Important moments in yoga history

Yoga is one of the oldest art forms, rituals and spiritual practices. Its roots date back to 3000 BC, and its evolved into a modern art form that both follows and channels its ancient roots. Below are some of the most important moments in that history.

Timespans

First documented pose

During this timespan, the first poses were recorded on stone tablets.

Tantra philisophy emerges

Tantra philosophy is the philosophy that the body is a temple and a spiritual vessel. The spiritual way of life that emerges from Tantra philosophies includes women and other members of society that previously had been barred from spiritual ritual. Tantra way of life was the first example of equality in spirituality, and it is the roots for the modern yogi.

Important moments

Yoga existence begins

In the Indus Valley Civilization, the first records of yoga existing are found.

Earliest scriptures are written

The ancient texts of the Vedas are the oldest scriptures in the world. They tell of Vedic culture and Vedic yoga as a ritualistic way of life.

Definition of yoga emerges

A definition of yoga emerges at this time. It is defined as the restraint of the senses, and some of its practices are explained at this time as well.

Bhagavad- Gita is composed

One of the most important yoga scriptures, the Bhagavad- Gita outlines the ancient principals of yoga, including six of the now eight sutras. The central teaching: do one's duty and expect nothing in return.

Yoga sutras are written

The eight yoga sutras are written by Patanjali at this time, and exist today as the core of yoga. These eight sutras are:
 Yama: Universal morality
 Niyama: Personal observances
 Asanas: Body postures
 Pranayama: Breathing exercises, and control of prana
 Pratyahara: Control of the senses
 Dharana: Concentration and cultivating inner perceptual awareness
 Dhyana: Devotion, Meditation on the Divine
 Samadhi: Union with the Divine

Birth of Hatha Yoga

The birth of Hatha yoga is the birth of root chakras we relate to today.

Principals for "Light on Hatha Yoga" is written

"Light on Hatha Yoga" serves as the most complete books on yoga poses to date.

The Bhagvad- Gita is translated into English

Charles Wilkins, a known English typographer and Orientalist, translates the Bhagvad-Gita into English for the first time, allowing yogic ideals and Indian culture to spread to Europe and America. The Bhagvad-Gita came to influence the transcendentalist movement in the 1800s.

Illustrated book of poses emerges

A book of yoga poses shows an anonymous figure demonstrating 121 poses is published, becoming one of the most complete collections of asana illustrations to date.

Yoga comes to the USA

Swami Vivekenanda visits Parliament of Religions in Chicago, bringing with him yogic ideals. Soon yoga will spread in the United States.