Untitled timeline


Charlemagne merges Church and State


Creates the "Holy Empire" and was crowned by Pope Leo III on Christmas Night. Christianity is instrumental in the rebirth of Rome and without it Rome would of been dead. The Carolingian Empire began

The Fall of the Carolingian Empire


This is when the empire splits. The Eastern Frankish Kingdom (Germany)- retains the title of Holy Roman Empire and Western Frankish Kingdom (France)

Treaty of Verdun


Divided the Carolingian Empire and divided the kingdom into three parts for Charlemanges three sons

Constantinople goes to attack


Was successful and the Bryzantine Empire begins

Germany: Holy Roman Emperor Otto I

936 - 973

Otto had miltary strength and used his influence to elect bishops which is important because bishops cannot be inherited. People began to pay money to become bishops (SIMONY)
- Otto I was coronated by Pope John XII in 962 which marks a revival

Otto II

973 - 983

Uses the title of Holy Roman Emperor as a way to control the papacy.

Henry III

1046 - 1056

Abuses the system of the Pope. and removed three popes.

The Great Schism


Division of Christinaity into Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Church

Henry IV becomes king at 6 yrs old


Pope becomes strong and influential since King is so young

Pope Nicolas II


Initiates a process of reform which exposes the underlying tension between empire and papacy. The new elected Pope pointed out Simony and wanted to limit Imperial influence

Gregory VII


**Taking political steps and control by saying that no lay ruler may make ecclesiastical appointments. Bishops are Pope's men and not emperor's men.

Henry IV tries to depose the Pope


The Pope does not allow Henry to become involved in the church

The First Crusade

1096 - 1099

In 1095 Pope Urban II preached on the need to help the Christians and in 1099 the Christian army seized Jerusalem

St. Dominic de Guzman

1170 - 1221

Was seen as the 'bad one' and emphasized more in discipline rather than anything else and became the biggest persecutor of Arabs during this time

Philip II Augustus creates new ways


strong king who does not want to relinquish his authority to vassals, territorial integrity, a unified language (FRENCH) and a written rule of law (strengthening of territorial monarchy)

St. Francis of Assisi

1181 - 1226

Brought about the idea of 'absolute poverty' to make the church look better and was seen good in the eyes of the Pope

Magna Carta


A victory for the Barons and of custom in England. First real document allowing them to have knowledge of taxation and say in the matter

Last Crusade


The Muslim army defeats the Christians