Cultura y civilizacion inglesa

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The British isles were atached to the continent

6000 BC

Iron age
Después de la glaciación las islas britanicas quedaron separadas del continente

Pre history

5000 BC

From the start of the Earth until humanoids, Use of thumbs, wak in 2 legs , use of tools

Antiquity

4000 BC - 476 AD

Fin de la prehistoria .Edad antigua.

Stone henge

2000 BC

(Esta en Salisbury) It is one of the most mysterious archeological sites in the world , nobody knows how it was ever built with the tecnology of that time. Another question was the purpose, It appears to function as a kind of clock

Settelments of Celts

800 BC

(Early inhabitants of the islands)

Celts from the centre of Europe

350 BC

Julio Cesar´s Exploring expeditions

55 BC

1st Century

0 AD

Roman conquest begins under Cladius

43 AD

Romanization :

Roman conquest was very influencia in Britain ( they stayed there for 400 years The roman came from the south and then started to go upwards , until they met the picts (who inhabitated Caledonia)
The romans left
Cristianity
Town organization ( eje caster, chester, bath) they derive from roman organization
Roads (main roads that are now in Britain are based on roman roads)
Wine
Trade .

Roman Period

43 AD - 410 AD

Boudica of the Iceni tribe leads a revolt against Roman ocupation

61 AD

Boudica was recorded in roman history , she fought agains the stablishment , she set fire to London.

Hadrian´s wall is built

122 AD - 138 AD

Hadrian´s wall is between Scotland and England En el 115, los nativos se sublevaron contra sus conquistadores y arrasaron la guarnición romana de York. Como resultado, Adriano mandó construir una muralla de 117 km, llamada muralla de Adriano. la muralla de Adriano fue la frontera norte del imperio durante los siguientes doscientos años, un periodo de paz relativa.

Antonine Wall

142 AD

Com Ced Cathach formed a central monachy

200 AD

2nd Century

201 AD - 300 AD

4th Century

301 AD - 400 AD

Constantine declares Christianity as official region of the Empire

324 AD

Eghan and Conall conquered Ulster

400 AD

Roman army withdraws from Britain

409 AD

They had to protect the centre of the Empire, Rome . They retreated and left the Britons unprotected so the Britons called the Angles the Saxons and the Judes to serve them in battle agains the Picts Para Roma, Britania fue una colonia de explotación que fue beneficiosa para el pueblo sometido. Se introdujo la noción de urbanismo y el mortero en las construcciones. Se levantaron ciudades, villas, termas, instalaciones hidráulicas y alcantarillas. La mayoría de las ciudades, hoy terminadas en "cester" y "chester" fueron en un principio campamentos romanos (chester= castro = campamento). Londres "Lundinium" fue la encrucijada de las calzadas que se construyeron en todas direcciones, de ahí el rápido crecimiento de la ciudad. Se construyeron las primeras iglesias, pequeños edificios cuadrados rodeados de una galería (Bath y Colchester). Se importaron obras de arte del imperio y la cerámica se convirtió en una industria especializada.

Anglosaxon invasion

410 AD

Anglosaxon kindoms were created

Germanic Invasions

410 AD - 1066 AD

The picts attacked the islanders and loot ( seek for things and take it away) animals , croops, objects made of metal , religious objects

St Patrick converts Ireland to Christianity

432 AD

Britons ask for help against the Caledonians

446 AD

they asked help to the Angles, the Saxons and the Judes
When the angles , the saxons and the judes who were Germanic tribes finally stayed in the islands (because they were offered Kent) it started a mixing of races, a MINGLING generations and traditions.

Kent is conquered by English

457 AD

Middle ages

476 AD - 1492 AD

Inicio de la edad media , Caída del Imperio Romano de Occidente

Landing of South Saxons

477 AD

5th Century

501 AD - 600 AD

Los siglos V y VI de la historia de Gran Bretaña han sido denominados como la «Edad oscura» porque se sabe muy poco de ese período histórico. Su carácter oscuro es sin embargo verdaderamente crucial en la formación de las naciones británicas, porque es el momento en el que se suceden en pocos años dos hechos radicales: el abandono romano de la isla y la invasión de los anglos, jutos y sajones. El período concluye con una supremacía absoluta de lo anglosajón, un retroceso imparable de lo celta y una desaparición de lo latino. La escasez de fuentes históricas ha servido de acicate para dejar volar la imaginación para estos siglos, escenario temporal del ciclo artúrico.

6th century

501 AD - 600

Ida founds Kingdom of Bernicia

547 AC

Columba sailed to the Island of Iona

563 AD

Ethelric creates the Kindom of Northumbria

588 AD

Ethelric creates Kingdom of Northumbria

588 AD

Ethelfirth (King of Northumbria) died.

593 AD

St Augustine brings Christianity to the Anglosaxons

597 AD

He arrived in England following the orders of the pope Gregory I. He converted Kent

Monasteries were schools and Universities

600 AD

7th century

601 AD - 700 AD

Battle of Chester

613 AD

Eadwine (king of Northumbric) dead

617

Penda King of Mercia died

626 AD

Eadwine became a Christian

627 AD

Conversion of Wessex

635 AD

Oswiu King of Northumbria Died

651 AD

Synod of Whitly choose Roman catholic church model

664 AD

7 principle English Kingdom

700 AD

8th century

701 AD - 800 AD

Offa King of Mercia died

758 AD

1st landing of Danes in England

787 AD

Scandinavian raids begin

789 AD - 795 AD

The monastery of Lindisfarne is destroyed

793 AD

This monatery was in the island of Lisdisfarne (in Northen Ireland) and was destroyed by Vikings and the monks were killed

Irish states union (Heptarchy)

800 AD

Egbert

827 AD - 839 AD

Saxon Monarch . Married to Redburga

Ethelwulf

839 AD - 856 AD

Son of Egbert and Redburga. Saxon Monarch .Married to Osburga and then to Judith of Flanders

Union of the Celts in Scotland

844 AD

Ethelbald

856 AD - 860 AD

Saxon Monarch . Son of Ethelwulf and Osburga

Ethelbert

860 AD - 865 AD

Son of Ethelwulf and Osburga

Ethelred I

865 AD - 875 AD

Saxon Monarch . Married to Wulfrida. Son of Ethelwulf and Osburga

Ethelred died

870 AD

Alfred The Great is now king . He was the fourth in line. He was raised as a scholar.

Alfred the Great

871 AD - 899 AD

Saxon Monarch . Son of Ethelwulf and Osburga. Married to Eahlswith
Alfredo vio sucederse en el trono de Wessex a 3 de sus hermanos Ethelbald, Ethelbert, Ethelred todos ellos murieron jovenes. Alfredo fue el fundador de la prosa Anglosajona y bajo su reinado comenzo a escribirse la cronica Anglo-Saxon pero una de sus obras mas importantes fue la recopilacion de las leyes de Mercia, Kent y Wesselex, creando un codigo. He was a great military guide .He was anglosaxon . Cerca de 1878 Alfredo recupero su reino de Wessex y recibio ademas las provincias del sudeste y la mitad de Mercia. La Anglia oriental, el este de Mercia y parte de Northumberland permanecieron bajo el dominio de los daneses con el nombre de Danelaw Not to be invided Alfred gave money to the Danes ( this was known as DANEGELD)

Danes invided Wessex

875 AD

Alfred escaped

Vikings defeated in England by Alfred

878 AD

(Alfred the great represented the Saxons) Peace in Edington

Danes renew war

884 AD

Danes attacked 4th war begun

892 AD

Alfred died

899 AD

succedded by Edward the Elder

Edward the Elder

899 AD - 924 AD

Son of Alfred the Great and Ealhswith

Edward the Elder Died

924 AD

Danes hold Deira

Edgar (grandson of Alfred) King of England

973 AD

Battle of Hastings

1066

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