World War 2

1919-1939

Signing of Treaty of Versailles

June 28, 1919

The “Big 4” (Great Britain, France, Italy and America) joined together in Paris to determine the results of WWI. Germany was blamed for WWI and required to repay for all damages caused by the war. As a result, Germany was economically impacted hugely.

Weimar Republic

August 11, 1919

As a result to many changes in government rule, Germany’s established the Weimar Republic. The new democratic government caused political unrest, economical inflation and unbalance in Germany.

League of Nations

January 16, 1920

The League of Nations was an international association formed after WWI with the goal of keeping peace among the nations. The policy of appeasement (giving in to keep peace) with fascist government was established in the group. However, the League of Nations had little actual power and did not stop Hitler from taking over Europe.

Kellogg-Briand Pact

August 27, 1928

In an attempt to lasting peace throughout Europe, the Kellogg-Briand Pact was signed assuring no use of war as an act of diplomacy on all major countries.

Great Depression

October 29, 1929

The Great Depression was caused by over production throughout the USA. On Oct. 29, 1929 the stock market crashed and international trade dropped 65%. In order to fix the economy, major countries took great steps in attempt to improve.

Hitler Becomes Chancellor

January 30, 1933

Adolf Hitler reintroduced Europe to Nazism or the form of socialism featuring racism and expansionism and obedience to a strong leader. Hitler used the Treaty of Versailles to his advantage to regain lost land from WWI. In Germany, Hitler signified the answer to the failure in WWI and therefore he gained so many followers.

Munich Conference

September 29, 1938

The Munich Conference between the League of Nations and Germany, allowed Germany to invade Sudetenland if the respect of the new borders would be enforced. However, Hitler disobeyed.

Germany Takes Sudetenland

October 10, 1938

Hitler's invasion of Sudetenland break the Munich.

Non-Agression Pact

August 23, 1939

The Non-Agression Pact was an agreement between Germany and the Soviet Union to promise peace. However, in secret Stalin and Hitler decided to divide up Poland and the rest of Eastern Europe between them. This signifies Hitler disobeying his agreement with the Munich Pact and Treaty of Versailles.

Hitler Invades Poland

September 1, 1939

Hitler’s invasion of Poland decides the start of WWII. France and Great Britain declared war on Germany on September 3, 1939.

1939-1945: European Theater

Phony War

April 9,1940

Hitler's surprise attack on Denmark and Norway. Germany gains more land by the use of blitzkrieg and becomes closer to taking over all of Europe.

France Surrenders

June 22, 1940

France's surrender signifies the beginning of the Battle of Britain.

Axis Forces in North Africa

September 16, 1940

Germany was determined to conquer North Africa however Mussolini got there first. The peace between Germany and Italy is broken.

Hitler Invades Soviet Union

June 22, 1941

The surprise attack on the Soviet Union allowed Germany to take more land and power in Europe.

Attack on Leningrad

September 8, 1941

Hitler's attack on the Soviet Union continues as he takes Leningrad under control. Because Hitler wanted the Soviets to surrender, he held Leningrad and deprived the Soviet Union.

Germans Surrender at Stalingrad

Feb 2, 1943

German forces are defeated in attempt to conquer Stalingrad in Soviet Union. Hitler understands he can not completely conquer all of Europe and starts to retreat.

D-Day

June 6, 1944

D-Day was significant because it was the turning point of World War II. It marked the start of the Allies' invasion of Western Europe and paved the way for Allied victory.

Battle of Bulge

Dec 16, 1944

Allied forces turned back the last major German offensive of WWII.

Germany Surrenders

May 10, 1945

Hitler's surrender signifies his understanding that he can be stopped.

1939-1945: Pacific Theater

Japan Attacks Peal Harbor

Dec 7, 1941

Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor causes USA to declare war. The US is now officially included in WWII.

Allies Surrender in Philippines

May 6, 1942

The Allies surrender in the Philippines signifies Japan's conquer beginning throughout Asia. Japanese pride is very important, therefore when failure occurs, serious consequences follow (Bataan Death March).

Battle of Midway

June 7, 1942

American forces defeated the Japanese in the central Pacific. The Battle of Midway was the turning point of WWII and transition to the Pacific Theater.

Battle of Guadalcanal

August 7, 1942

Allied troops drove Japanese forces away from Pacific island of Guadalcanal. The Battle of Guadalcanal was won by the Allies and allowed them to gain more power.

Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima/ Nagasaki

Aug 6, 1945

The USA drops two atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki killing a total of 210,000 people. However, Japan was still tentative to retreat.

Japan Surrenders

Sept 2, 1945

Japan's surrend to USA signified the end of WWII.