Granted citizenship to all "persons born or naturalized in the United States", which included former slaves recently freed.
Granted African American men the right to vote in the South.
Plessy vs. Ferguson
Plessy was sent to jail for sitting in a railroad car designated for whites only. They went to court and came to a conclusion that people are allowed to be seperated as long as it's equal.
Intergration of Armed Forces
Black and whites could fight in the war together.
Brown vs Board
Stopped segregation of schooling, so colored and whites were forced to be in school together.
Emmett Till is Murdered
Emmett Till was 14 years old and murdered for whistling at a white woman. He was shot and mutilated.
Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott
Rosa Parks was arrested for not giving up her seat to a white man. She wanted fair laws on buses for everyone so there was a boycott from the buses in the South. It lasted 381 days.
Central High School and the "Little Rock Nine"
Nine African American students signed up to an all-white school.
Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) founded
They wanted nonviloent resistance and made this group, MLK was the leader.
Nonviolent protest by young African American men sparked a sit-in movement that soon spread to college tows throughout the region.
John F. Kennedy becomes President
1960 - 1963
John F. Kennedy was a young president and had many new ideas.
SNCC is Founded
Student group that spread non violence throughout colleges.
Tatic that aimed at desegregating public transportation throughout the South.
Integration of The University of Mississippi "James Meredith"
James Meredith was the first African American to attend the University of Mississpi.
16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham bombed
16th Street Baptist Church was bombed on Sunday September 15,1963 as a racial act of terrorism.
John F. Kennedy assassinated and Lyndon B. Johnson becomes President
John F. Kennedy was assassinated in November 22, 1963. On that same day Lyndon B. Johnson became United States 36th President.
March On Washington DC "I Have a Dream Speech"
MLK's speech was about everyone coming together and there shouldn't be anymore racism.
MLK arrested and jailed in Birmingham, Alabama "Letter from Birmingham Jail"
The letter MLK wrote while he was jailed in Birmingham, Alabama. The letter was mainly about nonviolent resistance to racism and arguing that people have the right to break unjust laws.
Civil Rights Act 1964 passed
Civil Rights act stopped discrimination on the base of race, religion, sex, sexual orientation, and national origin.
Three civil-rights workers murdered in Mississippi
Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman, and James Chaney were killed by the KKK (Ku Klux Klan) trying to register black voters in Meridian, Mississippi.
Twenty-Fourth Amendment "Poll Tax abolished"
24th Amendment "Poll Tax abolished" made it illegal to make people pay for poll taxes.
Malcolm X shot to death
Malcolm X, leader of Militant Black Nationalist Movement, was shot to death at a rally in a ballroom in Washington Heights. A negro, Thomas Hogan was charged for the killing.
Selma to Montgomery March
Selma to Montgomery March was for voting rights of blacks. On March 7, 1965, 600 civil-rights marchers were attacked with tearing gas and billy clubs.
Voting Rights Act of 1965 passed
Voting Rights Act gave the right for African Americans the right to register to vote.
Black Panthers are founded
Black Panthers were formed in Oakland, California in 1966. Black Panthers believed that the nonviolence campaign had failed and figured they should matter into their own hands.
Stokley Carmichael coins the phrase "Black Power"
Stokley Carmichael's coined phrase "Black Power" meant self-defense, self determination, and black racial pride for black people.
Civil Rights Act of 1968 passed
Civil Rights Act was passed in April 1968, The Civil Rights Act provided equal housing opportunities regardless of race, creed, or national origin. Although, this law was enforced it did not mean landlords must accept all terms.
MLK was assassinated on April 4, 1968. He was hit by a snipers bullet and had been standing on a balcony.