Events of World War II

Events

The Phony War and Attack on Denmark and Norway

September 1939 - April 1940

This was referred to as the "sitting war", as not much fighting took place. British would drop propaganda "bombs" over Germany. Germany invaded and attacked Denmark and Norway.

Invasion of Poland

September 1, 1939 - October 1939

Germany invaded Poland in response to Polish attack on their radio outposts. Russia captured eastern Poland on the 17th.

Fall of France and Vichy France

September 3, 1939 - October 1939

France and Britain declared war on Germany. Germany struck at France's weak forces, and France's army was defeated in just 6 weeks. This was a significant gain for Germany.

Soviet Attacks Lithuania, Latonia, Estonia, and Finland

September 17, 1939

The non-aggression pact signed by the Soviet Union and Germany was broken. The two countries were no longer allies and could go to war with each other

Rescue at Dunkirk

May 27, 1940 - June 4, 1940

British, French, and Belgium troops retreat from a defeat in France by the Germans. The rescue saved 338, 326 Allied soldiers from German death.

Battle of Britain

July 1940 - October 1940

Fought between the British Royal Air Force and the German Luftwaffe, the British were victorious. This marks Hitler's first defeat.

War in Balkans

October 1940 - June 1941

Italian forces invade Greece, but are pushed back. Hitler calls for Blitzkrieg invasion of Yugo and Greece.

Italy Attacks Northern Africa

January 1941

Hitler established an African corps for the purpose of helping the Italian Axis powers. General Rommel and the Africa Korps was sent to Libya, where the British withdrew.

Operation Barbarossa

June 22, 1941 - December 1941

Here the battle of Leningrad occurred in an attempt for Germany to get close to Moscow. It was not necessarily a failure, but not a success.

Sea Asian Colonies

December 1941

Japan wanted to create an empire in which Japanese industries would have access to natural resources in Southeast Asia. Japan defeated Burma, Singapore, and the Dutch East Indies.

Pearl Harbor

December 7, 1941

Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. In response to the bombing, the U.S. joined the Allied side in the war.

Battle of Coral Sea

May 1942

Japan fought with the U.S. in attempt to gain Australia and isolate the U.S., but failed.

Battle of Midway

June 4, 1942 - June 7, 1942

Another battle between Japan and the U.S. This battle permanently weakened Japan's armed forces and left the U.S. with naval superiority.

Guadalcanal

August 1942 - February 1943

Fought between the U.S. and Pacific Allies against Japan. This is the first major offensive by the Allies, and the U.S. succeeds.

Battle of Stalingrad

August 1942 - February 2, 1943

Germany tried to invade Stalingrad, but the Soviet army stopped the invasion. German soldiers were held siege in the city, and could not break the hold.

Operation Torch

November 8, 1942

This battle resulted in the Allied control of North Africa.

Battle of El Almein

July 1, 1943 - November 1943

Two battles occurred, in which Britain successfully defended the Suez Canal from Germany.

Invasion of Italy

September 1943

Hitler sent troops into Italy. On September 3rd, the Italians were neutralized.

Operation Overlord

June 6, 1944 - August 1944

The battle of Normandy occurred, and three million soldiers were in France by the end of August. On the 25th, Paris was liberated.

Battle of the Bulge

December 16, 1944 - January 25, 1945

This was the final German offensive, in which they attacked Allied lines in the Belgian Ardennes Forest. The Germans were defeated, and were then continuously on defense from this point.

Iwo Jima

February 1945 - March 1945

The U.S. and Japanese fight, as the U.S. wanted to get a foothold near Japan. They are successful.

Battle of Okinawa

April 1945 - June 1945

Once again, the U.S. battles Japan. Kamikaze warfare is used, and the U.S. is successful.

Atomic Bomb (Hirsoshima and Nagasaki)

August 6, 1945 - August 9, 1945

The United States worked on building atomic bombs, on which they dropped on Japan. One was dropped in Hiroshima on August 6th, and the other was dropped in Nagasaki on August 9th. From this point, the Japanese surrender on September 2nd, 1945.