan Invades Afganistan

1200

Great Wall is built
Irrigation systems are destroyed; turning fertile soil into permanent desert

Britain well established in India

1800

Makes several attempts to add territory and to subjugate Afghans

Afghan Independence

1920 - 1930

Afghans win the 3rd British-Afghan War
Period of calm; where women have more rights & are given more power under the Afghan King's reforms; Mullas resist

Indian Independence

1945

Divided on Religious lines; thus giving rise to Muslim Pakistan (lands from India and Pashtun, Afghanistan)
Pashtunistan (later becoming home of Taliban) is strengthened

Russian Invasion

1978 - 1992

Increased presence of U.S.A in the middle east As the cold war with Russia begins
14 years of Fierce fighting (with Mujaheddin) is to follow
1.5 million Afghans killed, 4 million are made Refugees

Russians Withdraw, Mujahiddin in Power

1992 - 1996

Leave behind many injured and millions of landmines that will continue to injure many men, women and children
For four years 7 factions of the Mujaheddin fight among themselves with weapons supplied by major world powers

Taliban Rule

1996 - 2011

Control 90% of Afghanistan beginning the brutal period of repression especially towards women
Girls cannot attend school, women must have a male escort (Moharram), Complete hijaab at all times, Women's voice not to be heard in public space, Sporting stadiums as places for executions

As a Result

2008

Population: 20 million
Illiteracy: 60%
No Electricity: 92%

Destruction

2011

Giant Buddha's destroyed by the Taliban
Fall of the Twin Towers in the U.S.A
U.S. Invades Afghanistan
Taliban pushed from Kabul to Khandahar and into Pakistan

Afghanistan Today

2012 - 2013

Population: 31.1 million
Illiteracy: 72% (men: 57%, Women: 84%)
65% 0-24 years of age
Life Expectancy (at birth) 49.7 years
Maternal Mortality Rate: 460 deaths/100,000 live births
Infant Mortality Rate*: 122/1000 live births