United States Timeline

Wars

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

The War for American Independence from Great Britain.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

Second War for American Independence

Mexican War

1846 - 1848

Presidents

George Washington's Presidency

1789 - 1797

Federalist from Virginia

John Adams

1797 - 1801

Federalist from Massachusets

Thomas Jefferson

1801 - 1809

Democratic Republican from Virginia

James Madison

1809 - 1817

Republican from Virginia

James Monroe

1817 - 1825

Republican from Virginia

John Quincy Adams

1825 - 1829

Republican from Massachusetts

Andrew Jackson

1829 - 1837

Democrat from Tennessee

Martin Van Buren

1837 - 1841

Democrat from New York

John Tyler

1841 - 1845

Whig fromVirginia, took over when Harrison died in office

William Henry Harrison

1841 - 1842

Died in office

James Polk

1845 - 1849

Democrat from Tennessee

Zachary Taylor

1849 - 1850

Millard Fillmore

1850 - 1853

Whig

Important events in history

Declaration of Independence

1776

The U.S. formally ends their rule from Britain and becomes an independent Country.

Northwest Ordinance

1787

The primary effect of the ordinance was the creation of the Northwest Territory, the first organized territory of the United States, from lands south of the Great Lakes, north and west of the Ohio River, and east of the Mississippi River.
-President George Washington signed the Northwest Ordinance of 1789 into law after the newly created U.S. Congress reaffirmed the Ordinance with slight modifications under the Constitution. The Ordinance purported to be not merely legislation that could later be amended by Congress, but rather "the following articles shall be considered as Articles of compact between the original States and the people and states in the said territory, and forever remain unalterable, unless by common consent...."[

Constitutional Convention

1787

took place from May 25 to September 17, 1787, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to address problems in governing the United States of America, which had been operating under the Articles of Confederation following independence from Great Britain.The result of the Convention was the creation of the United States Constitution, placing the Convention among the most significant events in the history of the United States.

Ratification of the Constitution

1788

U.S. adopts the Bill of Rights

1789

Alien and Sedition Acts Pass

1798

-it shall be lawful for the President of the United States at any time during the continuance of this act, to order all such aliens as he shall judge dangerous to the peace and safety of the United States, or shall have reasonable grounds to suspect are concerned in any treasonable or secret machinations against the government thereof, to depart out of the territory of the United Slates, within such time as shall be expressed in such order, which order shall be served on such alien by delivering him a copy thereof, or leaving the same at his usual abode, and returned to the office of the Secretary of State, by the marshal or other person to whom the same shall be directed.

-That it shall be lawful for the President of the United States, whenever he may deem it necessary (for the public safety, to order to be removed out of the territory thereof, any alien who mayor shall be in prison in pursuance of this act; and to cause to be arrested and sent out of the United States such of those aliens as shall have been ordered to depart therefrom and shall not have obtained a license as aforesaid, in all cases where, in the opinion of the President, the public safety requires a speedy removal.

Louisiana Purchase

1803

the acquisition by the United States of America in 1803 of 828,000 square miles (2,140,000 km2) of France's claim to the territory of Louisiana. The U.S. paid 50 million francs ($11,250,000) plus cancellation of debts worth 18 million francs ($3,750,000), for a total sum of 15 million dollars (less than 3 cents per acre) for the Louisiana territory ($230 million in 2012 dollars, less than 42 cents per acre).[1][2][3]

The Louisiana territory encompassed all or part of 15 present U.S. states and two Canadian provinces. The land purchased contained all of present-day Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Nebraska; parts of Minnesota that were west of the Mississippi River; most of North Dakota; most of South Dakota; northeastern New Mexico; northern Texas; the portions of Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado east of the Continental Divide; Louisiana west of the Mississippi River, including the city of New Orleans; and small portions of land that would eventually become part of the Canadian provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan.

Lewis and Clark Expedition

1804 - 1806

Lewis and Clark explore the Louisiana Territory, looking for a route west.

Admittance of the Florida Territory

1819

Missouri Comprimise

1821

It prohibited slavery in the former Louisiana Territory north of the parallel 36°30′ north except within the boundaries of the proposed state of Missouri. To balance the number of "slave states" and "free states," the northern region of what was then Massachusetts was admitted into the United States as a free state to become Maine.

Monroe Doctrine

1823

stated that further efforts by European nations to colonize land or interfere with states in North or South America would be viewed as acts of aggression, requiring U.S. intervention

Indian Removal Act

1830

The act authorized him to negotiate with the Native Americans in the Southern United States for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in exchange for their homelands

Trail of Tears

1838

the forced relocation and movement of Native American nations from southeastern parts of the United States following the Indian Removal Act of 1830. The removal included many members of the Cherokee, Muscogee (Creek), Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw nations, among others in the United States, from their homelands to Indian Territory in eastern sections of the present-day state of Oklahoma.

Annexation of Texas

1845

In 1845, the United States of America annexed the Republic of Texas and admitted it to the Union as the 28th state.

Treaty signed for Oregon

1846

The United States signs a treaty with Britain that split the Oregon Territory in half at the 49th parallel.

Mexican Cession

1848

The Mexican Cession of 1848 is a historical name in the United States for the region of the present day southwestern United States that Mexico ceded to the U.S. in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848, but had not been part of the areas east of the Rio Grande which had been claimed by the Republic, though the Texas Annexation resolution two years earlier had not specified Texas's southern and western boundary.

California Gold Rush

1849 - 1852

the news of gold brought some 300,000 people to California from the rest of the United States and abroad.[2] Of the 300,000, approximately half arrived by sea and half came from the east overland on the California Trail and the Gila River trail.

Gadsen Purchase

1853

a 29,670-square-mile (76,800 km2) region of present-day southern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico that was purchased by the United States in a treaty signed by James Gadsden, the American ambassador to Mexico at the time, on December 30, 1853. It was then ratified, with changes, by the U.S. Senate on April 25, 1854 and signed by President Franklin Pierce, with final approval action taken by Mexico on June 8, 1854. The purchase was the last major territorial acquisition in the contiguous United States, adding a large area to the United States.