Egypt

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Papyrus

3300 BC

Papyrus was very important to the Egyptians and it is very important to us as well. You may not know but we use papyrus almost daily. Egyptians used reed of the papyrus plant to make the papyrus, or paper. The Egyptians used it so scribes could record history using brushes and ink, another Egyptian creation. Today we use it in all different kinds of ways. We are very lucky to have had the Egyptians make papyrus so we were able to enhance it into the quality it is now.

Hieroglyphics

3300 BC

Hieroglyphics was on of the earliest forms of writing. Hieroglyphics are symbols that stand for words that are made very similar to the way cuneiform is. There are over 600 symbols, mostly pictures of animals, used in writting hieroglyphics. Due to the fact that these symbols could be written horizontally, vertically, left to right, or right to left made it very hard to read. The only way to know which way they are written is to look at individual symbols. Since hieroglyphics was one of the earliest forms of written communication, it was what helped create the alphabet we used today.

The Great Sphinx

2500 BC

The Great Sphinx of Giza is the largest monolith statue in the world. Standing 241' long, 63' wide, 66.34' high, it is the oldest monumental sculpture. Egyptians built the Sphinx to scare or trap gods in hopes to save their Pharaohs from not making it to the after life. This rate sphinx has the body of a lion and a head of a women. It is built of limestone and stands on the Giza Plateau on the West Bank. Since the Great Sphinx is a national symbol of Egypt, it attracts a lot of tourist to the town if Giza.

Temples

1530 bc

Besides pyramids, Egyptians also built temples. Temples were made as homes for Egyptian gods. Entering the temple would be a huge thick gate and on either side was an obelisk. Lining the path to the entrance rows of sphinxes are set. Going on the inside stood statues of gods, pharaohs, and hieroglyphics written all throughout the temples. The sanctuary is located in the far end of the temple and was considered to be very sacred. Temples are important now because they tell about the history of Egypt and the belief they had about there gods. The temples still standing today are one of the most spectacular sites in Egypt today.

Homer

700 BC

Homer is the author of the Iliad and Odyssey. These epics have an enormous impact on the history of literature. Homer was widely recognized and he was said to be the teacher of Greece. Homers writting was ,ade up of over fifty percent speeches. They provided models in persuasive writing and speaking which were imitated throughout Greek worlds. Homer was a very smart ,an and has a lot to do with the way literacy is formed now.

Aesop

400 bc

No one is for sure if Aesop ever existed or not but multiple legends are told about him. One story claims that he is a slave and another says he is an advisor to the king. Historians that fables credited to Aesop were really written by multiple people and was collected under a single name. This name turned put to be Aesop. Historians aren't for sure but it is another theory, he is I portmanteau because his fables were taught to Greek children. aesops fables were very great and are known throughout the country now.

Rosetta Stone

196 BC

The Rosetta Stone is a very important artifact made by the Egyptians. It is a stone with writing on it from three different languages. It consist of Greek, Demotic, Hieroglyphics. Scientist weren't able to read it at first but a soldier gave them the helpful tip of it not all being the same languages or writing systems. Now it has been figured to have a translation key written on it in different languages. Every language had the same words and meaning just written in a different language. Today the Tosetta Stone is visited, seen, and studied in the British Museum.