Foreign Policy

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Monroe Doctrine

1823

Created by President James Monroe, warned European nations to stay out of Latin America because the United States would not hesitate to deploy troops in order to intervene with South American and Caribbean affairs.

World War I

1914 - 1918

The United States abandoned the idea of isolationism, and became involved in the war with its allies against the Central Powers. The outcome transformed Germany and the United Kingdom into electoral democracies.

League of Nations Treaty

1919

This treaty was created in result of World War I. The League's goals included disarmament, preventing war through collective security, settling disputes between countries through negotiation, diplomacy and improving global welfare.

World War II

1939 - 1945

The United States emerged as a Superpower after this war. The United Nations was created by the United States after the war with a purpose to foster international cooperation and assurance that conflicts like that would be prevented.

UN Created

1945

The United Nations was created in order to maintain international peace and security, protect human rights, provide a mechanism for international law, promote social and economic progress, improve living standards, and to fight diseases. It addressed international problems.

Containment

1945 - 1961

Proposed by George F. Kennan, the policy of "containment" called for the United States to isolate the Soviet Union, to contain communism by peaceful means unless force was necessary.

Truman Doctrine

1947

The Truman Doctrine was created in order to send financial aid to the European countries that were damaged after World War II.

Marshall Plan

1948 - 1952

The Marshall Plan had basically the same goals to send financial aid to European countries that were damaged by World War II.

Berlin Blockade

1948 - 1949

The Soviet Union closed off land access to West Berlin, which happened to be surrounded by communist infested East Germany. The United States and its allies broke the blockade by airlifting necessities to the people of East Germany.

NATO Formed

1949

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was organized in order to protect the freedoms of its 28 members. Its primary goal was to protect its members from pro-communist countries sending of troops. During the Cold War, NATO's mission was extended to preventing nuclear war.

Korean War

1950 - 1953

The Korean War was a war between North and South Korea. Its main purpose was to stop the spread of communism. South Korea was aided by the United States. We were helping them to fight against North Korea in order to contain the spread of communism.

Vietnam War

1955 - 1975

This was yet another war that the United States got involved in. North Vietnam wanted to overthrow the government that was set up in South Vietnam.

Cuban Missle Crisis

1962

The U.S.S.R was allied with Cuba and decided that it would equip them with missles, just incase they needed to use them. The United States, being so close to Cuba, had a problem with missles being there. So, the United States threatened Cuba to remove the missles or the United States would invade Cuba.

Détente

1969 - 1972

Détente sought a relaxation of tensions between the superpowers, coupled with firm guarantees of mutual security.

SALT I

1972

This agreement required mutual effort from the United States and from the Soviet Union in order to limit the growth of nuclear. Both powers kept a sufficient amount of nuclear weapons in case of a surprise attack from the other.

SALT II

1979

This was an agreement between the United States and the U.S.S.R. The agreement called for a limitation of the weapons that each power could have.

Iran Hostage Situation

1979 - 1981

Fifty-two Americans were held hostage in Iran for 444 days. The American Embassy in Tehran was tooken over by Islamist students and militiants. The reason why these American were being held hostage was because the United States had been holding the Shah here in America. The Islamist and militiants demanded his release. After the 444 days, the hostages were released.

Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan

1979

The Soviets wanted to expand their influence over Asia. So they decided to unvade Afghanistan. The United States sent hundreds of millions of dollars worth of guns and food to Afghanistan to aid the refugees. The United Nations voted to condemn the action, and repeatedly exhorted the USSR to pull out.

"Star Wars"

1983

Initially it was called the Strategic Defense Initiative, critics renamed it to "Star Wars". It was a plan for defense against the Soviet Union. It would create a global umbrella in space that would use computers to scan the skies. It also had high-tech devices to destroy oncoming missiles.

Fall of Communism

1989

The Fall of Communism was also referred to as the Revolutions of 1989. It was the revolution that overthrew the communist states in various Central and Eastern Europoean countries.

First Persian Gulf War

1990

Renamed Operation Desert Storm, the initial conflict was to expel Iraqi troops from Kuwait. The United Nations Security Council authorized the use of "all necessary means" of force against Iraq if it did not withdraw from Kuwait. Thus, started the war.

EU Formed

1993

The European Union is an economic and political union of 27 member states that are located primarily in Europe. They coordinate monetary, trade, immigration, and labor policies, making its members one economic unit.

World Trade Center Bombing 1

1993

A truck bomb was detonated below the North Tower of the World Trade Center in New York, NY. The United States classified this attack as an act of terrorism. There were more than 1000 fatalities. The purpose of the bombing was to destroy the base support of the North tower so that it would fall over onto the South tower, killing thousands of civilians.

September 11th/ World Trade Center Bombing 2

2001

The September 11 attacks were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks launched by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda upon the United States in New York City and the Washington, D.C. area on Tuesday September 11, 2001.

War Against the Taliban in Afghanistan

2001 - currently

The War against the Taliban commeneced in reaction to the attack on the World Trade Centers. The U.S. intended to remove the fundamentalist Taliban regime from power in Afghanistan.

Iran and North Korea threat of Nuclear Weapons

2002 - currently

In the 1990's the United States provided aid to North Korea in return for a promise to end their nuclear weapons program. In 2002 North Korea declared its intention to contine the program and it proved this by testing a nuclear weapon in 2006.

Second Persian Gulf War

2003 - 2011

The United States Secretary of Defense called for a war plan review.