Creates the "Holy Empire" and was crowned by Pope Leo III on Christmas Night. Christianity is instrumental in the rebirth of Rome and without it Rome would of been dead. The Carolingian Empire began
This is when the empire splits. The Eastern Frankish Kingdom (Germany)- retains the title of Holy Roman Empire and Western Frankish Kingdom (France)
Divided the Carolingian Empire and divided the kingdom into three parts for Charlemanges three sons
Was successful and the Bryzantine Empire begins
Otto had miltary strength and used his influence to elect bishops which is important because bishops cannot be inherited. People began to pay money to become bishops (SIMONY)
- Otto I was coronated by Pope John XII in 962 which marks a revival
Uses the title of Holy Roman Emperor as a way to control the papacy.
Abuses the system of the Pope. and removed three popes.
Division of Christinaity into Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Church
Pope becomes strong and influential since King is so young
Initiates a process of reform which exposes the underlying tension between empire and papacy. The new elected Pope pointed out Simony and wanted to limit Imperial influence
**Taking political steps and control by saying that no lay ruler may make ecclesiastical appointments. Bishops are Pope's men and not emperor's men.
The Pope does not allow Henry to become involved in the church
In 1095 Pope Urban II preached on the need to help the Christians and in 1099 the Christian army seized Jerusalem
Was seen as the 'bad one' and emphasized more in discipline rather than anything else and became the biggest persecutor of Arabs during this time
strong king who does not want to relinquish his authority to vassals, territorial integrity, a unified language (FRENCH) and a written rule of law (strengthening of territorial monarchy)
Brought about the idea of 'absolute poverty' to make the church look better and was seen good in the eyes of the Pope
A victory for the Barons and of custom in England. First real document allowing them to have knowledge of taxation and say in the matter
The Muslim army defeats the Christians