Didn't really mean anything serious, but still happened.
These irritated the Spanish immensely, as he stole their money and also started the English slave trade at the expense of their own business.
In port of San Juan de Ulua.
Took the 400,000 florin loan that the Spanish had just taken out from the Genoese to pay their troops in the Netherlands.
Although they did capture a treasure ship in 1594 and annoyed the Spanish a bit, their true success against the Spanish can be doubted and while some turned a profit others a loss; although the Queen did make money out of it for sure.
Became independent state.
Short lived but a good victory.
To prevent a possible invasion, and the fleet actually almost got to Ireland, however it too was turned back by winds.
Took it but could not hold it.
End of war with France
Unfavourable; loss of Calais.
Come to nothing
Described by John Guy as a "defensive league" against Spain.
(Elizabeth was just declared able to bear children)
3600 men, these sorted out the problems mostly
Elizabeth was fed up with having to help everyone.
War continued from time of Henry VIII, although Somerset took a very active role and launched an invasion in 1547.
Forced to as her husband, Francis II (King of France), died.
Created by Northumberland and implemented by Mary
Also refused to exclude Elizabeth from succession.
Religious settlement, opposed by conservative House of Lords
Issue of marriage was pressed openly
Marriage pressed more subtly and Elizabeth frustrated more religious reform that was supported by bishops and Cecil.
Laws against Catholics and a subsidy after 1569 rebellion.
Execution of Norfolk and Mary called for following Ridolfi plot.
Huntingdon put at the head of it. (he was very strong Puritan)
Secured execution of Norfolk but Elizabeth refused to attack Mary
Granted taxation, petition for religious reform, Wentworth imprisoned.
Another subsidy and anti-Catholic laws.
Created and introduced by the Council not in parliament, but a parliamentary bill was passed in order to give it statutory backing.
Acts against Jesuits and Missionary priests. Cecil tried and failed to legislate for the Queen's succession.
Debated and secured Mary execution. Failed Presbyterian reform attempt. Leaders imprisoned.
Subsidy to pay for war with Spain.
Mostly about bill against Sectaries - some opposition.
Including worst of the century in 1596
Controversy over monopolies and poor law.
And kept under house arrest and removed from his other posts.
Monopolies again (sorted out) and the Golden Speech.
The Act to Retain her Queen's Majesty's Subjects in their Due Obedience - made it treasonable to to convert people away from CoE, and performing the functions of a Priest (saying mass etc) got you imprisoned and fined.
Treasonable to be a Catholic Priest.
Attacks on Catholicism during the time of Somerset, who was a cautious but sometimes radical protestant.
Moderate and written by Cranmer
After Convocation of 1563, no legal force until 1571.
Some clergy were deprived as they refused to accept the prayer book and the surplice. This also led some clergy to resent bishops and to question the spiritual basis for their office.
for uniformity and conformity in the church
Bad for Mary as she was basically at war with the Pope due to marriage with Philip.
Threatening international Catholic superpower.
First attempt of Cope's "Bill and Book".
Called for Presbyterian reforms. Showed futility of parliamentary approaches for Presbyterians.
Removed Leicester's chances of getting with the Queen.
Done by Duke of Guise, prompted English aid.
Protestant regent of Scotland - caused civil war
Weakened rebel movement
Elizabeth took personally.
Severely weakened Presbyterian movement.
Chancellor of the Exchequer