Untitled timeline

Main

Thirteenth Amendment

1865

Abolished Slavery in the United States.

Fourteenth Amendment

1868

Granted citizenship to all "persons born or naturalized in the United States", which included former slaves recently freed.

Fifteenth Amendment

1870

Granted African American men the right to vote in the South.

Plessy vs. Ferguson

1896

Plessy was sent to jail for sitting in a railroad car designated for whites only. They went to court and came to a conclusion that people are allowed to be seperated as long as it's equal.

Intergration of Armed Forces

1948

Black and whites could fight in the war together.

Brown vs Board

1954

Stopped segregation of schooling, so colored and whites were forced to be in school together.

Emmett Till is Murdered

1955

Emmett Till was 14 years old and murdered for whistling at a white woman. He was shot and mutilated.

Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott

1955

Rosa Parks was arrested for not giving up her seat to a white man. She wanted fair laws on buses for everyone so there was a boycott from the buses in the South. It lasted 381 days.

Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) founded

1957

They wanted nonviloent resistance and made this group, MLK was the leader.

Central High School and the "Little Rock Nine"

1957

Nine African American students signed up to an all-white school.

Greensboro Sit-Ins

1960

Nonviolent protest by young African American men sparked a sit-in movement that soon spread to college tows throughout the region.

John F. Kennedy becomes President

1960 - 1963

John F. Kennedy was a young president and had many new ideas.

SNCC is Founded

1960

Student group that spread non violence throughout colleges.

Freedom Rides

1961

Tatic that aimed at desegregating public transportation throughout the South.

Integration of The University of Mississippi "James Meredith"

1962

James Meredith was the first African American to attend the University of Mississpi.

MLK arrested and jailed in Birmingham, Alabama "Letter from Birmingham Jail"

1963

The letter MLK wrote while he was jailed in Birmingham, Alabama. The letter was mainly about nonviolent resistance to racism and arguing that people have the right to break unjust laws.

John F. Kennedy assassinated and Lyndon B. Johnson becomes President

1963

John F. Kennedy was assassinated in November 22, 1963. On that same day Lyndon B. Johnson became United States 36th President.

March On Washington DC "I Have a Dream Speech"

1963

MLK's speech was about everyone coming together and there shouldn't be anymore racism.

16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham bombed

1963

16th Street Baptist Church was bombed on Sunday September 15,1963 as a racial act of terrorism.

Civil Rights Act 1964 passed

1964

Civil Rights act stopped discrimination on the base of race, religion, sex, sexual orientation, and national origin.

Twenty-Fourth Amendment "Poll Tax abolished"

1964

24th Amendment "Poll Tax abolished" made it illegal to make people pay for poll taxes.

Three civil-rights workers murdered in Mississippi

1964

Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman, and James Chaney were killed by the KKK (Ku Klux Klan) trying to register black voters in Meridian, Mississippi.

Voting Rights Act of 1965 passed

1965

Voting Rights Act gave the right for African Americans the right to register to vote.

Malcolm X shot to death

1965

Malcolm X, leader of Militant Black Nationalist Movement, was shot to death at a rally in a ballroom in Washington Heights. A negro, Thomas Hogan was charged for the killing.

Selma to Montgomery March

1965

Selma to Montgomery March was for voting rights of blacks. On March 7, 1965, 600 civil-rights marchers were attacked with tearing gas and billy clubs.

Black Panthers are founded

1966

Black Panthers were formed in Oakland, California in 1966. Black Panthers believed that the nonviolence campaign had failed and figured they should matter into their own hands.

Stokley Carmichael coins the phrase "Black Power"

1967

Stokley Carmichael's coined phrase "Black Power" meant self-defense, self determination, and black racial pride for black people.

MLK assassinated

1968

MLK was assassinated on April 4, 1968. He was hit by a snipers bullet and had been standing on a balcony.

Civil Rights Act of 1968 passed

1968

Civil Rights Act was passed in April 1968, The Civil Rights Act provided equal housing opportunities regardless of race, creed, or national origin. Although, this law was enforced it did not mean landlords must accept all terms.