Required Northerners to help capture runaway slaves or face fines or jail. Angered Northerens against south and slavery more.
(Henry Clay) California in as a free state; rest of Mexican cession no restrictions on slavery, slave trade out lawed in D.C. but not slavery
Refrigerated Freight Car
Kansas / Nebraska Act
Stephen Douglas- Divided the territories west of Missouri and Iowa into two territories (Kansas- slave, Nebraska- free) broke promise of Missouri Compromise
Dred Scott vs. Sanford
Supreme court ruled that Blacks could not sue in court. Missourie Compromise was unconstitutional.
Settlers obtained title up to 160 acres by paying $10 registration fee and living on land for 5 years entitled settlers to ownership; government encouraged white settlers to move west
Freed only slaves in states of rebelion- not border states
Confederates surrender to General Ulysses S. Grant
Ended the war.
Civil Rights Act
Stated that all blacks were indeed U.S. citizens (could be repealed at some point so republicans will pass 14th amendment to make it permanent.)
Union Pacific and Central Pacific met at promontory point, utah
Barbed Wire Invented
Alexander Graham Bell
President Hayes ends reconstruction; pulls U.S. troops out of the south.
Invention of the Lightbulb
allotted each Indian housel=hold 160 acres of reservation land to farm remaining land would be sold to whites and the money placed in a "trust" fund for Native Americans; tried to make farmers of Native Americans- IT FAILED.
Battle of Antietam
Lee retreats from Maryland to Virginia- Britain will wait until the Confederacy appears to be winning be it recongnizes the confederacy; Lincoln decides to issue Emancipation Proclimation
Battle of Vicksburg
05/18/1863 - 07/04/1863
Union Victory; captured town of vicksburg, miss.;Significance divided the confedaracy in two.
Battle of Getysburg
07/01/1863 - 07/03/1863
Turning point of the war; major loss for the south; Britain refused to recognize confedaeracy; confederacy on defensive for the last two years of the war.
Civil, WWI, WWII
American Civil War
04/12/1861 - 04/09/1865
01/01/1850 - 01/01/1853
01/01/1853 - 01/01/1857
01/01/1861 - 01/01/1865
President during Civil War (anti-slavery)
01/01/1865 - 01/01/1869
Ulysses S. Grant
03/04/1869 - 03/04/1877
Rutherford B. Hayes
03/03/1877 - 03/04/1881
03/05/1881 - 09/19/1881
09/19/1881 - 03/04/1885
03/04/1885 - 03/04/1889
Identified U.S. citizens and claimed protection for all U.S. citizens.